How quickly is alcohol from the body and how long does alcohol intoxication
The toxic effect of ethanol manifested immediately after hitting him in the body. The severity of intoxication depends on the state of human health, the quality and quantity of them consumed alcoholic beverages. At different stages of intoxication develop dangerous symptoms of poisoning that lead to serious consequences. Often the cause of fatal outcome becomes increased concentration of ethanol in the blood. To avoid such a development, should know how quickly alcohol leaves the body.
Characteristic features of intoxication alcohol
Human body daily produces a small amount of ethanol. Substance involved in metabolic processes as a catalyst or ingredient chemical reactions breaking down fats, proteins and carbohydrates. But when the alcohol is received from the outside there is an imbalance in metabolism, triggered by the toxic properties of ethanol. A person develops intoxication. Alcohol intoxication lasts exactly as long a time as alcohol leaves the body.
The main cause of alcohol poisoning is directly taking it. Absolutely no matter the amount of consumed ethanol, even a glass of beer causes intoxication, destruction of liver cells and brain, disorders of the cardiovascular and urinary systems.
Nekachestvennaya than alcohol, the longer a person goes from a state of alcohol poisoning. Such beverages contain huge amount of fusel oils, which enhance the severity and duration of symptoms of intoxication. Clandestine manufacturers do not disdain to add their products even pharmacological agents (diphenhydramine). This explosive mixture accelerates the development of a euphoric state, contributes to the rapid formation of alcohol and drug addiction.
Speed of habituation to daily use of ethanol is dependent on the functional activity of the enzyme produced by the cells of the liver – alcohol dehydrogenase. The more people that biologically active substances, the faster the alcohol out of the body.
Some peoples of the far North and the inhabitants of southern countries, this enzyme is produced in small quantities. In this state, a person becomes an inveterate drunkard or quickly, or selects a sober lifestyle.
Women produce much less alcohol dehydrogenase than men, so chronic alcoholism the fairer sex is difficult for the therapy. Ethyl alcohol is slowly emerging from the body of teenagers. This is due to the not yet fully formed immune system of young people. They have increased permeability of blood vessels, which allows the alcohol is rapidly absorbed in the gastrointestinal tract and penetrate into the bloodstream.
Moreover, Teens often prefer questionable drinks in bright cans. In addition to ethanol, there is sometimes contains carbon dioxide, saturating fluid and air bubbles. With the use of such alcoholic drinks intoxication lasts until the alcohol leaves the human body.
Easy degree of alcoholic intoxication
If the content of ethanol in the bloodstream of the person less than 0.4 ppm, then it quickly develops a slight alcohol poisoning. To this extent is not characteristic of the occurrence of any negative effects that can cause acute or chronic pathology. But allowance must be made for the person's age, length of alcohol consumption, presence of chronic diseases.
Many people for a long time forced to take medication. Almost all medicines are not compatible with ethanol, increase of its toxic effect. After the simultaneous ingestion of small amounts of alcohol and pills can be acute form of poisoning.
At this stage of intoxication, there is a probability of death. Mild intoxication is characterized by the following symptoms:
- dilation of the pupils, there is a reaction to light;
- redness of the face and neck;
- raising sweat;
- the increase in heart rate;
- increased frequency of urination.
The person is in a good mood, and pauses, loud and long talking. The consumption of alcohol in a small amount of it for several hours out of the body.
The average degree of alcohol poisoning
Alcohol intoxication of medium degree was diagnosed in the patient in the blood which is more than 1.5 ppm of ethanol. At this stage of intoxication is a violation of metabolism. The liver is not able to fully break down the toxic chemical to the acetic acid, so the cells and tissues accumulates acetaldehyde is an intermediate product of the oxidation of ethanol.
Acetaldehyde belongs to the poisons deadly to humans. It has a negative impact on all system activity, cause their irreversible damage. Especially detrimental acetaldehyde on liver cells and brain.
For the average degree of poisoning is characterized by the following symptoms:
- unsteadiness of gait, impairedcoordination in the space;
- pale skin, dry mucous membranes;
- slurred and nonsensical speech;
- nausea, vomiting, bloating;
- lethargy, reduced reaction speed.
Man is in a very emotionally unstable state. Excessive friendliness quickly replaced by manifestations of aggression. The victim is seeking somewhere to go, something to prove. It may be dangerous not only for others but for himself. Most accidents happens with such a degree of intoxication.
Alcohol leaves the body from one to three days. The greater the mass of a man, you are faster signs of poisoning. Big full man is able not to experience negative symptoms in the morning. And for slender women, this dose taken alcohol can be fatal.
The heavy degree of intoxication
If the blood is more than 2.5 ppm of ethanol, then develops severe alcohol poisoning. In this state, the probable fatal outcome for a person who rarely consumes alcohol. He slowly emerges from the body, this process is often delayed for several days.
This form of intoxication always has negative consequences, up to necrosis of the liver. Alcohol also deals a crushing blow to the Central nervous system, causing rapid death of neurons. Cells of the human brain is not able to recover.
In chronic alcoholics alcohol never goes out of the body. He is vital. With a sharp rejection of the use of ethanol comes a deep coma and lethal outcome. It should be noted that lethal to a normal human dose of alcohol, the alcoholic does not usually cause any harm.
To understand what the victim needs urgent medical care, one of the following:
- loss of consciousness, dizziness;
- the lack of reaction to pain;
- contraction of the pupils;
- a sharp decrease in blood pressure;
- thready pulse, slow heart rate;
- tremor of upper and lower extremities, cramps;
- vomiting, sometimes with blood.
In this state, the victim need to quickly get to a hospital. Only in the hospital doctors with the help of a detoxification therapy will bring ethanol from the body. If assistance is not provided, it will start to occur pathological processes. Acetaldehyde damages the integrity of the membranes of red blood cells, causing oxygen starvation of neurons. The brain loses the ability to control vital systems. The victim swells the lung parenchyma and the heart stops.
How to speed up the excretion of alcohol from the body
Ethyl alcohol is slowly emerging from the body, making the person suffer the pains of a hangover. The disease is always easier to prevent than to long and hard to treat. People who have a rational approach to their health, take preventive measures before every party or family celebration. To reduce the duration of poisoning, before meal you need to:
- To eat a serving of Kashi cereal or mashed potato with butter.
- Drink a glass of whole milk.
- Take 2-3 tablets of vitamins with minerals.
This contributes to the rapid release of ethanol from the body, reducing the severity of intoxication. To minimize the effects of alcohol poisoning will help the consumption of large quantities of still water to reduce the strength of the drinks and the restoration of fluid balance. Moderation, not succumb to the entreaties of friends, to be able to stop in time.