Regidron: instructions for use for diarrhea and vomiting in adults
Poisoning spoiled food, poisons of plant and animal origin, caustic alkalis and acids, heavy metals are often accompanied by vomiting and diarrhea. These negative symptoms are broad intoxication lead to significant loss of fluid. If not quickly recover the water-salt balance, evolving threat to human life status. Attached to the packing instruction for use regidrona diarrhea in adults recommends the immediate stuff treatment of poisoning with this pharmacological drug.
Characteristic features of the drug
Significant loss of biologically active substances, minerals and vitamins with vomiting and diarrhea leads to the development of pathological processes in the organs of the cardiovascular and urinary systems. The primary task in the therapy of acute intoxications of various etiology – the elimination of the imbalance of salts and fluids. Instruction manual ensures that a freshly prepared solution regidrona helps to cope with this problem both at home and in hospital.
The drug is a white crystalline powder, packaged in a primary package made of laminated aluminum foil. Each package contains the amount of drug necessary to produce 1 l of solution. Regidrona secondary packaging – cardboard boxes yellow 20 sachet and instructions for use inside. In the preparation includes:
- dextrose – 0.01 g;
- sodium chloride – 0,0035 g;
- potassium chloride 0.0025 g;
- sodium citrate – 0,0029 g.
After dissolving the powder in warm boiled water is transparent liquid salty taste. Rehydron is a mixture of salts and glucose that is easily absorbed in the gastrointestinal tract and penetrates quickly into the bloodstream.
Composition regidrona balanced in such a way that the concentration of lost trace elements recovered in the shortest possible time. Diluted medicinal product has an alkaline pH, allowing it to be used to correct acidosis, or increased acidity of the blood.
The ability regidrona shift the pH of the biological fluid towards the base allows you to use it in treatment of diseases occurring on the background of the development of acid-base imbalance. In result of the conducted researches it was established that, despite the lower concentration of potassium in the freshly prepared solution than in prior art drug, medicinal powder more efficiently replenishes the stock of biologically active substances.
Rehydron is almost always used as one of the main means detoxification treatment for different types of poisoning, including alcohol. Many acute and chronic diseases of the liver and kidneys accompanied by changes in the qualitative and quantitative composition of blood. In the accompanying instructions for use indicated that directional reception regidrona helps to restore fluid and electrolyte balance in the body and the optimal concentration of red blood cells, platelets, and hemoglobin.
Pharmacological action of the drug
The human body is about 70% water. Only in the presence of a sufficient number of fluid cells and tissues retain their functional activity. Water shortage leads to disruption of all vital processes. Prolonged dehydration may develop irreversible complications. The poisoning of a significant part of fluid is excreted with vomiting and diarrhea. Usually this condition is accompanied by nausea. Man cannot be forced to drink water, as vomiting.
In medicine there is a term "to unsolder the patient." In the instructions for use is recommended to give the victim one tablespoon regidrona every 10-15 minutes. This is the amount of drug do not induce vomiting, but at the same time quickly restores the water-salt balance.
Acidic blood causes a violation of all vital systems. Pathological processes are manifested by the following symptoms:
- violation of the gastrointestinal tract – nausea, vomiting, diarrhea, flatulence;
- drowsiness, apathy, dizziness, loss of coordination in space;
- shortness of breath, feeling short of breath;
- the decrease in heart rate.
With the development of acidosis, increased blood clotting, that provokes a hypertensive crisis, deadly to human pathology. Causes shift of blood pH to the acid side often become:
- diarrhea and vomiting;
- oxygen starvation of cells;
- respiratory failure;
- blood loss.
In the instructions for use stated that regidron diarrhea makes up for the loss of all mineral compounds, which are derived from liquid intoxication. Diuretic properties of potassium chloride contribute to the rapid excretion of toxic compounds that have caused poisoning. Sodium chloride has a pronounced hydrating and detoxifying properties. With the increase of its concentration in the tissues restores the acid-alkaline environment, which is disrupted by the loss of minerals due to vomiting and diarrhea.
Glucose moleculesable to absorb on their surface the nutrients needed to restore electrolyte balance. The main pharmacological action of regidrona – recover reserves of cations potassium and sodium. The presence of optimal blood glucose concentration is a prerequisite for the normal functioning of all vital systems.
The feasibility of medicines in case of poisoning
The main indication for admission regidrona is a violation of the gastrointestinal tract due to penetration of pathogenic microorganisms or poisons. Viruses and bacteria begin to actively proliferate on mucous membranes, producing in the process of life toxic compounds. These substances are carried by blood flow throughout the body, causing extensive toxicity.
To protect themselves from the harmful effects of toxins and faster to bring them out, the body includes defense mechanisms: the victim develops diarrhea and vomiting. But with viruses and bacteria excreted liquid, so necessary for the proper functioning of the internal organs and brain.
Regidron vomiting will help to eliminate the effects of dehydration. Ease of preparation and simplicity in use allow us to classify the powder to the drugs used for first aid. The attached packaging instructions for use are noted that regidron successfully with fluid replacement and mineral compounds in such diseases:
- diarrhea of infectious etiology;
- diarrhea, caused by alcohol or toxic chemicals;
- poisoning with poor-quality food;
- diarrhea, triggered by allergies;
- pathology of the digestive system, accompanied by diarrhea;
- violation of the metabolism of fats, proteins and carbohydrates;
- the decrease in functional activity of the endocrine glands (thyroid, adrenals, ovarian);
- significant blood loss in trauma or burns.
Regidron often recommended by doctors for use during SARS, the flu and colds. All these diseases are accompanied by a severe dehydration due to the increase in temperature. Often viral and bacterial infections develop on the background of disorders of the digestive system. Hyperthermia provokes diarrhea and nausea.
Thermal shock and elevated physical exercise a person loses a lot of fluids and mineral compounds. The victim, increased blood pressure, quickens the heartbeat, opens vomiting. The statement pointed out that the admission regidrona eliminates signs of significant fluid loss in the shortest possible time.
How to take the drug during intoxication
Characteristic features of extensive poisoning are diarrhea and vomiting that cause dehydration and depletion of the human body. This condition threatens the health and sometimes the life of the victim, so as soon as possible to restore water and electrolyte balance. Instructions for use warns that Regidron from nausea to make when the appearance of the first symptoms – painful cramps in the epigastric region.
Medicine need to drink after each act of defecation. If a person was vomiting, the drug should be given to the victim in 10-15 minutes after each attack. You can not use regidron in large doses – this will trigger a new impulses to the gastric emptying.
Tool for the treatment of poisoning is prepared before use. One package regidrona need to pour in a liter of warm water and stir the liquid until the powder is completely dissolved. In the hospital the required amount of medication for a particular patient is determined in the following way:
- a person is weighed out and fluid loss in grams;
- this weight is multiplied by two;
- get the required amount of drug.
With intensive vomiting and diarrhea, do not eliminate drugs, it is necessary to give the person the solution at the rate of 0.01 liters for each kilogram of body weight. If within the hour the victim is on the mend, the dose is gradually reduced. Do not stop taking regidrona even with residual signs of intoxication. In some cases, gastroenterologists recommend the use of a solution as a preventive medicine.
Rehydron has a specific taste that is not like all the people. The instruction warns that it is strictly forbidden to add in a solution of honey, lemon, or other products. The therapeutic effect of the drug is based on its balanced composition. Any flavoring will reduce the effectiveness regidrona that will significantly push back the recovery.
You should store the diluted drug in the refrigerator, but not more than a day. Use Regidrona after the expiration date in the best case will not have a positive impact on the body. In the worst – provoke repeated human poisoning due to high content of glucose. Sweet liquids are favorable environment for pathogenic microorganisms.
In the instructions for use stipulate that treatment regidronpoisoning is carried out for three days. The drug is used only as a means of complex therapy. It is advisable to combine regidrona with antibiotics and antispasmodics, which are recommended by a doctor. If the symptoms do not disappear in three days, you should contact the doctor for appointment of other drugs.
The use of hangover and poisoning by alcoholic beverages
Citizens often abuse alcohol, have not enjoyed the cucumber solution is to restore the disturbed water-salt balance. It successfully replaces the solution regidrona. Optimally combined composition of the drug quickly eliminates the negative symptoms of poisoning with ethyl alcohol, which is specified in the instructions for use. After penetration into the gastrointestinal tract of humans alcoholic beverages is absorbed through its mucosa. The blood stream, ethanol is transferred to the cells of the liver for further transformation.
A significant concentration of ethanol reduces the speed and quality of metabolism of toxic compounds. Instead of the harmless acetic acid (end product of the breakdown of ethanol) formed acetaldehyde is a poison for the cells of internal organs and tissues.
Symptoms of alcohol intoxication for many people is known not by hearsay. Morning hangover is accompanied by such symptoms:
- headache, dizziness;
- nausea, vomiting, diarrhea;
- low blood pressure;
- heart palpitations.
All these negative symptoms are caused by significant dehydration under the influence of alcoholic beverages. To remove a toxic intermediate products of metabolism of ethanol, the urinary system increases the excretion of fluids with dissolved useful microelements and biologically active substances. If you accept the solution regidrona immediately after the meal or in the morning after get-togethers with friends, can make up the margin required for all vital systems of salts.
Contraindications to the use of drugs
Instructions for use regidrona warns of the dangers of using the drug to people with diabetes in anamnesis. After receiving the solution they increase the glucose content in the blood stream and cause worsening of the disease. You can't take regidron for diarrhea in adults, if a person has individual sensitivity to part of the powder ingredients. It is fraught with the development of allergic reactions: urticaria, atopic dermatitis, angioedema, anaphylactic shock.
Regidron may not be used for treatment of poisoning, if he has such pathology:
- intestinal obstruction;
- excessive content of potassium in the body;
If the victim was diagnosed acute or chronic renal failure should notify the attending intoxication doctor. Welcome regidrona highly undesirable when the salt diathesis of kidney and urolithiasis.
The pathology occur on the background of the accelerated processes of crystallization and formation of concretions. Included in Regidrona mineral salts will be deposited in the renal structural elements – the pelvis and the tubules. Pathology will rapidly progress, resulting in the discharge of stones.
The consequences of overdose
In the instructions for use stipulate that the powder from vomiting has no side effects, but if used carefully. Negative symptoms may appear in case of overdose of the medicine. This is possible in the following cases:
- exceeding the period of therapy;
- the increase in the concentration of the solution recommended by your doctor;
- the use of the drug with expired date;
- improper storage of the prepared solution.
Overdose regidron will lead to excess nakoplennymi compounds in cells and tissues. In the bloodstream will increase the salt concentration, decrease the content needed by the body of water.
A significant excess prescription in the prescription dose leads to the emergence of such symptoms:
- apathy, weakness, fatigue, emotional lability;
- decrease in tactile, muscular, tendon reflexes;
- violation of coordination of movements, unsteadiness of gait, loss of orientation in space;
- hyperthermia, fever, chills;
- breathing disorders;
- slurred speech;
- dry mucous membranes;
- tremor of upper and lower extremities, and convulsions.
Overdose threatens the development of pathological conditions: hyperkalemia and hypernatremia, which is deadly to humans. If you experience the above symptoms should call the ambulance for immediate hospitalization of the victim.