An excess of magnesium in the body: symptoms of overdose
Magnesium is essential for the flow of many biochemical processes in the body. He is involved in the synthesis of enzymes and proteins, and its deficiency negatively affects health. But an excess of magnesium in the body is equally dangerous as it could trigger cardiac arrest or paralysis of the respiratory muscles.
The item's description and testimony to its destination
Magnesium — a chemical element that is denoted by Mg, which comes from the Latin word Magnesium. This light, silvery metal. In the human body it comes from food, but usually in insufficient quantities. The indication for his appointment are as follows:
- magnesium deficiency, it is characterized by hypersomnia, spasms, migraine pain, joint inflammation, osteoporosis, problems with the bowel, arrhythmia;
- child bearing, if there is a threat of miscarriage, late toxemia, eclampsia;
- overdose of barium chloride;
- high blood pressure;
- brain injury;
- pathology of the heart.
Causes of overdose
An overabundance of magnesium in the body often triggered by a dysfunction of the thyroid and adrenal glands.
In addition, poisoning magnesium may:
- because of psychoactive drugs that reduce the rate of excretion of magnesium from the body;
- excess of trace elements in the blood may be a sign of cancer;
- in children because of the consumption of modified milk and mineral water, as their kidneys are still not fully formed and instead display element, accumulate it;
- because of abuse of drugs of magnesium, it can be vitamin and mineral supplements, antacid or antiplatelet agents containing this element, such as a "Maalox", "Cardiomagnyl", especially if at the same time the body receives calcium and phosphorus, as with them it is better absorbed;
- because of renal dysfunction or on the background of dehydration.
Daily intake of element
To determine whether there was a surplus item or not, need to know how much of it you need to a day for good health. Daily diet should contain 350 to 500 mg of magnesium. About 50% of this dose in the body comes from grains and cereals. In women during pregnancy the need for it increases to 1 g per day. Why so often in this period appoint magnesium B6. Included, in addition to magnesium, vitamin B6 improves the absorption of the basic substance, and also positively affects the heart and Central nervous system, which is important in the period of carrying a child.
The increasing demands for the element:
- due to regular stresses;
- during physical and mental stress;
- due to some medications;
- in persons suffering from chronic alcoholism.
The signs of poisoning
Overdose of magnesium is even more dangerous than the lack of it, as this affects the internal organs.
Primarily affects the kidneys, leading to serious pathologies, dehydrated and chronic nephropathy in the kidneys begin to be deposited stones.
Despite the fact that the victim observed the ability to learn, he can't master the skills of reading and writing.
Increased activity of the thyroid and parathyroid glands. From the excess of magnesium is suffering the musculoskeletal system, inflammation of the joints, psoriasis, exhaustion, muscle tissue, there is persistent weakness and fatigue.
Suffering and mental condition of the victim, there is complete indifference to many things. Magnesium poisoning accompanied by hypotension. At this time, if not to accept urgent measures, the patient's condition will only worsen.
Excessive excess magnesium in the body will have the following symptoms:
- indigestion, nausea and vomiting;
- the lack of the flow of urine in the bladder, which again provokes an excess of potassium and magnesium in the body;
- heart failure;
- decreased reflexes, for example, the knee-Cup is lost completely;
- change in the electrocardiogram;
- irregularities in the heart until it stops;
- paralysis of the respiratory muscles.
If an excess of the element is observed in the period of carrying a child, you observed specific features, namely:
- double vision;
- hot flashes to the upper torso;
- inhibited speech;
- the deterioration of brain activity;
On the basis of clinical it is impossible to identify the overabundance of magnesium. Therefore, in the first trimester and better in the planning stage need to be tested to determine the level of the element in the body.
The death of a patient is possible when the level rises to 12 mEq/L.
First aid measures and treatment
In case of overdose of magnesium the patient needs for immediate medical care. He needs to call an ambulance. If patient took oral medication of magnesium, then it is up to the arrival of the ambulance is required to make a gastric lavage, of course, if he is conscious. To do this, give the victim to drink clean boiled water and cause an artificial vomiting, click on the root of the tongue. Lavagestomach is carried out until, until you get out of the body clean liquid.
These manipulations cannot be conducted with pregnant women, because of possible miscarriage, babies and the elderly.
If there is a natural vomiting, it is by no means impossible to stop, as it helps to excrete excess magnesium. It is impossible to accept fixing means on the basis of loperamide, as with the stool is also highlighted and magnesium.
To correct the dehydration, it is important to drink plenty of fluids. It may be plain boiled water, mineral water without gas, pharmaceutical remedies for oral rehydration, such as rehydron.
To neutralize the magnesium introduced into the body, can calcium. Therefore, the victim in the vein injected a solution of chloride or calcium gluconate. Depending on the extent of kidney damage to the patient or prescribed diuretics, or with the development of nephropathy conducting peritoneal dialysis or hemodialysis, these methods help to save lives.
Also, symptomatic treatment. Until normal magnesium levels, control its content in the blood and urine.
Prevention of poisoning by magnesium
To prevent intoxication and is not worth watching the ads, to make their own magnesium meansbelieved the manufacturers of drugs and dietary Supplements that excess magnesium will be excreted by the kidneys.
Some gynecologists prescribe drugs such as "Magnelis B6" all in a row without any testing to get your percentage of sales from the sales representatives. The services of these specialists should be abandoned. Especially in the vitamin-mineral complexes for pregnant women magnesium is already available.
Patients suffering from heartburn and are trying to fix it antacids should also be remembered that in many of them there is magnesium. Therefore, they should not be abused, especially since they only eliminate symptoms of the disease, not cure it. It is better to stick to your diet and take drugs that restore the mucous membranes of the digestive tract.
Also, to prevent overdose of the item, it is important when taking to observe the drinking mode, and also amount of calcium. To both elements is well absorbed, magnesium in the body should consume two times more than calcium.
Magnesium is essential element and its deficiency causes various pathologies in the body, but its overdose can be even more dangerous, as it may lead to death. Therefore, before taking any magnesium drugs should first ensure that there is a deficit and there are no contraindications to its destination.
Do not take it without consulting a doctor, the specialist should pick a particular drug, to paint a clear scheme of its reception, to be followed. In addition, we must not forget that magnesium is contained in the food.
Those who wish to compensate for a deficiency item, it is necessary to introduce in the diet:
- buckwheat and millet;
- liver, ham, sausages of good quality;
- rabbit, pork and veal.
You need to remember that excess of any substance in the body, including magnesium, can cause serious disorders. Therefore, if there is an acute or chronic overdose, should not self-medicate, and you should immediately consult a doctor to eliminate the causes and symptoms of intoxication.
This is especially true of pregnant women, children, handicapped and elderly patients, as they have symptoms of poisoning develop rapidly, and perhaps the delay will cost them not only health, but life.