What to do if sick child, but there is no vomiting
Nausea in a child can be caused by several factors. In 95% of cases this malfunction of the digestive system. Less nausea happens when the Central nervous system. The character of the course of the child's condition is satisfactory with a slight indisposition, average weight with additional symptoms (fever) and severe (the child is in a semi-conscious state). What to do if a sick child, what are the ways to assist at home?
The symptoms of pathological conditions
Nausea is not a disease. This is a symptom that accompanies the disease, or lesions of the internal organs and systems.
The main symptom of nausea is the discomfort and unpleasant sensations in the stomach, which children suffer painfully. The condition spreads through the upper digestive tract – the esophagus, the throat. In the throat there is a feeling of a lump, about the urge to vomit without vomiting.
Against the background of sickness a child has been deterioration of General health. Growing weakness, decreased physical activity, there is a headache. The desire to pull out only worsens the condition as the absence of vomiting does not bring relief.
Nausea in children may be accompanied by additional pathological features:
- digestive system – vomiting, diarrhea, excessive salivation, pain in the epigastric region;
- nervous system – the darkening of the eyes, dizziness, drowsiness, rapid breathing and pulse, shallow breathing, feeling short of breath;
- symptoms of intoxication – weakness, increased sweating (especially in infants), fevers, clammy and cold skin, low-grade fever in children the first year of life a weight loss.
How to understand when a sick child who can't explain his condition? Baby always cranky, refuses to eat. The General condition of the restless, periodically appears causeless weeping, during which the baby is sweating intensely. While hands and feet cold to the touch.
The causes of nausea in children
If the intensity of nausea are minor and overall the condition is good – this is a functional disorder of the digestive system. Cause – error in the feed:
- systematic overeating;
- products that are not appropriate age category;
- substandard infant formula;
- incorrect introduction of complementary foods;
- heavy foods – fatty, fried, smoked, salted, marinated, excess seasonings and spices;
- violation of the regime of feeding;
- the use of exotic dishes and products.
Functional disorders causing nausea, associated with the immaturity of the child's body. This condition occurs as a result of lack of pancreatic enzymes, insufficient receipt of bile into the duodenum.
The second most frequent cause of food poisoning or acute intestinal infection. In these cases, nausea and vomiting in a child are the main symptoms. By their intensity and character, the extent of lesions of the gastrointestinal tract. Pathology develops as a result of the ingestion of spoiled food contaminated with bacteria (Staphylococcus, Streptococcus, dysentery). Food poisoning is not always accompanied by joining of the enteric infection and differs from it in that the child is not high temperature, abundant repeated vomiting or diarrhea, dehydration and severe intoxication of the organism.
Other causes of nausea in a child:
- Nausea as a side effect in the medication.
- A weak vestibular system, which for children is the norm. Nausea in children appears while driving, in public transportation (motion sickness). It can also occur when a sharp change of position of the body in that case, if the child is weakened during a long illness.
- Prolonged healing diet.
- Brain injuries – contusion, concussion, compression.
- Common cause in children of preschool and younger school age – the sun or heatstroke.
- Internal diseases – gastritis, pancreatitis, cholecystitis, dyskinesia (blockage) of the bile ducts, malignant tumor, infection.
- The ingress of a foreign body in the stomach.
First aid to a child with the symptoms of nausea
Diagnostics, tactics of first aid and the elimination of symptoms depends on the kind of nauseathat are classified according to their origin:
- Reflex after eating.
- Toxic – as a result of exposure to poisons, toxic substances, pathogens.
- Vestibular – disruption of the vestibular system (responsible for coordination).
- Brainstorming – with somatic and infectious diseases of the brain.
- Metabolic – metabolic disorders, vitamin deficiency.
General principles of first aid
If the child is over 2 years old, and he feels relatively normal, to cope with nausea can own. Baby you need to call to the house pediatrician for inspection and recommendations for further action. If the child's condition is severe, is accompanied by additional symptoms (the child begins to tear) and is rapidly deteriorating, it is necessary to call an ambulance, regardless of agevictim.
Baby to bed, release from tight clothes. The skin of the face, neck, chest, hands wiped with a towel dampened with warm or cool water. If a child worried about a chill, cover it with a warm blanket or quilt. While nausea is not necessary to force a child to eat something. Foods will irritate the mucosa, and increase the discomfort.
If nausea comes after eating, you can try to induce vomiting. It will significantly improve the child's condition. For it to drink 1-2 cups of water in a short time, to sit on a chair, then on the tongue to press two or one finger (depending on the age of the child) and trigger a gag reflex. This procedure is not for babies, as there is a great risk of getting vomit in the respiratory tract.
Absolutely not induce vomiting if the nausea provoked by head injury. It will not bring relief and will only aggravate the condition of the baby.
Tactic of parents with nausea of a certain type
Treatment depends on caused nausea reasons. The first action is the elimination of precipitating factor:
- the refusal of food;
- the abolition of the medicinal product;
- removal of warm clothing;
- termination of exposure to the sun;
- stop and exit the vehicle for fresh air.
Nausea occurs due to insufficient breakdown of food into proteins, fats and carbohydrates. Therefore, the child should enzymes. These are preparations of natural origin, safe for the health of babies, do not have serious side effects. They improve digestion and assimilation of nutrients.
Available preparations tablets and capsules. Tablets covered with a special shell that does not dissolve in the stomach. This is necessary to ensure that the enzymes were in the duodenum. Only in this case they will be effective. Therefore, to crack or crush the tablets impossible.
Preparations of the pancreas:
Kids who may not be able to swallow, give the drug CREON. It comes in capsules, the contents of which are small granules coated with an insoluble in gastric juice by the shell. The drug can be given along with milk, formula and any other food.
You can give a child with nausea without vomiting antacids. They gently envelop the walls of the stomach, relieve irritation, reduce the acidity. Antacids cropped symptoms such as heartburn, feeling of bitterness in the mouth, abdominal discomfort. Most of the drugs available in the form of a suspension or powder for cooking, at least in tablets.
List of drugs:
- Aluminium phosphate gel.
Quickly deal with nausea help folk remedies. Babies first year of life give dill water. It is possible to prepare yourself, but you need to stick to the recipe. It is better to buy at the pharmacy are ready granules in sachet and dissolve them according to the instructions and give the child during the day. It relieves nausea, cramps, is a mild laxative and diuretic.
- Dill water.
- Baby instant teas based on fennel - "HIPP", "Baby", "Bebivita", "Humana".
Children of school age, if they nauseated, you can offer green tea with a slice of lemon. Also get rid of the unpleasant symptoms decoctions lemon balm or peppermint, tincture of orange peel.
Poisoning or acute intestinal infection
In this case, you can give the child the nausea some, but it will be ineffective because the infection is always accompanied by vomiting. Moreover, the drug can accelerate its appearance.
On the background of intoxication in children is rapidly developing dehydration. Fluid loss is dangerous to a small body. Therefore, at the stage of first aid key action is providing the child with plenty of fluids. You need to drink a warm liquid, often in small SIPS, so she had time to be absorbed in the stomach. You can not drink in one gulp and in large quantities, it will cause additional vomiting and increase dehydration.
For the liquid, the child can be offered any water (purified, mineral), juice, water, diluted juice or juice, hot tea. The abundant moisture supply in the body will reduce the toxicity and reduce the symptoms of nausea, headache.
Head injuries and brain diseases
In traumatic brain injuries is contraindicated to give the child any traditional remedies for nausea. The mechanism of development of this symptom is not associated with the activity of the digestive tract, and so all the drugs will be ineffective.
If there is serious brain damage, and nausea and retching the child's present all the time, appoint such drugs:
These drugs are potent antipsychotic drugs to many side effects. They are appointed only the doctor. Inthe free sale in pharmacies of these drugs are not. They require a prescription.
Helping a child with motion sickness in transport
If the child is car sick, you should immediately stop, open the window, the warm season is better to go outside. To unbutton the robe, the top two buttons on the shirt or jacket, loosen the collar. To ensure maximum access to fresh air.
Offer water to drink. If there are no obvious urge to vomit, you can give the child a nausea Lollipop. Face and neck wipe with a damp hypoallergenic (not scented) wipes. You can continue your journey in that case, when the nausea will recede, and the health of the child improves.
Retching without vomiting, the child is often faced by parents throughout the period of growth and maturation of children. To provide first aid, you need to analyze and evaluate the state of the baby. If there is a suspicion on the seriousness of the problem, not to self-medicate but to consult the pediatrician or call an ambulance.