Sorbents for children: a list of sorbent preparations
Children are more susceptible to the harmful effects of pathogens. Various intoxication in young children is much more common than in adults and are heavier. Basically it is food poisoning and poisoning by toxic substances, which the baby tries to force their natural curiosity. In any poisoning as first aid provide sorbents that attract themselves to toxic substances and pathogenic microorganisms, and then gently remove them from the body. Sorbents for children have almost no contraindications, it is because the medication acts only locally and is not absorbed into the bloodstream. And yet all presented in the pharmacy sorbents have some peculiarities, so before hiring you should always study the manual.
What are the sorbents give children
Sorbents for children with intestinal infection begin to give immediately at the first sign of poisoning. This can be nausea and vomiting, and scattered on the floor packing of medicines. List of drugs for children in this dosage group is:
In the instructions for use of activated carbon is not specified any restrictions, but pediatricians do not recommend giving this medication to a child younger than 7 years. Although if nothing else, then as a first aid fit the classic coal tablets.
With care can give sorbents newborns, to calculate the dosage in this case, should a doctor.
Good absorbent for kids – POLYSORB. The unique formula of this drug has no analogues. The active substance of this tool speaks highly dispersed silicon dioxide. You can highlight the advantages of this drug:
- Has good adsorption characteristics. The drug is able to create about 300 m2 active surface sorption only when taking 1 gram of powder. At the same time, the total area of the human intestine is approximately 200 m2.
- Unique therapeutic effect. The fine particles of powder surround and isolate the toxins, before the removal from the body, preventing their absorption into the bloodstream. This property is especially useful when different food poisonings.
- Not affect the intestines and does not reduce peristaltiku.
The drug produced by the pharmaceutical industry in sachet bags and big plastic jars. Before taking this medication it is diluted in a small volume of water to form a slurry. The side effects of medication some rare cases, allergies and constipation.
Is strictly forbidden to use dry powder POLYSORB. This can lead to the deposition of fine particles on the respiratory tract and development of disease. In addition, the powder not to smell, for the same reason.
Choosing sorbents for infants, it is better to give preference to enterosgelyu. The active substance of this preparation is of a polymethylsiloxane polyhydrate. This adsorbent has a selective activity does not affect the digestive organs and creates a good working surface of around 150 m2 for only 1 gram of medication.
The main advantage of this drug is considered to be a convenient form of release in a gel. Before taking it can be dissolved in a small volume of water. Enterosgel allowed to receive even babies and has no specific contraindications.
Another sorbent which helps with gastro-intestinal disorders is smectite. The active substance acts as a natural mineral diosmectite. Smecta have good adsorption properties. She is able to create a working surface of 100 m2 for only 1 gram of powder. This drug almost has no contraindications and, in addition to sorption properties, has also enveloping characteristics. Due to this stabiliziruemost mucous layer of the intestine and prevents further irritation. Creating a mucous barrier, the sorbent prevents the absorption of toxins into the bloodstream.
Smectite is recommended for reception of children of different ages with intoxication, accompanied by severe diarrhea. The dosage stated in the abstract or if necessary, it calculates the attending physician.
It is worth remembering that smecta overdose leads to persistent constipation. Therefore, we must strictly follow the recommended dose.
This sorbent can be found in the pharmacy in three forms – powder, tablets and granules. Active substance is natural element – lignin. This sorbent is very low adsorptive properties. Polifepan creates a working surface of only 20 m2 per 1 gram of active substance. The advantage of this medication is lower cost. Polifepan costs significantly less than other modern adsorbents.
Take the drug according to the scheme, which is specified in the regulations, unless otherwise prescribed by your doctor. Usually the treatment lasts up to 5 days, but in particularly serious cases may be extended for up to two weeks.
With great care the sorbent is administered to infants. It may cause heaviness in the stomach and persistent constipation.
Whether to give children activated charcoal
If the child has manifested symptoms of intoxication, and in the house, except activated carbon, nothingno more, it is not necessary to run around looking for the other sorbents. Classic black tablet it is possible to give the baby as a single action. The drug given at the rate of 1 tablet on 10 kg of weight, but in exceptional cases can give 1 tablet per 5 kg of body weight. Before taking the pill crushed with a rolling pin, it's enough to hold her blister, and then diluted in a small volume of water to form a slurry.
From all sorbents, which is permitted for children, activated carbon has the lowest adsorption capacity. This medicine has no electoral activity, therefore, from the digestive tract are listed as harmful, and nutrients. This tool is not the best choice for infants, since coarse particles injure the delicate mucous membrane of the stomach and intestines.
Activated charcoal is not recommended for use in all inflammatory diseases of the digestive tract.
The advantages of activated carbon include a very low cost and versatile adsorption capacity.
How to choose a sorbent
Adsorbents children are selected on the basis of symptoms of the disease. If you have severe diarrhea, it is better to give smektu, as it has enveloping properties and protects the intestinal wall from further irritation. When there is poisoning by toxic substance or drugs, it is better to give the baby drugs with pronounced adsorbing properties – POLYSORB or enterosgel.
Do not forget that young children any medication can be given only after consultation with the doctor and the sorbents are no exception. In addition to receiving the sorbents, the child needs to ensure a good drinking regime, as during vomiting and diarrhea lose a lot of fluid and minerals. When properly organized treatment toddler recovering after just a few days.