Enterovirus and rotavirus: what is the difference between these diseases
Rotavirus and enterovirus are two infectious diseases that have a lot in common. Therefore, they are often confused with each other. Most often both pathologies appear in children up to 10 years. Therefore, parents must know how to distinguish them from each other, that the treatment was correct.
What is in common between two different diseases
As a rule, carriers of both diseases are children 3-4 years old. Moreover, to protect yourself or your child from getting the virus in the body is practically impossible – it survives even under unsuitable conditions. Infection can occur as airborne and contact-household. Initial symptoms resemble the flu.
How to distinguish rotavirus from enterovirus
Despite the similarity of the disease have some differences. Consider, what is the difference between them.
The incubation period
The incubation period of rotavirus is 1-4 days, while the enterovirus it lasts 1-10 days. Although the presence of favorable conditions in the body (lowered immunity, chronic diseases), both pathologies are felt within a few hours after infection.
The occurrence of pathologies and their symptoms
Begin both diseases are very sharp and acute. However, their occurrence is different from each other. Rotavirus infection is manifested by such symptoms:
- nausea and vomiting, increase in body temperature;
- diarrhea. On the first day of the disease it's very runny, yellow color. Then it becomes more dark, klinoobrazno consistency. While the chair has a very unpleasant odor and is accompanied by severe pain in the abdomen;
- nasal congestion, runny nose, redness of the throat. Sometimes during swallowing food pain is felt;
- lack of appetite, lethargy, drowsiness, reduced work capacity.
As a rule, all children infected with rotavirus, the disease is common scenario. In the morning the child is cranky, complaining of nausea. Appetite the baby dropped. After about half an hour after the climb begins vomiting, usually with mucus. Moreover, it occurs even if the child did not eat. If he ate a little bit, in the vomit contains undigested food particles. Vomiting and diarrhoea can occur up to 20 times a day.
Then the temperature rises. It is unstable during the day, then falls, then rises again. And in the evening it can reach levels above 39 degrees. Moreover, the high temperature very stable and hard to knock it. It does not go away within 5 days.
If the child has not yet started to talk, a symptom of pain will be your baby's cries and loud rumbling in the tummy. He becomes very Moody and irritable, sleeps poorly. Possible minor weight loss. But the second and subsequent days, children sleep a lot.
What is the difference between the enterovirus and rotavirus? Enterovirus is accompanied by similar symptoms, but they manifest slightly differently:
- The first day there is a rapid increase in temperature to 39 degrees. It usually lasts about 3-5 days, after which the normal. Often, however, it may have a wavy character. That is, 2-3 days it is very high, and then drops to normal values, then again for 2-3 days increased.
- Since the replication of the virus occurs in cervical and submandibular lymph nodes, they increase.
- Temperature is accompanied by pronounced headache, drowsiness and weakness of the body.
- Nausea and vomiting usually occur during the second half of the day.
Usually when the temperature drops in the enterovirus, and all other symptoms disappear. But as soon as it rises, they come back.
The spread of the virus
Most importantly, the rotavirus enterovirus is different from the area of their distribution. When ingested, rotavirus affects only the digestive tract. No wonder it is referred to intestinal infections. But the region the spread of the enterovirus is more extensive:
- Affects the lining of the mouth and pharynx. In this case, a so-called enterovirus angina. Manifested by fever, weakness and drowsiness. In addition, the mucous membrane there are small blisters filled with fluid. When they burst, forming ulcers with a white coating. When recovery occurs, the traces of the ulcers disappear.
- The effect on the eyes. In this case, the patient develops conjunctivitis. The lesions can spread on one or two eyes. The patient has severe pain in bright light, flowing tears, swollen and red conjunctiva. Possible hemorrhage in the mucosa.
- Gets into the muscles. As a result, develops myositis, accompanied by intense pain in the muscles. Unpleasant sensations spread to the arms, legs, back, chest. In addition, the body temperature rises. In fact, as a result, and there is pain. When the temperature drops vanish pain attacks.
- Penetrates into the gastrointestinal tract. There has been a violation of the chair, it becomes liquid and has a yellow-brown color. As a rule, does not contain impurities (mucus, froth, blood). This symptom may occur along with an increase in temperature or be single.
- Affects the heart. If the virus has spread to the muscle layer begins myocarditis.If the lesion affects the heart valves, endocarditis develops. All these pathologies are accompanied by weakness, high fatigability, low blood pressure, severe pain in the chest.
- Affects the nervous system. As a result, may develop encephalitis or meningitis. Pathology is accompanied by severe pain of the head, increased temperature, nausea and vomiting, loss of consciousness. In advanced cases muscular paralysis.
- Penetrates the liver. It causes acute hepatitis, which organ is increased, there is heaviness and pain on the right side.
- Affects the skin. In this case, simultaneously appear red rash on the head, arms and chest.
- Leads to inflammation of the testicles in boys. However, this pathology usually occurs only a few weeks after appearance of primary symptoms. The disease is harmless to the body and passes quickly. Very rarely can cause lack of sperm in Mature age.
Sometimes enterovirus infection can get into the body of the child during pregnancy, if the mother is a carrier. Usually this does not affect the course of pregnancy, but in rare cases can cause spontaneous abortion.
Thus, to distinguish the symptoms of rotavirus and enterovirus is possible. Anyway, to self-medicate can, because it can lead to serious complications. Due to the fact that when rotavirus is intense vomiting and diarrhea, it can lead to dehydration. If you do not fill the liquid you happen to exhaustion, which can cause death. In the absence of qualified treatment of enterovirus illness flows into a severe form. Against this background, may occur swelling of the brain, pneumonia, respiratory failure.