Diarrhea water the adult and child: causes, treatment
Diarrhea is a rather unpleasant problem, which finds the most inopportune moment. Due to this ailment a person has to adjust their plans and to cancel the meeting. This condition is very exhausting both physically and mentally. Diarrhea water in an adult or child can be for various reasons, and often goes without any treatment after some time. But wait, when this state will pass on their own, few people want, so in the course are various medicines and folk remedies. In order not to harm their health or health of the child, it is important to know that you can use for the treatment of diarrhea.
The mechanism of occurrence of watery diarrhea
Watery diarrhea in an adult and a child is observed, if in the pathological process involved the small intestine. This may result in the use of low-quality food or penetration into the body of pathogenic microorganisms. Sometimes the amount of pathogens in the digestive tract is quite small, but the danger is not so much it as their metabolic products. In winter, the cause of watery diarrhoea are viruses, they are called rotaviruses. Get them very easily in daily life.
Causes watery diarrhoea
Diarrhea of water occurs in some cases when a violation of the digestive tract. The reasons for such States can be distinguished:
- indigestion and food stagnation in the stomach. Due to the abuse of fatty, smoked food, as well as with persistent overeating;
- mild food intoxication;
- allergic reaction to different foods, for example, individual intolerance to lactose;
- treatment some medicines – laxatives, heart or anticoagulants;
- a stressful situation or spontaneous, while watery diarrhea is a consequence of the large release of hormones into the blood;
- travelers ' diarrhea, which occurs due to the change of climate and diet. Most often, this diarrhea go away on their own after a couple of days, but if the diarrhea liquid which looks like water has been more than 3 days, you should seek the cause of this condition.
- diseases which caused by pathogenic pathogens – viruses, protozoa and bacteria. Most often it is Salmonella, dysentery or stomach flu;
- inflammatory diseases of the digestive system – peptic ulcer disease or gastritis;
- the poor performance of the digestive organs due to the lack of certain enzymes;
- disease Crohn's;
- chronic and acute poisoning by toxic substances – mercury, or lead.
In all of these situations occurs diarrhea that looks like water. It is not enough just to treat the symptoms, you need to find the cause and then carry out a comprehensive treatment.
In severe cases may need hospital treatment that would include intravenous fluids, injections and physiotherapy.
The main symptoms of diarrhea
Mild poisoning or indigestion signs of diarrhea are poorly expressed. But in this case, in addition to diarrhea, the person concerned about the abdominal pain, belching, bloating and nausea, which occasionally ends with vomiting.
Water instead of stool in an adult with severe type of poisoning is more common clinical picture is supplemented by copious vomiting, weakness and fever. Appetite is completely absent, due to which a person may be exhaustion.
Watery diarrhea quickly leads to dehydration that is very dangerous for health and life of the patient. The main signs of dehydration is the dryness of all mucous membranes and of the skin and lips. While a person has a severe thirst that cannot be satisfied, urination scanty, and the urine color is very dark. When there is dehydration, heart rate increases dramatically, blood pressure decreases.
Diarrhea water the child of younger age often leads to disruption of all major organs and systems. Due to the small age, dehydration occurs faster and to compensate for fluid loss in babies is often possible only by means of intravenous injections.
What will tell the color of watery feces
Quickly establish the reason which caused loose stools, by the color of feces:
- If the chair is there are blotches of scarlet or dark blood, this indicates severe disease of the digestive organs. In this case, often resort to medication.
- Diarrhea pronounced black color indicates bleeding in the upper gastrointestinal tract. In this state you must immediately contact a doctor;
Cause of black diarrhea can be treated by certain specific medicines, which give the fecal masses that color of bismuth or activated carbon. In this case, no treatment is carried out, the color returning to normal after the medication is given.
- When the color of white diarrhea, it indicates a lack of bile. The color of the stool is a clear symptom of hepatitis.
- Green stool indicates the reproduction in thethe digestive tract of pathogenic microorganisms – protozoa, viruses and bacteria.
- If diarrhea has a yellow tint, then it can be said that the most favorable prognosis. This color says about typical indigestion and increased motility of the digestive organs. Watery diarrhea yellowish completely can be treated at home.
- When the chair, like water, child or adult, it is likely to ordinary indigestion, and not cholera, according to some people.
Cholera diarrhea is watery, but it's more like a concentrated rice water. Feces smell sweet and quite reminiscent of the smell of feces.
In many cases to identify the exact cause of the diarrhea helps a number of laboratory tests and research. But this does not mean that pay attention to accompanying symptoms is not necessary. They allow to make the preliminary diagnosis and to prescribe treatment before the arrival of the results of all tests.
The General condition of the body with watery diarrhoea
In adult patients with normal body weight diarrhea water is not dangerous, but only if it lasts no more than a day. In children, especially younger age, prolonged diarrhea leads to dehydration. In serious cases it can cause irreversible and fatal.
Once the baby diarrhea, it is necessary to begin soldering in divided portions, but very often. Well suited drug regidron, which composition has all the necessary substances and microelements. But many children are reluctant to drink this foul-tasting solution. Moreover, some kids regidron provokes vomiting. If the child can not drink this medicine, it is not necessary to force it. To cope with the task will help the broth with rice and raisins or a drink of lemon slices with honey.
If you are experiencing diarrhea whitish water, resembling rice water, it is possible to suspect cholera. In this case, the falling will give nothing, the patient needs to be hospitalized immediately. In the treatment of cholera by intravenous fluid poured in large volumes.
If the state of a person with watery diarrhea worsens or new symptoms appear, call a doctor.
Methods for the treatment of diarrhea
For the treatment of watery diarrhea use different methods, which are aimed at slowing the motility of the digestive organs and the rapid elimination of toxic substances from the body.
Quickly cure diarrhea is impossible without the use of sorbent preparations. These medicines can gently and painlessly remove from the body toxic substances and pathogenic microorganisms. They facilitate the adsorption of gases, which reduces bloating and associated pain.
Doctors recommend giving sorbents as drugs of first aid in various poisoning and intestinal infections. But we must not forget that the interval between administration of sorbents and other medications should be around 1.5 hours, otherwise the medication will be ineffective. Diarrhea water is treated using the classical activated carbon and smektoj.
Medications to reduce mucus in the intestine
Will help to cure diarrhea water and medicines that reduce the secretion of mucus in the intestines. Such medications are recommended to start drinking from the first day of diarrhea. On the pharmacy shelves you can find a large range of such medicines to gently relieve inflammation from the walls is sulfasalazine, indomethacin or diclofenac. Such medicines can only be used for the treatment of adult patients, for younger children, this drug group is assigned only in exceptional cases.
A number of medicinal plants which have astringent characteristics that will help in the short term to get rid of the unpleasant condition. You can apply the pharmacy chamomile, cinquefoil, oak bark, buckthorn bark or cherry. The treatment is carried out with the help of decoctions of this vegetation. Drink a lot of them once a day until the normalization of the General condition.
In that case, if the cause of watery diarrhea was the indigestion, will help enzyme preparations. They stimulate the production of gastric juice and help digest even heavy food. To restore the suction function will help Mezim, CREON, or festal.
To reduce intestinal motility will help Antidiarrhoeal funds. In the selection of these medicines you should consider the original cause of the disease. So, when watery diarrhea is most often prescribed and Imodium lopedium, but these drugs are not suitable for the treatment of diarrhea, which is caused by intestinal pathogenic bacteria.
You can't start drinking antidiarrheal remedies at the first urination in the toilet. In this case the harmful bacteria and viruses linger in the body and will interfere with recovery.
This group of medications is often appointed by doctors in the treatment of watery diarrhea, but only after passing all the necessary tests. If the treatment of diarrhea other methods not give the result, then the patient is prescribed antibiotic of large spectrum of action. In this casecarefully calculate the dosage based on patient weight and severity of the condition.
These drugs have a pronounced antimicrobial action. They work only in the intestine and completely absorbed into the bloodstream. Has a devastating effect on E. coli, streptococci, staphylococci, Salmonella and Shigella. On intestinal microflora, have no impact. The most common drug in this group is considered enterofuril. At the same time, Interix effectively combats dysentery Bacillus and fungi.
Such funds help in the short term to cope with watery diarrhea, because it is unpleasant condition is always accompanied by a disruption of the normal intestinal microflora. For stabilization of the condition prescribed lineks, hilak or enteral.
Regardless of the reasons, which triggered diarrhea, you must strictly adhere to the diet. Children with watery diarrhoea should never eat the following products:
- fried and fatty foods;
- broths of fatty meats;
- fatty fish in any form;
- whole milk and fatty dairy products;
- cabbage, cucumbers, tomatoes;
- mushroom dishes;
- fresh cakes and pastries.
The patient can not drink carbonated beverages, concentrated juices and any alcoholic products, including beer. All this is bad for irritated stomach wall.
All the food is prepared exclusively for a couple or in the oven, with minimal spices and salt. Cook soup on the second broth from lean meat. The diet should be cereals and grains that simulate the digestive tract.
When concerned about watery diarrhea, you must recall, was not whether the diet before that fatty food. If the condition cannot be linked to overeating or unbalanced diet, then you need to consult a doctor for passing necessary tests and treatment.