Chloramphenicol for diarrhea: usage instructions for adults and children
During his life every man once, but he took antibiotics, which helped him fight off serious diseases. Such drugs include chloramphenicol. Diarrhea people often do not seek medical help and take chloramphenicol diarrhea at home by yourself. Chloramphenicol as an effective medicinal tool allows you to quickly remove the patient from frequent bowel movements.
It should be remembered that this drug has as contraindications and some side effects. Chloramphenicol no doctor appointments best not to use it, but if it is not possible to seek qualified help, it is necessary to study in detail the instructions for use.
Causes of diarrhea and the processes occurring in the body
Diarrhea, medical concept diarrhea is a rather unpleasant phenomenon, which is that liquid and useful elements do not have time to digest and absorbed in the blood stream, resulting in defecation are excreted. For this reason, the feces are very liquid state.
Diarrhea caused by massive loss of fluid and dehydration as a consequence of the dizziness, weakness, loss of consciousness. Sometimes acute poisoning may be severe intoxication with fatal outcome.
Causes of diarrhea can be very different, namely:
- The poisoning of food of poor quality or poorly washed vegetables and fruits.
- The penetration of various pathogenic microbes in the human body because of unwashed hands and drinking raw water.
- A lot of stress.
Often diarrhea is one of the signs of chronic digestive diseases: gastritis, pancreatitis, colitis and diabetes. For this reason, you should contact qualified medical assistance, drinking medicines on their own and not to resort to recipes of traditional medicine.
Indications for use
Chloramphenicol is the most common drug for diarrhea in adults and children. This synthetic antibiotic refers to drugs with broad spectrum, has good bacteriostatic effect and is designed to combat the numerous pathogens that are resistant to penicillin, sulfonamides and tetracycline.
The drug is available in pill form, yellowish-white hue, which is the active substance is chloramphenicol. In one pill cure for diarrhea is different amount of active substance, from half to a quarter of a gram. To prevent dangerous overdoses of chloramphenicol should always pay attention to it.
This antibiotic eliminates good germs, limiting their reproduction by interfering with the protein synthesis of the cells of the microorganism. When properly selected dose does not cause harm to the body of the patient and not destroyed the cell bodies.
Chloramphenicol as a drug of diarrhea, is considered ineffective in the fight against fungi and viruses, which can also be the cause of diarrhea. This medicine will not help if the cause of the diarrhea diseases are the digestive and nervous stress.
It is because of this fact the antibiotic should only be started after consultation with a doctor and putting samples of feces for analysis. After ascertaining the cause of diarrhea in sick, the doctor will decide on the possibility of prescribing a course of chloramphenicol for the treatment of the disease.
So as this drug has many contraindications, to drink. diarrhea is necessary only under medical supervision. This rule must be implemented in the event of illness of children with diarrhoea, especially young children.
Rules of chloramphenicol diarrhea in adults
Only a doctor can properly prescribe a course of how to take chloramphenicol diarrhea that was not targeted harm to the health of the sick person. Duration of therapy and dosage of a prescribed antibiotic is calculated by the attending physician. The course of treatment with chloramphenicol are mostly lasts 1-2 weeks.
Being of the patient improved the next day after the administration of chloramphenicol, but not you should immediately stop drinking the remedy. Need to go through the entire course of antibiotic, as is necessary to completely overcome all of the bacteria that caused diarrhea.
In the box with the cure always comes abstract. Chloramphenicol, instructions for use pills in case of diarrhea, States that the duration of treatment and therapeutic dosage means should be appointed after examination by a doctor.
Chloramphenicol should be taken thirty minutes before meals or one hour after a meal, the tablets should be swallowed whole. When used on an empty stomach the patient may feel pain in the abdomen, in addition, may be persistent nausea. Then it is better to take the drug after a meal that does not affect the effectiveness of the course.
Chloramphenicol for diarrhea in adults, doctors recommend to drink every 5-6 hours. In this case the daily dosage should be no more than two grams of active substance. Only in rare and serious cases, when diarrhea occurs along with vomiting chloramphenicol indiarrhea in adults is increased to four grams of the active substance.
Higher doses of medications must occur under the control of the attending physician, as increasing the concentration of chloramphenicol often leads to intoxication of medicine.
In the treatment of mild forms of diarrhea, without any complications, it is allowed to take the remedy 1-2 times. In the case when, after repeated administration of the drug in humans is not improving health, they should seek help at the hospital.
Rules of chloramphenicol diarrhea in children
Chloramphenicol can be prescribed and children to help in the fight against diarrhea. This must take into account the weight and age of the child. Kids up to 3 years give the medication 3-4 times a day, maximum dose per day is 15 mg per 1 kg of body weight of the child. Children from 3 to 8 years old should take two-tenths of a gram of the drug per day, children over eight years are recommended to take three tenths of a gram per day.
Receiving routine antibiotics in children is accompanied by an unpleasant feeling due to the bitter taste of the drug, so parents can find in a drugstore chloramphenicol-acttab without taste, which has all the qualities as conventional means.
Chloramphenicol is an antibiotic that causes a lot of disputes. If the parents in the home medicine Cabinet is most soft drugs, then the child can drink the drug, taking into account age and weight. During therapy with chloramphenicol, the child may receive a number of side effects. These phenomena include vomiting and rare stool, lowering the pressure and temperature, severe fatigue with a further manifestation of dysbiosis. In rare cases, can develop a hazardous health situation of the child, so it needs to be under the watchful supervision of the attending physician.
If the treatment brought no effect, the child is required to place in a hospital medical institution for observation, an infectious diseases doctor. Only in hospital it is possible to achieve constant control over a condition of the child and to conduct laboratory tests of samples of blood, urine and feces.
Chloramphenicol is considered a very good antibiotic, but it has a number of contraindications:
- The drug is prohibited to patients with malfunction of the kidneys and liver.
- The tool is unacceptable for problems with the circulatory system in the human body.
- Not worth to take for respiratory diseases and acute tonsillitis.
- Chloramphenicol is not be prescribed for diabetes, fungal diseases and skin.
- Antibiotic illegal for people with allergies.
- Medicine is completely prohibited for use in babies under the age of 4 weeks.
- Provokes the "gray syndrome" in babies up to 3 years when the skin adopts a shade of gray. Accompanied by a temperature decrease, dysfunction of internal organs and the uneven breathing of the baby.
- Chloramphenicol is not allowed to use during pregnancy and lactation period. Your doctor may prescribe the drug for the specific case of the complete failure at the time of treatment from breastfeeding.
- The ill person in special cases it is individual intolerance to chloramphenicol or other components of the drug.
Medication for diarrhea need to drink a doctor's prescription to the antibiotic removed all pathogens in the patient and ease the unpleasant symptoms.
Chloramphenicol may lower the amount of platelets, so it is used with caution. In some cases it can cause bleeding. In a simple form of diarrhea it is advisable to take less strong drugs and antibiotics are needed only in special cases.
The use of Chloramphenicol may be accompanied by side effects:
- The decreased production of blood – aplastic anemia.
- Problems with the circulatory system in the form of lowered levels of white blood cells and platelets in the blood, which is the development of leukopenia and thrombocytopenia.
- Appearance of skin rashes: dermatitis, hives and swelling of the skin.
- Increased flatulence, bloating, heartburn, nausea and discomfort in the abdominal area.
- The development of diseases of the digestive tract.
- Dysfunction of the Central nervous system, accompanied by weakness and sleepiness, irritability and fatigue, depression and frequent changes of mood.
- The loss of hearing and blurred vision for a short time, returning after a course of treatment.
- The cramps, nausea and vomiting, auditory and visual hallucinations while taking Chloramphenicol at the same time with alcohol.
- Increased diarrhea, but this occurs very rarely.
Because of a number of side effects not recommended to drive a car or other vehicle, and to operate dangerous machinery during treatment.
If the patient cannot diagnose the cause of diarrhea, you should seek medical help. Experienced doctor to properly diagnose and determine whether it is appropriate to use chloramphenicol.
Overdose chloramphenicol is obtained by taking medicationsremedies in large dose. When trying to quickly overcome the diarrhea, people often take medication in high dose. This desire leads to overdose of the active substance with subsequent complex effects to the human body.
Overdose chloramphenicol has the signs:
- bleeding of different etiology;
- severe fatigue, extreme weakness in arms and legs;
- lividity of the skin surface;
- pain in the larynx.
With a strong overdose develops so-called "grey collapse" accompanied by vomiting, diarrhea, flatulence, breathing problems and disorders of the heart. These symptoms are very dangerous for children, especially infants.
After diagnosing the signs of overdose of antibiotic are urgently needed to stop the medication. To wash the stomach and provide all event first aid in case of poisoning. Moreover, these events can be arranged both in the home and in the hospital.
Chloramphenicol is a very powerful and effective antibiotic, resulting in the normal functioning of the digestive system. The use of medications should start after consultation with doctor. If you can not seek medical help, then you need to read a guide on the use of the drug. Be sure to adjust the diet during treatment of diarrhoea.