Black nightshade – poisonous or not, description of the plant
Small black berries can be found throughout the territory of Russia: on the edge of the roads, garden plots, river banks. People often collect these undemanding plants with black, round berries, not exactly knowing the black nightshade are poisonous or not?
There are many varieties of Solanaceae. Shrub has about 1,500 varieties, among which:
- Nightshade room. In home bred symol and loneparent that effectively helps with diseases of ENT-organs, great heal cuts.
- Poisonous nightshade, which can provoke skin reactions in contact with juice on the skin. Ripe berries are bright orange or red color.
- The red nightshade is found in Siberia, Mongolia, has red fruit.
- Black nightshade – edible species of the Solanaceae. Often used for medical purposes and cooking.
- Bittersweet nightshade also called wolfsbane. Often it is grown as an ornamental. Can bloom bright flowers. This instance is not suitable for food.
- Nightshade, sunberry – canadian blueberry with large black berries, pleasant to the taste.
- Papillary – shrub, with yellow fruit, resembling a cow's udder. Does not require special care, is very popular among gardeners.
Nightshade with black berries – an annual plant, reaching a length of up to 1 m. it Has erect stem, acute leaves that can reach up to 13 cm in length and up to 8 cm wide, flowers bright in color, gathered in umbels. It berries the size of a pea when ripe are dark purple or black color, sweet and sour taste.
The fruits are usually black, but you can meet white and greenish. Blossoms from early summer to early autumn. Does not require special growing conditions and special care is usually propagated by self-seeding, as well as using birds.
Does edible nightshade? Allowed is, not all varieties of the shrub. Most often used foods the berries of the black plants, and fresh eat them very rarely: they are very unpleasant smell. From black nightshade often make jams, jellies, sauces, jam. Ripe berries include a lot of nutrients, vitamin C, sucrose. However, immature fruits may be poisonous.
The plant belongs to healing, often used in the treatment of various diseases. The content of the Bush includes:
- organic acid;
- ascorbic acid;
In addition to the beneficial, contain poisonous components and alkaloids:
- bitter glycoside;
- solanine, which is completely absent in ripe fruits.
The taste of ripe berries are very pleasant and often used in cooking. They can be consumed raw or thermally processed into various dishes. In some countries the plant is used in pharmacology. Found use nightshade in cooking: fruits often used for making sweet desserts.
Bush successfully used in alternative medicine. It is used to eliminate certain diseases:
- disorders of the nervous system;
- increased excitability;
- convulsive syndrome;
- pain in the abdomen;
- spasms in the urogenital tract;
- skin pathologies.
In addition, folk herbalists recommend taking the juice and tincture of bushes:
- to restore the menstrual cycle;
- for getting rid of worms;
- when colds and sore throat;
- from hemorrhoids;
- at elevated pressure;
- from diphtheria.
- in the complex treatment of cancer.
Despite the fact that all parts of the plant contain the poison, they are frequently used healers, harvesting nightshade when it is flowering.
Fruits can reduce fever and have anti-inflammatory qualities, deduce the bile, promote expectoration, and remove rheumatic pains.
The shrub has a positive impact on people. Ointment on the basis of nightshade is used in various skin pathologies, long-unhealed, festering wounds, herpes, boils. In addition, the berry is used in malignant diseases of blood system, leukemia. Infusion of stems used for the treatment of diseases of the throat, reduce inflammation in the mouth.
For therapeutic purposes, used grass, berries, leaves, and ripe dark berries of a plant, which are dried indoors and stored for 6-8 years. Green berries can not be used because they contain solanine, which can cause severe intoxication.
There are many recipes for making medicinal decoctions and infusions of bushes. For the treatment uses berry broth, juice from the fruit and leaves and an ointment prepared from the leaves.
The leaves are dried, ground into a powdery condition, add vegetable or olive oil in proportion 1 to 4. The resulting ointment applied to affected skin 2-3 times a day.
The broth will help to establish the functioning of the gastrointestinal tract. In addition, the broth can be carried out gargling to treat the nose during rhinitis.5 g of dried leaves connected with 200 g of boiling water, put in a water bath for a quarter of an hour. The resulting infusion is filtered and used a teaspoon 2 times a day, morning and evening.
5 g of dried raw pour a glass of boiling water and kept for 4 hours. You need to use the infusion of 5 g 3 times per day. The composition is effective for elimination of nervous breakdowns, headaches, and also as poultices for wounds.
Fruits are filled with 60% alcohol and aged for 7 days. To accept infusion followed during colds, flu, in dermatological diseases, neuralgia, cramps in the stomach, colitis 10-15 drops daily.
Ripe berries are squeezed and diluted with water in proportion 1 to 3. Use mouthwash and during inflammatory processes of the mucous membranes of the mouth and sore throat. For the treatment of rhinitis need 2-3 drops of the solution instilled into the nose several times a day.
Use in cooking
From ripe berries desserts: jam and marmalade, making dumplings and sauces, and boiled jelly. In the Caucasus leaves of the Bush are used instead of lettuce.
To cook the jam, you will need 0.5 kg of berries, 0.6 kg of sugar, a glass of water. The fruits are plucked, placed in a container, pour hot syrup made from sugar, aged for 12 hours, after which the composition must digest until tender.
1 kg of berries – 1 kg of sugar and 400 g of water. Digest the berries until they are soft. Next, they must mix with sugar and leave on the fire until it boils away half the liquid. The resulting jam is perfect as a filling for sweet pies.
Ripe fruits rubbed through a sieve, squeeze out the juice. The remaining cake pour boiling water, brew, and tail. Part put starch and juice, wait until boiling and remove from fire.
Restrictions for use are:
- hypersensitivity to nightshades;
- the time of childbearing;
- children's age;
The Mature fruit of a shrub will not bring harm even to the child's body. Despite the fact that the fruits of the plant are edible, prolonged application of large amounts can lead to poisoning. That is why before herbal treatment is necessary to consult the attending physician.
Is it possible to poison shrub
Nightshade belongs to the poisonous plants, as it includes alkaloids which might not collapse under the influence of heat treatment. Eating unripe berries can cause injury.
In poisoning, the patient experiences the following symptoms:
- profuse salivation;
- frequent stools;
- the sore throat.
Later can join other symptoms:
- lethargy, drowsiness;
- excessive excitement;
- violation of verbal abilities, the turbidity of consciousness;
- shortness of breath;
- soreness in the abdomen;
- increased heart rate;
- convulsive disorder;
If you experience symptoms should seek help in a medical facility, gastric lavage solution of potassium permanganate, and also make activated carbon. In the case of unconscious person must be laid on their side to avoid choking on vomit.
Nightshade, like many similar plants, refers to the edible, but its use requires care: the green berries can lead to poisoning.