The weak, sick and dizzy, symptoms, causes, treatment
When a person is weak, sick and dizzy, then there is a strong case for going to the doctor. Nausea and dizziness can be the first symptom of a serious disease when disturbed function of the brain and the condition of the vestibular apparatus. Such signs cannot be allocated as a separate disease, it is only clinical manifestations. With dizziness at least once in my life encountered anyone, and this condition is not in all cases signals the beginning of a serious disease. If dizziness is accompanied by persistent nausea, the cause may be an infectious disease.
The etiology of the dizziness and persistent nausea
Dizziness is a feeling that all the objects spinning around the person. At the same time, nausea is an urge to vomit. Share two types of vertigo, Central and peripheral. Central vertigo occurs when acute or chronic diseases of the brain, such as concussions and brain contusions and hemorrhages and tumors of various types.
Nausea, dizziness, weakness, headache were observed in the presence of several serious diseases. These include:
- tick-borne encephalitis;
- persistent violation of cerebral circulation;
- cervical osteochondrosis;
- poisoning with poor-quality food;
- injury of the middle ear;
- increased intracranial pressure;
- ménière's disease;
- very pronounced anaemia.
The causes of strong dizziness and nausea are rooted in the treatment of certain medications. This condition is caused by typical side effects.
If the adult or child concerned about the dizziness and General weakness that accompanied by nausea is a reason to go to the hospital. Only an experienced doctor will be able to appoint a number of studies and on their basis to make the correct diagnosis and then prescribe treatment. Self-medication in this case, just lost time.
Physiological causes of nausea and dizziness
The reasons for this disorder is not always associated with disease. Sudden dizziness and vomiting may be the result of severe stress. In this condition the blood at the same time large quantities of adrenaline, and significantly narrow the blood vessels, including those located in the brain.
Another reason is a sharp change in the situation, when a man stood up from a prone position. In addition, the causes of constant weakness and nausea often hidden in malnutrition, sometimes it's about the depletion of the human body.
For the good functioning of the brain needs a stable supply of nutrients and trace elements. When a person has an unbalanced diet, the brain sends signals about the lack of necessary substances.
Dizziness and nausea in women can talk about pregnancy or menopause. In sensitive women is nausea during menstruation, when there is a release of hormones.
A person of any age can be very dizzy and may have a nausea with a weak vestibular apparatus. This happens during transportation, especially during the period of voyages on the ship when perceptible continuous vibration. The state has been called sea-sickness.
Complaints of sudden dizziness are common in older people. Such a condition doctors attributed to aging. With increasing age, changes occur in the vessels and cells of the brain, because of this nausea and dizziness.
Recently the doctors quite often receive reports of people with symptoms of weakness, nausea and pain in the head associated with prolonged use of computer equipment and trendy gadgets. Due to static loads is greatly increased intracranial pressure, increased tone of neck and back muscles. When excessive computer use can develop low back pain.
Some of these causes do not require specific treatment, just enough to change the way of life and everything will be back to normal.
Often complaints of nausea and dizziness occur in people who suffer from migraines. The disease is characterised by severe, sometimes unbearable pain, which gives much in the head, the temples or area of the eyebrow. A fairly common disease, over 10% of people are experiencing this problem. Migraine may be inherited, usually through the female line. It is worth noting that the fairer sex suffer from this disease more often than men.
Migraine sometimes with prior neurological disorders, and without them. Shortly before the attack can dull hearing, poor vision, or to dull the sensitivity. If the migraine occurs without prior symptoms, it is characterized by continuous head pain, usually localized. Migraine often evolves over the totality of such factors as:
- stressful situation;
- excessive mental or emotional stress;
- bad habits – Smoking and excessive consumption of alcoholic beverages;
- defective sleep.
Migraineoccurs due to the narrowing or expansion of blood vessels of the brain. In addition to persistent nausea and General weakness, possible vomiting, then the person is usually a little light.
If migraine attacks occur too often, you must undergo a full medical examination with testing. This condition is sometimes observed in some cancer or in human hearts.
When a person very have a headache, a noticeable weakness and arise periodically retching, it may be encephalitis. The main vector of this infectious disease are ticks, they think, and the main reservoir of encephalitis. The infection occurs in the case of the bite of an infected insect. Most often, cases of infection recorded in spring and autumn, that time ticks more active. Contact with insects is possible in the Park and outdoors, while fishing or a quiet hunt in the woods.
When infected the person may develop encephalitis or meningitis, although often at the same time there is inflammation of the meninges, and the lesions of the gray matter. The incubation period in adults is usually about 2 weeks in young children this period is much shorter. Signs of encephalitis are:
- The increase in temperature, and this state is accompanied by a fever.
- Headache and dizziness.
- Severe pain in muscles and joints.
- The sleep disturbance.
In addition, a qualified physician notices the patient's meningeal symptoms, which primarily include the difficulty of head tilt and inability to bend his legs. The disorder is characteristic of focal forms of the disease. In this case, the victims there are cramps and abnormal sleepiness.
Most people don't know exactly what you can do if on the skin discovered a tick. These insects are much bite into the flesh, and to get them problematic. There are many folk methods for removing ticks, but better not to risk it, and immediately ask for help in any medical institution. There mite not only remove, but also sent to the study to identify whether was he a peddler of encephalitis.
When people are slightly nauseated, sick and dizzy, it could be a symptom of hypertensive crisis. This condition always requires emergency room. It is dangerous because it can cause a stroke, acute renal failure or pulmonary edema. Most often this disease inherent in older women who have stable high blood pressure. The reasons for the crisis are:
- Irregular taking drugs to normalize blood pressure.
- Sharp rejection maintenance therapy.
- Atherosclerosis of the aorta.
- Lupus erythematosus in the acute phase.
- Of chronic kidney disease.
Increase in blood pressure is due to atherosclerosis, an unbalanced diet or bad habits. If a crisis develops, the person begins nauseated noticeable weakness. The first signs are tinnitus, headache, tremors in the extremities and complaints of tachycardia. The appearance of such symptoms should call a doctor to exclude bleeding in the brain.
For some people even a small deviation from the normal pressure affects the state of health. Sensitive people react to the unstable pressure of the weather and solar activity.
Inflammatory diseases of the ear
If the adult or the child constantly nauseated and dizzy, it could be a symptom of inflammation of the middle ear. Such diseases are often triggered by pathogens and can be the consequence of infectious diseases:
- otitis media;
In addition, the causes are injuries to the head and eardrums. Patients, in addition to nausea, dizziness and weakness are concerned about the noise and pain in ears and loss of coordination and thirst. The patient sometimes loses orientation in space for 5-10 minutes, in severe cases, this condition lasts for several hours.
In rare cases, provoke persistent dizziness and nausea can Meniere's disease. In this disease in the inner ear increases the volume of circulating fluid. The main causes of this disease include:
- Injuries to the head and ears.
- Infectious diseases.
- Electrolyte imbalance in the body.
- Inadequate intake of certain hormones.
The main symptom of the disease is considered to be expressed by dizziness, which is forcing people to lie down. In this case the clumsiness and sometimes nausea and vomiting. Such unpleasant state, the person feels not all the time, and attacks that can last several minutes and more than a day. Triggers can be loud noises, stress, overeating, and smoke inhalation.
Some infectious diseases can also cause persistent nausea and dizziness. Especially often it occurs in protracteddiseases when the immune system is severely weakened. The cause of such States becomes the flu, acute respiratory infections, bronchitis or pneumonia, especially if flows with very high fever and chills.
For the treatment of infectious diseases doctors often prescribe antibiotics. If you incorrectly calculated the dosage of these medications cause the simultaneous loss of a large amount of pathogenic microorganisms that leads to the release of toxic substances. The body tries to purify themselves, through the retching and weakness as a result of intoxication.
The flu and other infections that are caused by viruses, not bacteria, should not be treated with antibiotics. No effect it will not, and will cause the resistance of the bacilli to a particular drug. In addition, you may develop a superinfection, which threatens serious pathologies.
The poisoning of food products
If the person has used substandard food, then this leads to intoxication of the whole organism. Thus affected suffer from headaches, nausea, vomiting and diarrhea. Notable weakness, dry mucous membranes and lack of appetite.
Some patients before the onset of the first symptoms of poisoning there is a feeling of heaviness in the stomach that tells about a stagnant phenomenon. Retching initially occur every few minutes, and then the intensity decreases. When the stomach is empty, the person to vomit bile, and sometimes blood. All of this suggests inflammation of the stomach wall.
Upon detection of the first signs of poisoning should contact a doctor for advice, especially if the ill child. In this case, the medical diagnosis quickly, based on survey data and prescribe the correct treatment.
Dizziness in children
The appearance of persistent dizziness in children, which is accompanied by nausea, you need to get your eyes checked by an ophthalmologist. The immature child's body reacts sensitively to any changes that occur in it. If the vision corresponds to their age, need to show the child to a cardiologist, often the cause of these pathologies become heart disease.
Examination and treatment
Before you can assign any treatment, the person is examined carefully. Diagnostic measures must include:
- a survey of the patient;
- performing encephalography;
- x-rays of the spine;
- total blood analysis and clinical;
In addition, the person at the first visit to the doctor measure blood pressure and check for meningeal signs. Patient with complaints of headache, dizziness, nausea and General weakness needs to see a therapist and a number of specialists – cardiologist, neurologist and ENT doctor. If a similar condition is observed in women of child-bearing age, they are first sent to a gynecologist to exclude pregnancy.
The manifestation of symptoms of any disease it is not recommended to self-medicate, relying only on the advice of neighbors or friends. Each person is different, therefore symptoms diseases is expressed at all different. To make an accurate diagnosis and to prescribe treatment should only by a qualified doctor.
After a full examination of the patient, the doctor can determine the cause of the disease and to appoint treatment. Don't forget that the sooner treatment is started, the faster will be noticeable result. Special care must be taken to the complaints of children on health. Sometimes parents ignore these complaints, thinking that this is fiction, so that can be skipped onset of the disease.