Vomiting of undigested foods in the child and adult
Vomiting of undigested food in a child or adult can be the consequence of previously entered foods, poor eating habits, overeating or extreme stress. In addition, this condition is observed in case of serious pathologies of the digestive system. What to do in this case and how to quickly restore normal operation of the body of interest to many people, especially parents of young children.
General description of pathology
The stomach is an organ where food is digested. The volume of the stomach of an adult can reach up to 3 liters in young children this figure is much less. Food enters the stomach through the esophagus and is decomposed into separate elements – protein, fat and carbohydrates. If the body needs energy, the brain signals the stomach, which starts to increase the level of hydrochloric acid necessary for digestion. This process can proceed at different rates, carbs are able to be processed in just 2 hours, while digestion of fats can take up to 5 hours.
If the stomach stops digesting food or digesting it in full, then this condition is called dyspepsia. While there are such unpleasant symptoms as nausea, feeling of heaviness in the stomach and the sense of constant fullness. If time does not diagnose the disease and start treatment, the consequences can be quite serious.
Dyspepsia is often seen in people who abuse the semi-finished products and fast food.
The main symptoms of dyspepsia
If a person develops dyspepsia, this pathology is accompanied by such unpleasant symptoms:
- feeling of fullness of the stomach;
- constant bloating and belching;
- there are signs of stomach ulcers nausea, heartburn, recurrent vomiting and pain when the stomach is empty;
- after eating often causes pain in the sternum, in the area of the solar plexus;
- felt pain in the upper abdomen, which have nothing to do with eating food;
- a person complains of discomfort in the upper part of the spine;
- periodically observed retching that bring relief only for a short time;
- appetite firmly broken, the person often feels full, as the stomach is undigested food.
The disease can occur in different ways. Can be ulcer signs, dyskinetic and non-specific. Ulcerative for have all the signs of peptic ulcer disease, with dyskinetic for the patient feels a sense of fullness and suffers from constant burping. If the disease is nonspecific, it is observed from all the signs of both ulcerative dyskinetic movements.
Most often dyspepsia occurs without an increase in temperature. Hyperthermia can be only in case if associated infection.
The main causes of the disease
Vomiting of undigested food an adult or child can occur for many different reasons. These include:
- an unbalanced diet and a complete lack of a culture of eating;
- frequent snacking and dry food semi-finished products;
- frequent stressful situation;
- intolerance to certain foods.
Some people have discomfort occurs when you consumption of very fatty or spicy foods and alcohol, which stimulates the secretion of hydrochloric acid, thereby increasing the burden on the stomach wall.
Sometimes the violation of digestion may occur due to the violation of the hormonal balance in the body, such problem often suffered by pregnant women. Dyspepsia can occur due to disruption of the secretory glands.
Most commonly nausea and retching occur early in the morning. This suggests that employees abused by some products later in the evening. The stomach should be given time to rest, so as not to disturb the work of that body.
In addition to malnutrition, there are other causes of dyspepsia include:
- the metabolic disorder;
- the population of the stomach disease-causing microorganisms;
- low concentration of gastric secretions;
- chronic or acute gastritis.
Regardless of why there is indigestion, should immediately consult a gastroenterologist and get treatment. In addition, be sure to review the diet and set of products.
Night vomiting in the baby undigested food may be due to evening overeating or consumption for dinner is too greasy and junk food.
Type of disease and how to diagnose
Dyspepsia can be of two types – functional and organic. When the organic form of serious disorders of the digestive system does not occur, but when there are pathological functional changes in the gastrointestinal tract, so all the signs of the disease are brighter.
The diagnosis is made on the basis of complaints of the patient, careful examination and different examinations. Very often to confirm the diagnosis prescribe ultrasound examination of the digestive organs, and imaging. If there is suspicion of malignancy, the patient is prescribed x-rays.The inner part of the cavity of the stomach examined with an endoscope, often at the same time take the biopsy. Mandatory conduct a test for the presence in the stomach the particular bacteria that cause the development of ulcers.
The patient is prescribed and laboratory tests such as blood test, urine test and stool test for occult blood content, and the presence of dietary fiber.
It is worth remembering that vomiting of undigested food may indicate serious pathologies, therefore you should not postpone visit to the doctor.
Treatment of dyspepsia
It so happens that the impaired processing associated with the disease of General nature, such as flu or respiratory infection. In this case, immediately treat the underlying disease, but if dyspeptic symptoms persist, the symptomatic treatment.
To normalize the digestion of food in the stomach, the patient is prescribed a variety of medicines. In that case, if the indigestion is accompanied by constipation, then laxatives are shown, as long as the chair is normalized. If the patient was worried about the diarrhea, then the compulsory acceptance of those funds.
To quickly establish a normal work of the stomach and improve digestion, can be assigned to such drugs:
- enzymes to improve digestion;
- the histamine antagonists;
- antispasmodics to reduce pain in the digestive organs.
In addition to drugs, be sure to keep your diet. From the diet totally excludes fatty, spicy foods, as well as intermediates. After a meal can not immediately sit or lie down, it is better to calmly walk at least 20 minutes in the room or take a stroll on the street.