Poisoning in pigs: symptoms and treatment
Breeding pigs is a tough but often profitable business. But they do need special care – especially a lot of trouble delivering the young piglets. One of the common phenomena of poisoning. He exposed to any age and sex groups of pigs. How to recognize poisoning in swine, symptoms, treatment, and emergency assistance – see below.
Common symptoms of poisoning
Regardless of the type of toxic substances there is a certain group of characteristics, which will determine the toxic effects on the body. If you know how to manifest poisoning of one or another substance, it is possible to provide emergency assistance to contact your veterinarian. Symptoms include:
- depression, apathy;
- feed refusal or "perverted appetite" – attempt eating non-edible items;
- the urge to vomit;
- diarrhea, the presence in the stool of blood, foam, mucus;
- increased salivation, the appearance of foam in the saliva;
- slow or rapid heartbeat;
- change the color of the mucous membranes or the skin;
- hesitant, wobbly gait;
- changed behavior;
- dilated pupils.
If you observed more of the above symptoms, you should consult the vet. In some cases, the animal will not be able to save, but this will help keep all the livestock.
The types of poisoning in pigs
There are a few common toxins poisoning which is inherent in pigs. If you know about them, it is possible to prevent an accident. Main types of forage poisoning of pigs:
- poisoning excessive amount of salt;
- poisonous plants, eating silage, haylage and other types of herbal feed;
- the harmful substances contained in root vegetables (beets, green potatoes);
- poisoning with rat poison (protravnogo rodents from eating the grain);
- protein poisoning.
Types of poisoning can be spontaneous and seasonal. So, in the spring most often occurs poisoning table salt – excess food waste and lack of water leads to a higher content of sodium chloride in the body of pigs. Autumn brings with it the possibility of eating poor quality of roots, which also contain toxic substances.
Potato is a commonly used food for pigs. But it can be dangerous if carelessly treat the sorting of the tubers. Green and sprouted potatoes contain a poisonous substance – solanine, also present in the leaves and fruits (green berries on the aerial parts of the plant).
When injected into the body of the pig a large number of corned beef comes depression, muscle twitching, convulsions and even death.
Therefore, when feeding potatoes to pigs you need to be careful. For the same reason, it is not necessary to add to the diet, eggplant, green tomatoes and other plants from the nightshade family.
At the first signs of solanine poisoning – salivation, weakness, diarrhea, immediately stop feeding the vegetable. Then you need to make gastric lavage, give plenty of liquids and a mild laxative, suitable vaseline or castor oil.
Poisoning by beetroot
This root vegetable that contains a lot of sugar, often used as a forage plant. Fresh or boiled beet can be safely fed to pigs. But prolonged exposure to low temperatures in the pulp of root nitrite.
Do not leave boiled beets to cool in the broth, give stale tops, and a long time to dissolve the feed with the contents of the root.
When nitrite poisoning, contained in beets, there are such signs:
- the mucous membranes become jaundiced;
- the body temperature rises and your pupils dilate;
- increases salivation;
- breathing quickens, there is a General weakness.
As emergency do gastric lavage, give fluids and mucous broths.
Often poisoning in pigs caused by drugs to combat rodents. Regardless of what happened, the pig ate a poisoned rat, the food came etched from rodents grain or animal got to a sloppy spill required immediate assistance.
Symptoms of poisoning:
- shortness of breath or slowing down, difficulties when trying to breathe;
- salivation, foamy discharge from the mouth, vomiting;
- wobbly gait and loss of orientation in space;
- the change of behavior of the animal, a sharp change of mood from apathetic to aggressive;
- paralysis, cessation of some bodily functions.
If poisoning poisons to control rodents, you must first wash out the stomach, and then applying the following operations:
- soldering of milk:
- the intake of mucous broths;
- oil emulsion inside.
Poisoning with rat poison is a serious disease, so if you suspect that the pig ate the poison for rodents, you need to first provide emergency assistance, then you must contact your veterinarian.
Plants, having in its composition of toxic substances
Plants suchits composition toxins are divided into groups, each of which affects a certain system of the body:
- CNS – wormwood, henbane and other plants containing psychotropic substances;
- digestion, genitourinary system, CNS incorrectly selected and treated beets, potatoes, Euphorbia;
- respiratory and digestive system – cress, field mustard, etc.;
- cardiovascular – digitalis, kopitnik and others;
- effects on the liver – Senecio, lupine, lady's slipper.
If poisoning poisonous plants emergency aid is gastric lavage solution of potassium permanganate and the watering of mucous broths. Further treatment will appoint a veterinarian, depending on the plants that had poisoned pig.
This kind of poisoning is associated with eating large amounts of protein with a lack of fat and carbohydrates. The body of the pig needs a balanced diet, there are norms of feeding that should be followed.
Protein poisoning in pigs is manifested by lack of appetite, weakness, diarrhea. In the stool could be blood. If the animal gets food, a lot of fish, meat and bone mixtures, soy or legumes, it is necessary to diversify the diet.
Drugs, chemicals and domestic use
There are many options for getting to the feed of pigs of different pesticides. It may be getting food substances for treating plants against pests, growth stimulants for vegetables, or just an overdose of drugs.
If there are signs of poisoning by medicines or household chemicals, it is necessary, as with any poisoning, the animal to do gastric lavage and give to drink plenty of liquids in the form of mucous broths, oil emulsions.
Poor quality food
This factor is one of the most common practice of breeding pigs. Moldy roots or grain not intended for pig feed, food waste from expired shelf life can cause poisoning.
One should not treat a pig as garbage any junk food an animal requires care. Do not include in feed moldy root vegetables, especially beets, spoiled dairy and meat products.
If poisoning poor quality forages need to wash out the stomach, diet change. Also helps to drink plenty of liquids to accelerate the withdrawal of toxins from the body.
Poisoning with sodium chloride
Salt poisoning of pigs can be caused by getting feed for cattle (there is a large content of sodium chloride) or feeding of food waste.
As in many other cases, with poisoning, salt is necessary to isolate pigs from the source of toxic substances to wash out the stomach. Experts advise to apply the calcium gluconate also is useful tonic and mucous broths.
Prevention of poisoning in pigs
Poisoning of pigs most often the fault of the owner. In order to avoid unpleasant situations beware – carefully check animal feed, do not feed moldy product. If there is a need in getting rid of rodents crumble the poison out of the reach of pigs.
Remember – with any poisoning, the first step is to isolate the animals from feed or poisons, then you need to do gastric lavage and give access to the water source. Further treatment should appoint a specialist depending on what poisoned pigs.