Overdose "Viferon" in children and adults
"Viferon" is a highly effective antiviral drug of domestic production. The tool is available in the form of ointment, gel and rectal suppositories and is widely used in complex therapy of various infectious illnesses of children and adults. Overdose "Viferon" is rare and occurs as a result of the uncontrolled use.
The description of the drug
Alpha-2 interferon is the main active ingredient of the drug. This substance is a synthetic protein that has the same structure as the natural interferon that is produced in the human body during pathological action of infectious agents. As you know, interferon is an important component of immune defenses and has a powerful antiviral effect. In addition, low molecular weight protein has a pronounced immunomodulatory effect. We discover the same properties by the laboratory resulting interferon, which is a part of medicine.
The drug not only helps to protect cells from the harmful effects of pathogens, but also stimulates the production of natural interferons. The drug is often used successfully for the treatment of fungal diseases and ailments due to a number of atypical microorganisms that have shown resistance to other antimicrobial actions.
By pronounced anti-inflammatory and antibacterial action helps to significantly reduce the dosage of other medications in combination therapy.
The composition of the medication include other substances that enhance and complement the therapeutic properties of the main component. In the composition of ointments as an auxiliary link includes vitamin E. In the gel, in addition to this vitamin, also includes serum albumin is a substance with powerful immunomodulatory effects.
Very popular are rectal suppositories "Viferon", which, in addition to antiviral action, have unique antioxidant properties. Components are ground substance, ascorbic acid, and vitamin E.
"Viferon" is a popular remedy against viral diseases. Because of its relative safety, the drug is often used in babies in the form of candles. With it, parents can quickly bring down the fever and to properly treat the viral infection.
Method of production
Viferon can be purchased in various forms:
- for external treatment use a salve or gel product;
- for rapid therapeutic effect in many viral diseases use rectal candles.
Antiviral agent is not available in the form of tablets or solution for injection, as base material fully neutralised in the gastrointestinal tract and is not absorbed from the muscle. In addition, there is a risk of dangerous adverse reactions from the body by administering substances inside using injection. As nasal drops medication was also not available.
The Use Of "Viferon"
"Viferon" assigned strictly on the grounds and is used in complex treatment of various infectious-inflammatory diseases in adults and children. Often the drug is used for the treatment of newborns and preterm babies (most frequently used rectal suppositories).
The scope of application of the drug is quite wide. It is prescribed for:
- SARS (used successfully and the flu);
- inflammation of the lungs;
- herpetic lesions of skin and mucous membranes;
- urogenital infections (remedy administered including pregnant women);
- chronic viral hepatitis (all types);
It is highly justified the use of the drug in candidiasis and other forms of infections that have arisen as a result of disorders of the immune system.
Is used in combination with other drugs, where each case uses a specific treatment regimen. Designate yourself or loved ones this drug is not recommended. Drug separately may not have the desired effect and self-medication may lead to malfunction of the immune system.
Contraindications and dosage
If the patient has a hypersensitivity to any components of the drug, then it should be excluded from therapy.
The method of treatment depends on the type of disease, severity of disease and patient's age. For each patient is an individual calculation of the dose of the drug, therefore, to specify a particular dose for certain ailments will be incorrect.
In most cases, doctors are assigned to suppositories that have different dosage. Distinguish:
- 150000 IU;
- 500000 IU;
- 1000000 IU;
- 3000000 IU.
Adults and children, ranging from 7 to 12 years old, assigned to 1 suppository (used, the dose of 500,000 IU) 2 times a day at intervals of 12 hours. Candles need to be applied daily for five days. Depending on the severity of the disease the course of treatment may be longer.
Kids under 7 years old, babies in particular, is assigned to 1 suppository (recommended dose of 150000 IU) 2times a day at intervals of 12 hours. To use candles you need daily for 5 days. Again, depending on the disease and severity of the occurrence of the course of treatment may be adjusted. Premature babies recommended 1 suppository (dose 150,000 IU) 3 times a day at intervals of 8 hours. Complications the duration of this treatment may be longer than 5 days.
If children have viral hepatitis, the dose of drug is increased. Children up to 6 years with a diagnosis of possible use of medication to 500,000 IU.
These patterns are standard and may not apply in all cases. Each patient is assigned an individual treatment where the dosage can differ from the standard scheme. In the treatment of the child, doctors use a special formula, which calculated the required dose, taking into account the indicators of weight and height.
Overdose, and possible side effects
Could it be overdosing when using the "Viferon"? This medication is in most cases tolerated by patients very well, as it contains in itself almost a natural substance for the body. If you strictly adhere to the assigned regimen and follow the doctor's recommendations, adverse reactions not observed. The drug is well tolerated even by pregnant women and newborn babies.
If the patient inadvertently increased dosage, the body may appear allergic reactions such as unpleasant itching and skin rashes. All these symptoms disappear completely after three days after discontinuation of the medication.
Allergies can appear when there is a sensitivity to cocoa butter, which contains the medication. Usually allergic to cocoa butter occurs in children and manifests immediately after the first application. In this case, the drug should be replaced by the analogue.
Viferon in any form goes well with other medicines to combat viral and other diseases. Used in combination therapy, because the drug should be used in complex treatment, which will paint the doctor, with the exact dose necessary funds.