Nausea and vomiting in a child after eating: causes, treatment
Vomiting is a physiological protective response where the stomach contents outside through the mouth. Itself vomiting is not considered a disease but it can act as a symptom of developing the disease. Such a protective reaction may occur in oncological pathologies, digestive disorders, head injuries, poisoning.
For this reason, vomiting in a child after eating causes severe anxiety in the parents, and if we talk about the many vomit attacks, moms and dads fall into a real panic. Why vomiting occurs in a child after eating and what should parents do in this case?
Food as a cause of vomiting
Before the onset of retching the person feels its approach on the typical signs of heart palpitation, nausea, slight dizziness. Immediately after he starts to tear, it becomes much better, as the stomach is freed from the remnants of undigested food.
Therefore, the most dangerous is vomiting in infants and young children. They can't inform parents that their sick, or giving up eating because many parents force kids to eat violently.
If a child is sick after eating, in most cases, the causes can be associated with the consumption of food. Some parents can profuse vomiting after a meal to perceive the vomiting. This is because during the meal, the baby had swallowed too much air.
Causes the gag reflex can be and others:
- Overeating, especially heavy meals.
- Parents force the child to eat by force.
- Eating too fatty foods.
- Introduction to child nutrition a new food product.
- Allergic to certain foods.
In such cases there may be occasional vomiting immediately after eating, General condition and health of the child does not deteriorate. Special treatment is required, all you need to do to the parents – to correct the food for your kid. But if retching occur after each meal, this may indicate the development of certain diseases.
Vomiting as a symptom of the disease
Repeated vomiting that occurs after each meal can be a symptom of pathological processes in the child's body. These conditions include:
- diseases of the gastrointestinal tract – gastritis, ulcer, intestinal infection;
- food poisoning resulting from the consumption of substandard or expired products or toxic chemical substances;
- appendicitis, inflammation of the gallbladder and pancreas;
- motion sickness (sea-sickness) with a weak vestibular apparatus;
- meningitis, encephalitis, head injury;
- a permanent stay of the child in a nervous situation, frequent stress;
- rotavirus infection;
- pyloric stenosis;
- pneumonia, bronchitis, SARS.
Also the gag reflex when eating or immediately after it may be a reaction to the change in climatic conditions. In such cases, it may be and vomiting in a child 3 hours after a meal. This is due to the fact that the body has not had time to adapt to new surroundings, as is expressed in the protective response.
Symptoms of vomiting in diseases of the
If retching and nausea after eating does not cause deterioration in General health of the child or the increase in body temperature, in most cases they are caused by dietary factors. If vomiting is a symptom of developing the disease, it often adds and other symptoms that will help properly diagnose.
Food poisoning, intestinal infections often arise numerous retching, accompanied by diarrhea and fever. Allergic reaction can also appear red spots, rash, itching of the skin.
When pyloric stenosis in a young child has intolerance to breast milk, copious vomiting after each feeding dehydration low weight gain.
If vomiting attacks provoked by acute respiratory infections, they added additional symptoms – cough, runny nose, redness of the throat, high temperature.
Acute appendicitis can be identified by such characteristics as the appearance of nausea, vomiting, sharp abdominal pain. Meningitis, encephalitis, brain injuries there are constant gagging attacks, which do not facilitate state kid. These can be added intense headaches and dizziness, convulsions.
When you need medical help
In a sudden, but isolated vomiting in a child who is not accompanied by fever or other changes in his condition, it is possible to do without calling a doctor. Most likely cause is used food or overeating. Parents need to give the baby adsorbing the drug and closely monitor his condition.
If vomiting is accompanied by bouts of fever, weakness, lethargy, be sure to show the child's pediatrician. Urgently need to seek medical help in cases when vomiting occurs several times, became feverish, the chair became liquid, or is absent for more than 12 hours.
Alsothe reason for the emergency trip to the hospital is the appearance of the feces or vomit of blood, eating a baby before the seizure of drugs, chemicals, expired canned food, or mushrooms.
The main treatment methods
Treatment of nausea and vomiting that occur in children after a meal, depends on their causes. The first thing to do is for a parent to calm down and in any case not to panic. No need to give your child any drugs until a doctor arrives. This can only aggravate his condition.
Care must be taken that the child is not dehydrated – for this he was given rehydron, warm water, solution tablespoon sugar and salt in 1 litre of warm water or weak permanganate. Liquid you should drink small SIPS every 15 minutes. In any case, no need to give the baby food – it should be solely on drinking diet at least several days after the attacks.
In rotavirus and intestinal infections the only treatment prescribed by the doctor. Food or chemical poisoning requires urgent cleansing of the stomach contents. This can give your child small portions a solution of regidron, enterosgel, wait a bit and try to induce vomiting. And be sure to call the doctor, especially if after all the events of the boy's condition has not improved.
In the case of an acute attack of appendicitis, it is necessary to call the ambulance, because delay in this case is very dangerous. You should never give your child medication, they can relieve acute attacks of pain, which significantly complicate the diagnosis.
To determine the cause of the vomiting and nausea can only be a specialist paediatrician or gastroenterologist, who will conduct all the necessary research and prescribe treatment. Parents, it is important to remember that self-medication in such cases is unacceptable.