Enteral with vomiting in a child: instruction manual
The causes of vomiting in a child can be different: it may be a protective reaction of the body's nervous agitation, excessive activity, food poisoning or an attempt to get rid of irritating substances, but the reaction of the parents is the same: it is their major concern. At such moments, do not panic, you need to soberly assess the situation and take action based on the situation. Enterol with vomiting in a child is good medicine, coping with illness in the majority of cases.
Method of production of enteral
Enterol is a modern drug that is often used for disorders of the gastrointestinal tract, dysbacteriosis, regulates and normalizes the bowels. He is a good and as a reducing agent during and after a course of antibiotics.
The drug is available in several pharmaceutical forms:
- powder, for solution – enterol 250 (contains 250 mg of the substance);
- powder for suspension – enterol 100 (is composed of 100 mg of active substance);
- in capsule form with a shell of gelatin.
Each of these forms has its own characteristics and rules of admission.
The most suitable form for children is a suspension prepared from powder enteral 100 as the dosage of active ingredient there least and significantly reduced risk when taking the drug.
Part medications include lyophilized yeast microorganisms, which, passing through the gastrointestinal tract, the overwhelming influence on the reproduction of dangerous for the baby bacteria and fungi.
Additionally, the drug enterol produced proteases that have the ability to break down toxins and other harmful substances, preventing toxins on the body. Helping to cleanse the intestines, enteral improves blood circulation, leads to the formation of new immune cells and enhance the body resistance to diseases.
Indications for the medication, including children, are:
- dysbacteriosis of the intestine;
- colitis, recurrent and resulting from antibiotic therapy;
- irritable bowel;
- acute and chronic diarrhea of bacterial origin.
One of the advantages of medication that it is safe to assign to children of any age, of course your doctor recommended dosage.
Causes of vomiting in children
It is no secret that the baby was vomiting even anxiety or too a hectic game and also overheating in the sun. However, most often lead to vomiting, gastro-intestinal disorders, which is considered to be the most common childhood pathologies of the digestive system. The causes of this disease can be many factors as infectious or noninfectious origin, to determine that the results of clinical tests. Therefore, with vomiting, especially repeated, should not be delayed visit to the doctor (and it is better to call it home), not to run the disease.
Infectious disorders are easier to diagnose. For example, there are more than a dozen groups of viruses that cause toddlers to intestinal symptoms, the most common ones are rotavirus and enteroviral disease.
Rotavirus usually has an incubation period of one to five days and can be acquired through contact with a sick person, food or water, and also through dirty hands. In addition, the tear can be transmitted through airborne droplets, so from getting the infection no one is immune.
The pathogen is embedded in the mucous covers the duodenum and the small intestine and damaging the cells of these organs, causing their rejection. As a result of enzymatic failure and failures in the functioning of the intestine.
The presence of rotavirus infection in children indicates:
- abdominal pain (acute or in the form of contractions);
- General weakness of the body;
- the temperature rise over 38 degrees.
Also rotavirus is often accompanied by diarrhea, having a characteristic yellowish color and a pungent, sour smell. Diarrhea dangerous possibility of dehydration in a child, losing a large amount of liquid. Upon detection of rotavirus infection should take urgent steps to her relief.
Specific treatment for rotavirus is not, therefore, pay attention to the symptoms: a fever fever, stop diarrhea and allow the body to compensate for the loss of water and salts.
Enteral for kids: when to apply
Enteral for poisoning children prescribed by your doctor: to stop vomiting, and to prevent more serious consequences, such as bacterial diarrhea and dysbiosis. This medication copes well with such children's diseases as:
- various types of colitis that occurred after antibiotic therapy;
- drug diarrhea and its prevention;
- chronic diarrhea or diarrhea-acute;
- vomiting due to rotavirus.
Mechanism of action
Drug enterol, regardless of form, has several therapeutic actions:
- antimicrobial. Suppressing the account contained in the medication Saccharomyces boulardii pathogens(microbes, fungi), the drug stops their development;
- antidiarrheal. It is due to bioprotective properties of the drug.
- recovery. Helps to restore the natural composition of the intestinal microflora and its normal operation.
- antitoxic. Is caused by the production of a protease that breaks down the toxins produced by viral organisms Clostridium.
- enzymatic. Enhances the activity of lactase, sucrase and maltase (special enzymes that break down the carbohydrates received from food).
Saccharomyces included in the medication absorb moisture, have an effect for up to 3-5 days, and then is removed from the body along with the feces, does not penetrate into the blood or lymph.
Contraindications, side effects and overdose
Enteral, as with any drugs, has contraindications, which the doctor should warn you in advance. For example, for women these specific contraindications may include pregnancy and lactation. It is also not recommended to use the drug in case the patient is given a Central venous catheter, since the use of the drug with reduced immunity may contribute to the development of viral colonies in its intravascular Department.
For infants and younger children contraindications to the use of enteral when infection is such as:
- individual intolerance to the components included in its composition;
- drugs, not combined with anteroom;
- age less than 6 years (for the capsules).
In addition to contraindications, medications there are some side effects that you should know before to begin a course of treatment. Despite the fact that the drug is generally tolerated easily by the body, in some cases, you may experience mild abdominal pain, rarely nausea. Such circumstances do not require immediate discontinuation of the reception, because after a time these symptoms pass by themselves.
Cases of overdose when taking anterola have been detected, but should adhere to established dosages and mode of admission, and recommendations of the attending physician. This is especially important when taking the drug for younger children.
Enteral do not freeze or heat, also have to ensure that the drug was mixed with a sufficient quantity of liquid (in that case, if there is an enduring feeling of thirst and dry mouth, it indicates insufficient rehydration of the body).
Enteral: instructions for use
Dosage enteral intestinal disorders in infants and young children should be strictly monitored by your doctor. Because there are several forms in which it is available, you should know methods of application and to comply with the instructions for use for each of them.
It should also be remembered that between medication and food, it takes a while (usually the recommended interval is not less than an hour).
The powder can be discharged even newborns. They can take the medication only in the form of powder for suspension preparation (use enteral 100 because its easier to breed and divide into pieces).
For the treatment of diarrhea in infants have to give him twice a day from the package, at least 3-5 days. This tool will help to arrest bacterial overgrowth of the intestines of the baby at two-a-day intake throughout the week. The powder is dissolved directly in the bottle (in warm milk or infant formula) and give to the child.
Drug enterol 250 take half of the bag, also dissolved in milk, formula or juice.
The older children (to 6 years) give a bag of enterol 250-or two – enterol 100, twice a day. The period of treatment and prophylaxis of dysbacteriosis is determined by a physician and is usually about a week.
For effective treatment of children of age 6-10 years assigned to receive 2 sachets of the drug enterol 250 (four – enterol 100, respectively), the treatment period takes from 7 to 10 days.
Capsules enteral recommended to give children under the age of 6 years, however, in some cases, accepted this form of drug and at a younger age (from 3 years). The basic rules of taking the capsules the same as that of powders: they are taken an hour before meals and washed down with warm water or milk. However, the liquid in any case should not be hot.
At the age of 3-6 years a capsule form of the drug is approved for use only on the testimony of the attending physician, take 1 capsule twice a day not more than five days.
For children older than 6 years, there are certain standards of drug intake: 1-2 capsules 2-3 times a day depending on indications the doctor. The course of treatment is 3 to 5 days but may be extended to weeks if exhausted dysbiosis intestinal microflora in urgent need of restoration.
Enteral recommended to take while on antibiotics from the first day of treatment to them to prevent the risk of dysbiosis.
The positive effect of drugs that restore normal gut flora due to the settlement of his lacto - and bifidobacteria, members of their staff. In combination with anteroom brings in the gut ideal conditions for their existence,these beneficial micro-organisms restores natural balance.
Often it happens that the necessary drugs, for some reason don't have one. Therefore, it is important to know about the existence of analogues with which to overcome vomiting in a child. Analogues called drugs with similar medicinal properties, in spite of other ingredients.
Such drugs-analogues for anterola in the domestic pharmaceutical market are:
- enterosgel and many others.
Means, the same effect also can be prescribed by doctors in cases in which the use of enteral contraindicated because of individual intolerance of the components included in the composition of the drug, and strains of microorganisms.
Enteral and enterofuril
Another good remedy, which is often used for the treatment of vomiting in children is enterofuril. It is a antimicrobial product used to aid gastro-intestinal infections, and as a main component in its composition is nifuroxazide, which stops the development of harmful bacteria, and has bacteriostatic effect.
Enterofuril is a safe drug, causing virtually no side effects, it is well tolerated by the body and does not disrupt the balance of intestinal microflora and is assigned when severe infectious problems, accompanied by high temperature. Reception it helps prevent the further development of pathological condition.
However, it is not necessary to identify both drug because enterofuril – first antiseptic broad exposure to viruses/bacteria affecting the digestive tract, and enteral drug a narrower spectrum, but with beneficial effects on the microflora and restore the intestine.
The question of choice between enterofuryl or anteroom should be resolved exclusively by the attending physician and depending on the set diagnosis. Assuming that it best promotes the restoration of intestinal microflora, the answer is certain – enterol.
The effectiveness of enterol in the treatment of diseases accompanied by vomiting in children, there is no doubt: it is a safe, proven tool that has minimal contraindications, assign which can be even the smallest patients. It is important to remember about the features of this drug (do not heat, do not drink hot liquids) and adhered to prescribed regimen and dosing.