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Symptoms of poisoning hydrogen chloride (hydrochloric acid), first aid

Hydrochloric acid (hydrogen chloride) is a chemical substance that is used in different industries, in the industry. Poisoning with this substance is very dangerous for the human body. This article describes the signs of poisoning with hydrogen chloride and first aid for the development of this condition.

The causes of poisoning

Poisoning with hydrochloric acid most often occurs by inhalation of its vapors. This chemical is used in various factories. Intoxication develops as a result of accidents in industries and failure to comply with the rules.

The main causes of poisoning hydrogen chloride:

  • the poisoning of hydrochloric acid can occur at work or at home in case of use of this substance for domestic purposes;
  • receiving acid inside. Children can accidentally drink it thinking it's a tasty drink;
  • contact of acid with skin or mucous membranes of the eyes due to careless treatment of her.

Symptoms of poisoning hydrogen chloride

Poisoning with hydrochloric acid is manifested immediately after contact with her. The victim's condition rapidly worsens, he needs urgent help. The table below presents the symptoms of poisoning hydrogen chloride.

The mechanism of entering Symptoms and signs
  • The change of voice. He becomes hoarse and husky.
  • Dry paroxysmal cough.
  • Shortness of breath of mixed character.
  • Shortness of breath.
  • Tachycardia – rapid heartbeat in which the heart rate exceeds 100 beats/min.
  • Severe pain in the chest.
  • Loss of consciousness, falling into a deep coma.
  • A burning sensation in the oral cavity, esophagus, stomach.
  • Nausea.
  • The strongest acute abdominal pain.
  • Tachycardia, which is accompanied by a decrease in blood pressure (hypotension).
  • Vomiting blood or black content.
  • Yellowing of the sclera, mucous membranes and skin.
  • Anuria – absence of urine (indicates the development of acute renal failure).
  • Coma, convulsions.
Contact with skin or mucous membranes
  • Pain at the site of contact with the acid.
  • Redness of the skin.
  • The appearance of blisters.

What are the dangers of poisoning with hydrochloric acid

Intoxication with hydrochloric acid is very dangerous. It can lead to serious complications from many organs and systems. These include:

  • toxic hepatitis develops as a result of liver damage acid;
  • gastrointestinal bleeding is characteristic of ingestion of acid. The chemical corrodes the walls of blood vessels;
  • shock most often occurs in the defeat of a large area of the skin with acid;
  • vision loss is a consequence of getting acid on the conjunctiva of the eye;
  • acute renal failure develops in the inner receiving acid;
  • acute respiratory failure is a complication of poisoning by vapors of the acid. Develops due to lesions of the respiratory tract, burn the mucosa of the bronchi and trachea;
  • deep coma develops when you lose brain cells with toxins and acids.

The provision of first aid for poisoning

The first thing to do in cases of poisoning with hydrochloric acid, to call the ambulance. Tell the dispatcher your exact location so that doctors do not waste time looking. If the victim is indoors, poisoned vapors of hydrochloric acid, it should immediately withdraw from it.

Remember that to self-medicate in cases of poisoning with hydrochloric acid is strictly prohibited. This toxic substance can lead to severe disorders in the organism and death.

Provide the patient quiet and fresh air, untie his tie, unbutton your shirt. While waiting for the medical team, you can begin to independently provide first aid to the victim. Below we describe the basic steps that you can do to help him, depending on the way of getting acid into the body.

Getting acid on skin or eyes

When released hydrogen chloride on the surface of the mucous membranes, conjunctiva of the eyes or skin, immediately flush the affected area of the body running cool water for 25-30 minutes.

The poisoning of the acid

Put the patient to bed, give him a drink of water or warm sweet tea. Give it a rinse nose and mouth with plain water.

To give any medication before arrival of physicians not worth it.

Check the condition of the victim, control the presence of his breathing and heartbeat. If he lost consciousness, put it on a hard flat surface, turn the head to one side. To control the pulse the easiest on the carotid artery, which runs under the skin on the anterolateral surface of the neck.

To check for breathing put your hand on the chest of the victim and follow her tour.

Stop breathing and heartbeat indicate the development of clinical death. In this case, you should start doing chest compressions.

Receiving acid inside

Put the patient on a stomach bubble with ice. The cold causes a spasmvessels and reduce internal bleeding. Check the condition of the patient. Don't give him any pills. If he didn't have bloody or black vomit, let him drink a glass of cool alkaline mineral or table water without gas. Should drink slowly in small SIPS, so as not to provoke vomiting. The liquid will dilute the concentration of alcohol consumed substances and reduce its toxic effect on the stomach wall.

Remember that trying to self-wash out the stomach, neutralize the acid and induce vomiting is forbidden. With these actions you will increase the lesion of the mucous membrane of the esophagus and stomach will trigger an intensification of internal bleeding.

Follow-up treatment

First medical care is provided by physicians while on call. They conduct a quick survey of the patient and taking a history, checking his vital signs (pulse, blood pressure, respiration and saturation). They then begin first aid. Its volume depends on the method of contact with hydrogen chloride in the body and the condition of the patient. First aid may consist of the following components:

  • gastric lavage through the probe;
  • connect dripper with solutions;
  • the introduction of painkillers;
  • medical regulation of life indicators;
  • dressing of an oxygen mask;
  • treatment of burns;
  • artificial lung ventilation.
  • cardio-pulmonary resuscitation.

After first aid doctors transporterowych patient to the hospital. Depending on his condition, he may be admitted to the Department of toxicology, intensive care, ophthalmology, surgery. With extensive skin lesions the treatment is conducted in burn centers. The duration of treatment depends on the patient and extent of internal organ involvement.

Poisoning hydrogen chloride – heavy and dangerous condition. Its treatment is performed in a hospital. The first thing to do in cases of poisoning is to call an ambulance. Before arrival of physicians can to begin to help him, providing peace and fresh air, wash affected skin with water.