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Diarrhea, nausea, dizziness and weakness: causes of these symptoms

Symptoms such as diarrhea, nausea, dizziness and weakness are frequent, regardless of age and gender. They are physiological and pathological.

Physiological manifestations of General weakness and disorders of the digestive system are rare and do not cause negative effects. Pathological nausea, diarrhea, dizziness – these are signs of severe state of disease, which threaten health and require urgent diagnosis and treatment.

Dizziness, nausea and diarrhea as satellites physiological States

Nausea and diarrhea indicate functional disorders of the gastrointestinal tract. Since these symptoms lead to a slight dehydration of the body parallel to the person has dizziness and headaches. Diarrhea can be caused by lack of enzymes and other secretory fluids of the gastrointestinal tract or the lungs inflammation of the intestinal mucosa.

Factors leading to nausea, dizziness, diarrhea:

  • eating poor quality or spoiled during storage of the products;
  • violation of the rules of heat treatment of food;
  • the use of exotic products or food, which the digestive system is not adapted;
  • violations of diet, frequent overeating, long periods between meals;
  • regular abuse of fast food, fat, heavy, smoked food, a quick snack.

Such a diet leads to failure of the digestive organs and functional disorders. Specific treatment is not required, it is enough to bring your diet back to normal, adhere to the regime, and diarrhea, nausea and other symptoms will resolve spontaneously.

Physiological nausea accompanied by diarrhea and dizziness are condition during pregnancy. Toxicosis in the first trimester occur every second woman and disappear by the fourth month of pregnancy. Therapeutic intervention is needed only in case if the nausea is accompanied by regular vomiting and diarrhea, and the woman rapidly loses weight.

Nausea and intestinal disorders in the third trimester of pregnancy called preeclampsia. This condition and normally it should not be. It is associated with serious violations of the kidneys, accompanied by edema of the body and requires medical treatment.

Nausea, dizziness, diarrhea can be triggered by hormonal changes in the body in puberty, girls and women during the menstrual cycle.

Also, the symptoms observed in chronic fatigue, poor sleep, violation of work and rest, regular heavy physical exertion.

Nausea, diarrhea and dizziness as symptoms of diseases

Most often these symptoms occur in infectious diseases. Diarrhea, vomiting and dizziness in the adult develop when introduced into the body of pathogenic bacteria, viruses.

Diarrhea and vomiting associated with damage and inflammation of the mucosa of the small intestine. Due to the loss of fluids dehydrated and enhanced toxicity. High concentrations of toxins in the blood causes dizziness, headaches, chills, body temperature rises.

Vomiting, diarrhea and dizziness occur in case of such acute infectious diseases:

  • salmonellosis;
  • dysentery;
  • E. coli;
  • typhoid fever.
  • cholera;
  • botulism;
  • viral hepatitis A.

With infections, the symptoms become the most pronounced. Vomiting is repeated, stool frequency reaches 10-15 times a day.

Pathological symptoms are also characteristic for internal diseases of the digestive system. Nausea, diarrhea are chronic diseases of the gastrointestinal tract, especially in acute – pancreatitis, cholecystitis, hepatitis, peptic ulcer and duodenal ulcer. Also, symptoms can manifest themselves in acute conditions – appendicitis, acute pancreatitis.

Strong nausea, vomiting, headaches, darkening of the eyes, dizziness happens in people with a diagnosis of hypertension. Especially these symptoms are manifested in a sharp jump in blood pressure.

Other causes of nausea, vomiting, diarrhea, dizziness associated with damage to the Central nervous system:

  • poisoning from toxic chemical substances;
  • overdose medications;
  • brain injury.

How to assist and resolve the symptoms

In order to remove the severity of symptoms and to properly assist, you need to know the cause of their origin.

Nausea, caused by irritation of the gastric mucosa is eliminated by taking antacids. They gently envelop the mucous membrane, partially remove its redness and inflammation, protects against chemical and mechanical impact of food and hydrochloric acid.

Drug antacids:

  • Almagel.
  • Aluminium phosphate gel.
  • Maalox.
  • Rennie.
  • Talized.

If nausea is associated with irritation of the vomiting center of the brain, and not with food intake, in this case, patients are prescribed these drugs – reglan, metoclopramide, dramina.

If a person is sick as a result of high pressure, prescribed antihypertensivetools:

  • Verapamil.
  • Reserpine.
  • Isopren.
  • Dibazol.
  • Enalapril.
  • Enap-N.

Removal of the diarrhea is especially important with infectious diseases when it is necessary as soon as possible to stop dehydration. Antidiarrheal drugs:

  • Smectite.
  • Imodium.
  • Diuretics.
  • The pentas.
  • Loperamide.

In order to get rid of symptoms such as dizziness, headaches, need to reduce the level of toxicity in the body. For this recommended to drink large volumes of salt solutions. They are prepared using special preparations-the powder regidron, orasol, glyukosolan, rosolen, gastrolit, maratonic.

Infectious diseases and any poisoning to cleanse the digestive tract and eliminate nausea, diarrhea and vomiting prescribe sorbents. They absorb toxins, toxic substances and eliminate them from the body. Medications – activated charcoal, POLYSORB, enterosgel, intersorb.

If the vertigo is associated with fatigue, stress, violation of the vestibular apparatus, nervous disorders, prescribe such means – flunarizin, Relanium, Cinnarizine, dramina, promethazine, magsalin.

With nausea, vomiting, diarrhea everyone faces. In everyday life these symptoms are associated with disorders of the digestive system and is not life-threatening. To quickly troubleshoot and alleviate the condition in the home medicine Cabinet should have all necessary medicines for first aid. These drugs are sold freely available in the pharmacy and dispensed without a doctor's prescription.