What foods can cause salmonellosis – source of infection
Salmonellosis is an intestinal infection that is widespread, especially in the summer. The source of infection often become the food that have bacteria. Agents is the large number of species of bacteria from a number of Salmonella. Any disease easier to prevent than to treat, so the question arises, what foods can cause Salmonella?
The main symptoms of infection
During infection with human pathogenic bacteria begin to grow rapidly in number, resulting in the body produce toxins. The disease is accompanied by significant fluid loss, which leads to a strong intoxication. Signs of Salmonella poisoning: headache, weakness, fever, vomiting and diarrhea. However, these symptoms can be other diseases, because the need to diagnose.
Ways of infection
The disease is mainly typical for people with weak immune systems, they are often sick children. Know the different ways of Contracting Salmonella.
Food as a source of infection
Food is the main source of infection in salmonellosis. And cause disease can essentially all products are taken as food. Infection of the body is the impetus for the development of the disease. A favorable environment for the development of the pathogen are protein foods. For example, meat products ranks first among infections and accounts for 70-75 percent.
Second place goes to dairy, fish and egg dishes. However, plant products due to unfavorable conditions of reproduction of bacteria, is a rare source of infection in salmonellosis. Foods that are the most susceptible to infection, must undergo a mandatory heat treatment and be served in the form of warm or hot first and second courses. In case of long storage of food the number of bacteria of salmonellosis increases, thereby increasing the risk of Salmonella poisoning.
Contact-social interaction as the source of infection
As with other infections of the intestine, the disease salmonellosis can occur when in contact with a healthy person sick. It is known that the Bacillus of salmonellosis excreted through the feces of the patient only. In this case, it is unlikely transmission from person to person. Infection occurs mainly by dirty hands, poor hygiene. Most susceptible to disease susceptible people are immunocompromised, and those who have comorbidities and for elderly people.
Carriers of bacteria and are favorite Pets: kittens, cats, dogs, turtles and hamsters. So after communicating with their four-legged friends, be sure to wash hands and it is advisable not to kiss their Pets.
Infection with Salmonella usually do not have a mass character. Disease of large groups of people happens in inpatient treatment of weak and premature babies.
Water as a source of infection
Infection with Salmonella occurs through water, in the case where the source of the Salmonella gets into the water in the form of excrement of infected animals or the feces of sick people. Water is an unfavorable environment for the propagation and concentration of pathogenic bacteria, therefore it contains a small amount. Poisoning Salmonella this way in humans is rare, it is typical mainly for the animals.
The mixture of water and dust as a source of infection
Transmission of salmonellosis through dust poses a threat to the people who bred pigeons and relative to other birds. In strong winds it is possible to spray the excrement of pigeons that live near humans, which may lead to the infection to nearby areas. Bacillus infection have the ability long time to remain and multiply in the litter of birds. Violation of ventilation in buildings can also cause poisoning bacteria Salmonella. In children's infectious hospitals, sometimes even in the air determine Salmonella.
Salmonellosis, as with all intestinal diseases that are not spread by airborne droplets, this circumstance is taken into account when developing preventive measures.
Prevention of the disease salmonellosis through food
Sanitary-veterinary measures to ensure normal conditions in the slaughter of cattle or poultry, in the process of butchering, the implementation of special regime in the food industry, are the backbone of prevention of the disease salmonellosis. Employees of kindergartens, medical and health institutions, food companies when applying for a job, and periodically, according to the rules, should get a check-up, with mandatory bacteriological testing by the Deposit of cultures.
Prevention of the disease
Any disease is always easier to prevent than to treat, so you need to follow a few simple rules:
- It is good to wash your hands in disinfectant before eating, coming in from the street, while cooking, after you exit the dressing room and after the cleaning for the homePets.
- Not to buy food with it, in the spontaneous markets, with the last expiration date, low quality.
- To use different boards and knives for cutting raw and cooked products.
- Store raw and cooked food separately, preventing their contact, since the food is cooked according to the norms, can be infected by contact with raw products.
- Wash poultry well eggs, with soap, before use. Do not use raw, and boil not less than 5-7 minutes after the start of boiling of water.
- Water and can't drink milk without heat treatment.
- Products with low shelf life keep in a cool place, observing the terms of storage.
- Meat products stored in the refrigerator before eating necessarily subjected to heat treatment.
- Cooking is an important and responsible process. Heat treatment must be performed at a temperature of 80-85 °C is not less than 10 minutes.
- Cold dishes and salads ready to be stored no more than an hour and a half, in salads, you need to monitor the cleanliness of hands and utensils.
At the enterprises of public catering and at home must strictly comply with all sanitary and hygienic rules for the preparation of products and cooking.
Infection salmonellosis is manifested 6-72 hours of ingestion of pathogenic bacteria in the human body. In some cases, the incubation period ranges from three hours to a week. With rapid diagnosis and qualified treatment of the infection is usually overcome in 5-10 days. Salmonellosis is characterized in that can occur asymptotically or very serious, the person may not be sick, but to be a carrier of infection to others.
The disease salmonellosis is imperative to treat under the careful supervision of an infectious disease physician. In the acute form the patient hospitalitynet infection in hospital. Immunity after salmonellosis weakens, resulting in the disease may be accompanied by different complications – gastritis, hepatitis and cholecystitis.