Enterofuril when rotavirus in children: instructions for use
Rotavirus is one of the most common diseases faced by children. So the question is, how to help your child and what drug more efficient, relevant for parents. Specific treatment of viral infection does not exist. Therefore, pharmacological drugs are prescribed to reduce the severity of symptoms. Enterofuril when rotavirus in children quickly removes vomiting and diarrhea.
How the drug affects the body of a child
Enterofuril – this antimicrobial drug. The main active substance is nifuroxazide. It reduces the activity of pathogenic microorganisms that cause disorders of the digestive system of the child, and stops their reproduction, neutralizes endotoxins.
The drug does not disrupt the balance of beneficial microflora of the intestine, does not irritate the mucous membrane, so it is prescribed to babies. If severe diarrhea restores the quantitative and qualitative composition useful lactic acid bacteria in the lower GI tract. Enterofuril when rotavirus is also the prevention of a bacterial superinfection (re-infection of the child's body). Drug nesformirovannost stimulates the immune system.
When taking the drug orally in the first days of the disease in a child decreases the frequency and intensity of diarrhea. If the patient's condition is mild, the symptom takes place on day 5. Mild course of the disease, the diarrhea disappears in 2-3 days, leaving signs of dehydration – thirst, dry mouth, normal urination.
At the beginning of the disease in children often vomiting in infants vomiting after every meal. Enterofuril quickly eliminates this symptom. Along with the main symptoms the drug helps to get rid of nausea, heartburn, belching.
During rotavirus infection in young children can observe bloating, flatulence and intestinal colic. When you receive enterofuryl these pathological States are.
The drug is not absorbed in the mucosa, and acts only in the lumen of the small intestine and colon. Excreted unchanged with feces.
Method of production
Enterofuril produced in the form of capsules and a syrup (suspension). The capsules contain 100 and 200 mg of active ingredient. Contents – yellow powder, sometimes there are small inclusions, that is normal and does not affect the activity of the drug. Also, the powder can be compacted into small granules, which in mild physical impact immediately fall.
Capsules 100 mg are available in blister packs (10 PCs), 200 mg blister (8 PCs.). In carton quantity of blisters from 2 to 4.
Children's Enterofuril suspension designed according to physiological characteristics of young patients. The color is yellow, with the addition of flavoring (banana). Available in bottles of dark glass, with a volume of 90 ml. In each package there is a measuring spoon.
Regimen of the drug in children of different ages
Enterofuril during rotavirus infection prescribed to children from 1 month of life.
The drug does not depend on food intake. Medication you can drink with other pharmacological agents, it does not have adsorption properties, and therefore does not reduce the activity of chemicals.
Before use, the bottle should be thoroughly shaken. Then pour into a measuring spoon tedious amount of slurry (graduations on the plastic spoon 2.5 and 5 ml).
|No.||Age||The volume for a single dose||Reception frequency|
|1||From 1 month to six months||2.5 ml||2 times a day every 12 hours, in severe – 3 times a day every 8 hours|
|2||From 6 months to 2 years||2.5 ml||4 times a day, with an interval of 4-6 hours|
|3||From 2 to 7 years||5 ml||3 times a day every 5-6 hours|
|4||Children from 7 years and adolescents||5 ml||every 4 hours|
The maximum rate of treatment suspension should not exceed 1 week.
Capsules can be assigned to a child for 3 years now.
If the baby is physically unable to swallow the capsule, then give this form of drug you should not. It should be replaced with syrup. Any taking the capsules a child, regardless of age, should take place in the presence of an adult (parents, medical personnel) and under his strict control.
Capsules of 100 mg are assigned according to the following scheme:
- children 3 to 7 years – 1 cap morning, afternoon, and evening;
- children from 7 to 12 years – 2 drops 3 times a day (every 4 hours);
- children of 12 years and teenagers – for 2 drops 4 times a day.
Capsules of 200 mg to assign children up to 7 years desirable, but if necessary a valid. The destination schema:
- children 3 to 7 years – 1 cap morning and evening;
- children from 7 to 12 years – 1 cap 3 times a day;
- children от12 years and adolescents: 1 drop every 4 hours but not exceeding 800 mg per day.
Overdose, and side effects
Enterofuril not absorbed in the mucosa of the gastrointestinal tract and does not get into the bloodstream of the child. For this reason, signs of overdose in pediatric patients have not been recorded. If the dose was exceeded or the child opened the bottle and drank some amount of suspension, prevent side effects to gastric lavage and appoint symptomatic treatment.
Side effects are rare. From the digestive system of the child may increase nausea, repeated vomiting. The kids have a discomfort in the abdomen, in the navel area.
As the child's immune system is not strong enough, drugs can cause short-term allergic reactions. When you receive enterofuryl sometimes there allergic skin rashes – dermatitis, urticaria.
Children weakened by chronic diseases, while high doses of the drug may develop angioedema – increase of individual body parts (face, hands). In severe cases, it develops into anaphylactic shock – the reaction of immediate type Allergy. Symptoms – tinnitus, anxiety, decreased sensitivity of skin, cold extremities, loss of consciousness.
To avoid side effects in the treatment of children with enterofuryl need to follow some recommendations. If the drug is administered with the aim of eliminating diarrhea, the same time you need to carry out rehydration therapy to combat dehydration. Infants it is advisable to appoint intravenous infusion of saline solutions. Children from two years to prepare electrolyte solutions for drinking. For this purpose use special soluble powders for oral rehydration.
During the entire treatment enterofuryl is important to continuously monitor the General condition of the child. If in a young patient have shortness of breath, chills, breathing became frequent and shallow, should immediately stop taking the drug. These symptoms are talking about the hypersensitivity of the body to the ingredients.
Enterofuril not appoint newborns, premature and underweight babies.
Fructose intolerance, which is an inherited condition. Also is a contraindication. Medication in a patient with this pathology can cause serious metabolic disorders, lead to acute kidney and liver failure, which is dangerous for the child's life.
Not appointed enterofuril in the syndrome of glucose-galactose malabsorption. It is a genetic disease associated with a mutation of certain genes. The children violated the absorption of sugars in the digestive tract. The drug contributes to the development of mental retardation, vision loss, exhaustion, and destruction of internal organs (liver cirrhosis).
The drug is contraindicated in hypersensitivity to.
Enterofuril in rotavirus infection in children is a relatively safe remedy for diarrhea, vomiting and other signs of intestinal injury. In order for treatment to be effective, the child should drink plenty of fluids – mineral water, weak tea, diluted juice, juice, compotes. At the time of treatment to reduce the amount of dairy products in the diet. So food is better digested in the fevered bowels, you can take pancreatic enzymes – CREON, Pancreatin, festal. With proper therapeutic interventions, infection symptoms gone in 3 days and on the 5th day, the child will feel healthy.