As rotavirus infection is transmitted from person to person
Rotavirus infection is an infectious disease that is a consequence of the ingestion of rotavirus. It is expressed in a variety of failures on the part of the digestive system and ENT organs. Diarrhea, vomiting, sore throat, fever – all the symptoms of this unpleasant ailment. Usually the acute phase disease in 3-5 days. How is rotavirus infection? Tract infection lot: dirty hands, contaminated water, food, and household items of General use.
Rotavirus – a particle of the genus Rotavirus, which can survive in different weather conditions: be it the strongest cold or exhausting heat, he'll survive. To get rid of the virus particles is extremely difficult, since neither antibiotic treatment nor frost, nor ether or chloroform does not kill them. In natural bodies of water rotavirus can live up to several months and the food and the surfaces it can live up to a month. That he is dangerous, that re-infected them is quite simple. The only method of dealing with rotavirus infection is the boil, as the serotypes of rotavirus to be afraid of water, heated to one hundred degrees Celsius.
Ways of infection rotavirus infection
The greatest danger for infection is a sick man infection. The body is released from rotavirus is via the fecal stool, so it is most likely to become infected from the carrier as soon as he got sick and at the end of the acute phase of the disease, which occurs after 5 days. Viral particles having the stomach flu can leave the body for about three weeks. Health workers who are usually just carriers, so as to continuously have contact with the infection may excrete virus in the feces for several months.
Rotavirus is transmitted from person to person, so called fecal-oral route. Possible ways to infect more than enough:
- contact-household. Rotavirus infection gets into the human body through the use of common household items with an infected person through unwashed hands;
- water and alimentary. Infection occurs through water, which could get virus particles from vomit or faeces of carrier. Contamination of tap water – the main reason for the spike of incidence. Rotavirus infection can long exist in foods, especially in milk and in dairy products. In this way the virus enters through the mouth into the unprotected body with food and water.
After a man suffered a stomach flu, it produces antibodies, which for some time do not allow re-infection. However, this is not chickenpox, the recurrence which is observed in a few cases – against rotavirus, there is no such thing as a developed immunity, so using it in about a year and a half you can get infected with the same serotype. Antibodies are long, but the elderly and children can and do get infected again almost immediately after an illness. Only good news is that the disease is caused by re-infection is easier.
Rotavirus is so contagious, capable of infecting organisms not only through the use of common household facilities, but also through the handrails in public transport, through the door handles, using money , etc. will be Enough a single touch of the dirty hands that got rotavirus, mouth and infection secured. On the question of whether the rotavirus is transmitted by airborne droplets, there will be a positive response. Yes, it is expected that they can be transmitted through sneezing or close contact with an infected person.
One of the very interesting facts about the disease is that the infection may appear first at the person who caught it later than that from which infection occurs. That is, for example, coming home in a few hours after infection and using the common towel, which brought the infection inside the young man can detect the symptoms of the disease later than a child, an elderly person or person with weak immunity who lives with him.
The most acute phase incubation period of rotavirus lasts approximately 16 hours of ingestion of viral particles into the body. First, there has been a sharp increase in temperature after appear bloating and cramping in the digestive tract and as a result, vomiting and diarrhea. All of these reactions occur at lightning speed, one after another. In some cases, especially in children, there are pains in the throat, so sometimes the etiology of these symptoms together at once obscure and intestinal flu can be easily confused with angina.
Epidemiological exacerbation is observed in the cold season, but the disease has no concept of seasonality, as the flu virus, so it can be transmitted year-round. Doctors suspect that the jump in incidence during the cold months connected with lack of necessary amount of vitamins for proper immune resistance to rotavirus infection.
In the first days of the disease the symptoms of rotavirus infection are very pronounced and very unpleasant. Main features:
- high fever, chills and body aches;
- incessant vomiting, diarrhoea with sour smell;
- cramps and spasmodic pains in the stomach andintestines;
- constant flatulence and gurgling in the abdomen;
- weakness, lethargy, lethargy, unwillingness to eat and drink;
- pale skin, dry mucous membranes and cracked lips;
- white coating on the tongue;
- mild dry cough;
- swelling of the nasal mucosa;
- severe throat pain;
- inflammation of the tonsils;
- enlargement of lymph nodes.
As for very young patients have them on the basis of infection with rotavirus can develop otitis media, rhinitis or pharyngitis.
The disease is very dangerous for children under one year, as threatening dehydration that may even lead to death, so it is very important to fluster the kid, if he refuses the breast or formula. Breastfeeding, by the way, is one of the preventive measures when there is a risk of infection.
Prevention of rotavirus itself is not something that does not exist, and it simply may just be not enough to catch the disease. All because of the amazing durability of viral particles to various weather conditions, and the ability to adapt to natural features of any area. In addition, outside the body the virus feels quite comfortable and long lives for furniture, dishes, food and water.
Compliance with sanitary and hygienic rules
One of the mandatory preventive measure is isolation of the patient for a period of about two weeks. If the illness is severe, for example, in the stool of the patient detected by the impurities of the blood, the temperature reaches 39, and the vomiting continues, then hospitalization is required!
If the infection does not manifest itself too aggressive, and the conditions allow, you can wait for recovery, limiting home care. In the room where the patient should be wet cleaning with the addition of disinfectants. It is recommended to remove all the unnecessary items from the room of the infected, to limit his contact with them.
The basic rule is compliance with sanitary and hygienic norms. First infection occurs in children as due to their age they are too scattered and are not accustomed to hygiene. Noticing among children the symptoms that are characteristic of rotavirus, an adult should try to isolate the infected child, and then boil or boil items and textile things, with whom he had contact.
Personal hygiene plays an important role, so from an early age you need to explain to the child how important it is to wash their hands after using the bathroom, and to not to forget to follow this rule. If a baby is sick, then after washing your hands will need special treatment of their disinfectant alcoholic solution or gel. Though the virus and are resistant to various disinfectants, to be safe and wiped out hands with antibacterial wipes after transport is not exactly hurt. To wash clothes the best soap as it helps to get rid of particles deposited on it.
During periods of seasonal exacerbations, when more and more cases of rotavirus infection, it is better to refrain from eating and snacking in eating places. Fruits and vegetables must be scalded after washing, as it is the only thing that I'm afraid of the particles of this virus. In addition, it will not hurt to switch to drinking boiled water.
If in a kindergarten group or school have been documented cases of infection with rotavirus, while cleaning all surfaces should be treated with chlorine solutions. Offices and other working institutions are no exception in this case.
Rotavirus should not be underestimated. In the absence of adequate treatment, complications from the gastrointestinal tract, respiratory system and circulatory system will not keep itself waiting. Statistics say that the mortality from gastric flu ranges between 2-3 percent. Therefore, there is nothing easier than to observe the rules of personal hygiene and to teach children to respect them from an early age, because the route of transmission of rotavirus infection in some way connected with the inadequate treatment of the hands and household items.