Diarrhea and vomiting in a one year old: causes, treatment
Vomiting in a one year old occurs often enough, a phenomenon not always associated with serious diseases. Parents should know what to do when you encounter this unpleasant symptom. When properly rendered first aid can significantly aggravate the situation that will eventually lead to serious consequences. It is important to remember that first aid such children are different from adults and older children.
Causes of vomiting without fever
Vomiting without fever in year old child can begin as a result of various factors, which include:
- congenital diseases of the digestive system;
- diseases of the endocrine system;
- diseases of the nervous system;
- a mental disorder that can be due to strong emotional stress;
- excessive consumption of heavy meals.
If the baby was not yet six years old, he in rare cases, there may be regurgitation. Most often this is due to errors in the diet and excessive emotional stress.
Children who spend time away are breastfeeding, digestive problems are less than those being fed formula.
Causes vomiting with fever
If the employee's child has a vomiting and the temperature, here too, the reasons can be several:
- acute intestinal infection;
- the body can respond to the waves of nausea and a rise in temperature of the body;
- inflammation of the appendicitis;
- an allergic reaction to food or pollen.
If diarrhea and vomiting in a one year old child accompanied by a high fever, most often we are talking about rotavirus, which the younger children are highly susceptible.
A particular danger to children of any age is volvulus and appendicitis. In this case, it is necessary to address urgently to the hospital, as the treatment of these diseases often surgical.
How to help your child
Help with vomiting in a child up to 1 year, depending on the cause of this phenomenon. If retching was only a few times and the condition of the child deteriorates, it is possible to assist at home.
If vomiting and diarrhea in a child without fever, the cause may be overeating or poorly balanced diet, when the diet of many fatty and heavy meals. To normalize the status of crumbs, enough to ensure him a good drinking regime and a couple of days to follow a diet without the introduction of new food products. In the future, portions of food should be given the child's age and his physical activity.
Diarrhea in one year old which occurs without fever and vomiting – it is also a consequence of overeating. To get rid of unpleasant symptoms, we just have to adjust the diet.
A toddler is breastfed, the number of feedings mother's milk is not reduced. Reviewing only the products foods.
The urge of nausea and vomiting that are accompanied by diarrhea and high fever talking about rotavirus. In this case, the help looks like this:
- Call the pediatrician or take the patient to the infectious Department.
- Before the arrival of the physician providing your child with a drink. You can give water, fruit drinks or fruit drinks. Dairy products and concentrated juices do not give.
- Give the child the adsorbent, in a therapeutic dosage, which corresponds to the age.
- Collect documents and things baby that may be needed in the hospital.
Until the doctor gets a little carried almost vertically. This avoids zahlebyvayas vomit.
It is strictly forbidden to do gastric lavage the child up to 3 years in the home. This will lead to rapid dehydration and severe consequences. If necessary, this procedure is performed in hospital, under the supervision of medical staff.
Not all parents know what to do in case of vomiting, due to excessive nervous stress. This condition is due to a violation of the crumbs, the sudden change in situation or too active games. In young children gagging can start from experiences in the temporary separation from my mother. It happens most often when the baby before giving to the nursery.
To minimize the stress in the child, often talking and playing quiet games. If vomiting is repeated each morning before going to kindergarten, it is here. Enough to pick up the kid from preschool, or ask the caregiver to give the child more time. If the baby does not go to kindergarten, it is not necessary to break the child's psyche and force it.
Nausea, retching, itchy nose and watery eyes that are accompanied by profuse rash on the skin, talking about allergic reactions. Most often this occurs when:
- seasonal flowering plants;
- the inclusion in the diet of new food products;
- when the climate changed (travel to other countries);
- the appearance of the housepet or fish.
In this case, as first aid baby wash and wash all exposed areas of the body, but also wash out the nasal passages. After that, give antihistamines. To the allergens in the room stopped to hover in the air, can sprinkle in all the rooms spray – this allows you to stop an attack. Before you give your beloved cat or dog in good hands, in connection with allergic attacks have the baby, you need to find out what all the same allergies.
Reaction to high temperature
In some children the body reacts by vomiting high temperature, which is the result of acute respiratory diseases. This is due to the mass death of pathogenic germs and General intoxication. In this case, first aid is the falling child, in some cases, it is permissible to give the adsorbents. If the body temperature exceeded 38.5 degrees, then you need to give antipyretic drugs.
For a sick child must be constantly watched, as some kids have when the temperature rises to 38 degrees convulsions. In this case, the antipyretic is given at once.
Inflammation appendicitis in children of such an early age is rare. Parents should alert the heart-rending crying of the baby, high temperature, vomiting and pale skin. If there is the slightest suspicion of appendicitis, immediately call for an ambulance, a minute delay can cost the patient life.
Congenital diseases of the internal organs
If the child was born with some abnormalities, it is usually diagnosed in the first days of life. However, occasionally, there are cases when such diseases show parents the growth of the baby. If something causes concern or appears strange, you should immediately contact the clinic.
If necessary, the doctor will prescribe a series of tests and will be able to identify the cause of disorders. Many congenital diseases of the internal organs are successfully treated by surgery. And the sooner the operation the better the prognosis.
What not to do at home
There are some things that are strictly forbidden to do before the arrival of the doctor with vomiting year-old child:
- Not to wash a small child's stomach at home.
- Do not attempt to feed the baby immediately after the vomiting attack.
- It is forbidden to give a small child any medication except fever and adsorbents.
- You may not use the recipes of traditional medicine for infants.
- You cannot restrict drinking to the baby.
- Never leave baby even for a few minutes one, he needs to be supervised by an adult.
Vomiting in a one year old always brings a lot of exciting moments for parents. However, do not panic and very nervous, often the reason is in the bias supply or rotavirus. If the kid gets worse with every minute that no doctor can not do.