Then constipation, then diarrhea: causes, treatment, implications
In some cases, people have seen a diarrhea, which is very quickly replaced by constipation. This alternation tells about a failure in the body and require a doctor's advice. If a person then constipation, then diarrhea – the causes of this phenomenon can be different, sometimes to pinpoint the diagnosis without a full examination it is difficult even for an expert. Person is generally confusing, he can't understand what's going on with him. In fact, the cause must be sought in processes that occur constantly in the digestive tract during different diseases and are responsible for intestinal motility.
The reasons for this state
Constipation and diarrhea occur due to certain reasons, they themselves are not considered a disease, but can be only symptoms of some diseases. Diarrhea may occur one to four times per day during this period, stool be very rare. Constipation, by contrast, greatly reduced the cleansing of the intestines, and defecation may occur once for several days. Normally delay stomach emptying to a day if the bowel movement happens less frequently, it indicates digestive disorders.
Bowel movements from three times a day to three times a week, with almost equal time interval, talking about the good work of the digestive tract.
Experts say that the constipation and diarrhea at the same time, can signal the development of serious abnormalities in the body. The main diseases that manifest similar symptoms, as follows:
- Cancer of the intestines and stomach.
- The irritable bowel syndrome.
- Chronic inflammatory processes that occur in thin or large intestine.
- Chronic constipation with the simultaneous intake of laxatives.
- Worm infestation.
It should be remembered that conditions such as constipation and diarrhea is just a special reaction to certain factors. Such predisposing factors may well be food poisoning. The body tries to get rid of caught in it germs which is manifested by diarrhea. But if you have dehydration due to insufficient liquid, constipation is observed.
The main physiological factors that play a major role in the alternation of constipation and diarrhea can be denoted as:
- Violation of patency of the intestine due to mechanical overlap of the lumen of the foreign body or neoplasm.
- Violation of patency resulting from a failure in the peristaltic movements of the colon.
All these conditions require the assistance of a doctor, so do not delay, you need to go to the hospital.
It should be remembered that diarrhea a person can threaten dehydration, and constipation toxic substances poison the whole body. Such a condition is extremely dangerous.
Irritable bowel syndrome
A very common reason why constipation and diarrhea occur at the same time, adult or child, is disease irritable bowel. A similar disease may occur in people of all ages. In this disease, impaired bowel motility and pathological modifications being mainly in the colon.
The primary source of this condition is considered degenerative changes in the walls of the body and most of all to the disease predisposed adults. The reasons for the development of the disease a few, sometimes it begins because of a combination of factors.
- frequent stress at work and at home;
- unbalanced diet, when food is not enough of certain micronutrients;
- frequent meals semi-finished products and other harmful products;
- excessive consumption of alcohol and carbonated drinks;
- the abuse of food, when there is chronic overeating.
Women have a definite connection between bowel and the condition of hormones in the body. Symptoms of hormonal failure the fair sex may appear unpleasant States:
- Often there is diarrhea, then constipation.
- Pain in the abdomen and some muscles.
- Frequent flatulence;
- A feeling of incomplete emptying of the bowel.
- Increased desires on the bottom.
- General weakness.
- Prolonged migraine.
Irritable bowel is often the cause of depression in women of different ages. They have an unreasonable sense of anxiety, nausea and loss of appetite. Usually after bowel of these symptoms completely goes away.
Especially often alternating chair occur in women during menopause, when there is a full hormonal changes in the body.
When a person is first constipation, and then diarrhea – this indicates chronic enterocolitis. This disease is characterized by impaired secretory function of the intestine, when disturbed motility and diminished assimilation of nutrients. Dangerous consequences of enterocolitis can be a degeneration or complete atrophy of the membranes of the body. The disease can last for many years. The root cause of the disease is poorly treated acute enterocolitis. But keep in mind that the longer the disease continues, the more deeply affected mucosa of the intestinal tract.
Clinical signsenterocolitis manifested by irregular bowel movements, as well as alternating constipation and diarrhea. Diarrhoea is a consequence of increased peristatic of the intestine, such as the absorption of fluids and minerals is not possible. Diarrhea can develop due to the strong dilution of feces. In this state, the more affected the intestinal wall result in more frequent defecation.
When the inflammation affects only the small intestine, the stool occurs up to 4 times per day. Pain syndrome in this disease there, and desires on the bottom appear immediately after eating.
If the inflammatory process has affected all sections of the intestine, the urge to bottom can occur up to 10 times per day. In Calais there was mucus, the number of bowel movements gradually decreased. After painful diarrhea persistent constipation occurs when a person cannot go to the toilet for a few days.
Irritable bowel syndrome often diagnosed in the elderly. It is no secret that old people like a lot to eat, but they have a sedentary lifestyle.
The tumor of the rectum
The rectum is the final section of the digestive system, where stool output. The main factors for cancers of the rectum are:
- Heredity in the family of someone ill with the same disease.
- Chronic colitis in history.
- Polyphonie growths on the walls.
Some doctors claim that the main factor that contributes to the development of cancer is the wrong food. If the daily menu is fried foods, but with little vegetables and fruit, it leads to persistent constipation. Predisposing factor is considered overweight and a sedentary lifestyle.
Clinical manifestations of cancer of the rectum is quite specific and allows you to quickly suspect that something is wrong in the body. Symptoms include:
- alternating constipation and diarrhea;
- constant urge to bottom;
- severe pain during defecation;
- the feel of a foreign body in the anal passage;
- abnormal inclusions in the stool – blotches of blood, mucus, greenish and even pus particles of the tumor.
If the tumor is localized in the upper part of the intestine, diarrhoea is the color of the stool black, which tells of the bloody impurities. Quite often, cancer of the rectum are taken by patients for hemorrhoids, which has long and unsuccessfully treated at home. There is a tangible difference, hemorrhoids blood is observed on the surface of the stool and often goes before or after the act of defecation, when the cancer diseases the blood is mixed with feces. And constipation become commonplace.
The tumor of the rectum is the most dangerous because of the constant alternation between diarrhea and constipation!
Features of treatment
To normalize the release of stool in adults and children, it is necessary to find out the cause of violations. To do this, hold in-depth examination of the patient, which uses such methods:
- Are taken blood and urine tests.
- Carried out radiography of the intestine.
- Perform a digital examination of the rectum.
- Determine occult blood in the stool.
- Carry out bacteriological examination of faeces.
- Perform biochemical studies.
The primary goal of treatment is considered to eliminate the root causes of this condition. In addition to medication, therapy involves the revision of the diet and minimizing any factors that cause stress. Medicines can be prescribed enzyme preparations, antibiotics, Antidiarrhoeal or laxative medications, analgesics and sorbents. When persistent constipation shown a cleansing enema. If diagnosed with colon cancer, needed surgery and radiation therapy.
If the alternation of diarrhea and constipation is bothering the person for a long time, you should not tempt fate and try to fix the problem on their own. The reasons for this status may be set and correct diagnosis only by an experienced physician. Timely initiation of treatment will prevent the development of complications and quickly return to a normal life.