Piracetam overdose: symptoms and consequences
Piracetam has the ability to improve cerebral blood circulation, eliminate mental and neurological disorders. Pharmacological drug the doctors recommended for the prevention of depression, enhancing memory before an important in a person's life events. But high efficiency of piracetam can sometimes play a cruel joke. People strive to achieve the maximum therapeutic effect for a short time, so eat a high amount of pills. The result is an overdose piracetam dangerous for its consequences.
Pharmacological properties of the drug
Piracetam belongs to medicines, possessing nootropic activity. Despite the fact that the already synthesized a significant amount of more modern drugs, piracetam all are also in demand in the following areas of medicine:
The drug is considered to be the most effective in the subgroup. Piracetam is rapidly absorbed by the walls of the gastrointestinal tract and is distributed throughout the body. A distinctive feature of the nootropic is the lack of its metabolism. It is excreted the urinary system virtually unchanged, which significantly facilitates the work of the liver.
Overdose of the medicine occurs in young children as a result of improper storage. Kids are very curious – they will necessarily draw neat boxes and bottles of tiny pills. Toxicity piracetam provoke the child has a severe allergic reaction.
The nootropic has a positive effect on metabolic processes in brain cells, improves blood circulation. The effectiveness of piracetam in the treatment of neurological diseases is based on:
- stimulation of redox processes;
- the increased glucose utilization;
- improving regional blood flow in the damaged tissues.
Piracetam is able to replenish energy of the body, accelerating the turnover of ATP. Improving energy processes, the drug increases the resistance of brain cells during oxygen starvation or poisoning of Exo - and endotoxins. If there is overdose nootropic, the positive effects disappear, increasing side effects and development of toxicity in all systems of human activity.
The therapeutic effects of piracetam on the body
Overdose nootropic often develops in older people and the elderly. Piracetam is very popular among this population due to its ability to improve memory. Here it just fails in this situation. People forget that the doctor recommended dose was adopted a few minutes ago, and again holds out his hand to the pill bottle. Relatives should monitor the use of medicines by older members of his family.
Depression is not treated, merely piracetam. To eliminate the pathology is only used complex treatment. Welcome nootropic will lead to overdose and gain anxiety disorders.
Piracetam is designed for long a course of treatment – the use of single high doses makes no sense. Pharmacological drug used in treatment of pathologies, as listed below:
- Vascular diseases of the brain in atherosclerosis, arterial hypertension, parkinsonism.
- Complications of poisoning and head injuries with the aim of increasing physical and mental activity.
- Intellectual impairment, emotional instability.
- Dementia, Alzheimer's disease.
- Depression, accompanied by hypochondria, apathy, fatigue.
- Schizophrenia, psycho-organic syndrome.
- Comprehensive treatment of mental disorders.
- Epileptic seizures.
The drug has a mild effect, so it is used in cases when the reception of the other nootropics provoked neurological and psychiatric complications.
Poisoning piracetam can develop while taking the drug with alcohol. Nootropic is used for the relief of withdrawal symptoms and delirium in persons with drug and alcohol addiction.
How is it possible to overdose piracetam
Overdose of the medicine occurs frequently even after taking the recommended annotation number of tablets. The fact that the drug is not used in the treatment of patients with defined pathologies in history. Such diseases reduce the efficiency of piracetam, increasing the severity of side effects.
The drug is used in the treatment of people with acute or chronic renal failure. The urinary system is not capable of taking piracetam, it accumulates in the body, causing overdose.
Pharmacological the drug is contraindicated for the treatment of patients with these disorders:
- in the acute stage of hemorrhagic stroke;
- Huntington's Chorea;
- ajitirovanne depression.
Piracetam should not be taken during pregnancy and breastfeeding, it is contraindicated in children under 12 months. Some people after taking the medicine develop hives,atopic dermatitis, rash and redness on the skin.
The clinical picture of poisoning
Symptoms of intoxication are manifested if the daily dose of piracetam exceeds 5.0 g. Their severity depends on the disease history of a person, his age, individual predisposition. 2-3 hours after ingestion of tablets of the victim have these overdose symptoms:
- Emotional instability – the nervous excitation, drowsiness, lethargy, increased anxiety, irritability.
- Disorders of the gastrointestinal tract – nausea, vomiting, flatulence, bloating, heartburn.
- Lack of appetite (chronic intoxication decrease in body weight).
- Headaches, dizziness, violation of coordination of movements.
- Low blood pressure, a heart rhythm disorder.
Overdose nootropic develops in the use of tablets together with neuroleptics. As a result of joint admission significantly increases the effect on the Central nervous system, a person begin to shake upper and lower extremities, difficulty breathing.
Piracetam is used for treatment of children with mental retardation and cerebral palsy. If a child will take a higher dose, then he has restlessness, anxiety, imbalance, aggressiveness. When you assign a nootropic you should consider that it enhances the effect of psychostimulants and hormonal tablets.
First aid for overdose
To alleviate the condition of the victim, to withdraw unabsorbed piracetam from the body can only be a specialist, so you need to call the team "Ambulance". Pharmacological drug does not cause fatalities, but intoxication is never without consequences. To prevent them should be to help the person:
- to lay, to calm down;
- to empty the stomach. For that dissolve in a liter of warm water a few crystals of potassium permanganate and give drink to the victim. Induce vomiting to discharge of pure water from the stomach;
- to drink man of strong and sweet tea;
- to give a poisoned adsorbent or the treatment in accordance with the drugs attached to the annotation.
Arrived doctor if necessary hospitalitynet patient for treatment in hospital. For this purpose, the drip with saline and glucose.