Protection and prevention to the liver after alcohol
After drinking alcohol 95-98% ethanol, digested and rendered harmless in the liver. With such a large load on the need of protection and restoration. Prevention to the liver after alcohol can be carried out with the help of medicinal plants or food products.
How alcohol affects the human liver
One of the main functions of the liver, the clearance of toxic substances that enter the body. It does this by chemical modification of toxic compounds in the hydrolysis (decomposition of a substance involving water), oxidation (detach electrons). In the liver increases the area of the endoplasmic reticulum, it allows you to biotransformiroetsa poisons.
A negative effect on the liver has acetaldehyde is an intermediate product of disintegration of alcohol. It is also called "liver poison".
Alcohol has on the liver direct toxic effects. Already at the single dose of alcoholic beverages observed death of hepatocytes (liver cells) in certain areas. This is confirmed by blood tests for GGT, an enzyme involved in the metabolism of amino acids. Its high value indicates liver damage in acute alcohol intoxication or chronic alcoholism.
Prolonged use of alcohol dystrophy body as a protective reaction of the organism. This is a complex pathological process, which interferes with cellular metabolism with subsequent structural changes.
Chronic administration of alcoholic beverages develop this disease:
- Steatohepatitis is inflammation of the liver, its fatty degeneration. Found in 20-30% of cases. Body is increased and compacted due to the toxic effect of alcohol, hepatocytes are replaced by fatty tissue.
- Alcoholic hepatitis – inflammation of the liver regular use of alcohol. Takes a long time without objective symptoms only at a late stage is manifested by enlargement of the liver, jaundice.
- Cirrhosis – replacement of normal liver tissue with connective tissue. Body is rough, bumpy and dense. Due to insufficiency of the liver in the abdominal cavity accumulates fluid (ascites), 10-13 L. Develops in 10% of cases.
The greatest destruction of the liver is exposed to teenagers, the elderly, patients with gastrointestinal disease, people undergoing long-term medical treatment.
The restoration of the structure and functionality of the liver
The liver is an internal organ that is able to recover, even if the destruction is 75% of the total area of normal tissue. The remaining physiological cells to increase in volume. This process can return the liver to its original size. However, the regeneration occurs very slowly.
In 1980, scientists discovered in adult liver stem cells (oval) progenitor of hepatocytes. With the defeat of authority is a mass production of these cells. Studies have shown that stem cells capable of transforming into hepatocytes.
Recovery rate liver depends on several factors:
- the age of the person;
- the duration of alcohol consumption (acute poisoning or chronic intoxication);
- the weight of the person;
- the quality of alcoholic beverages.
Recovery of liver may take several months or even years. In severe liver damage, for example, the last stage of cirrhosis, rolling in the cancer recovery does not occur. Such destruction of the liver lead to death. In this scenario, transplant organ.
The main condition for the restoration of the liver – an absolute refusal to accept alcoholic beverages.
Restoration of the liver with the help of pharmacological agents
Group of drugs to restore the liver structure and maintaining its functionality is called hepatoprotectors. They are natural and chemical origin.
Phospholipids – normalize the structure of the hepatocytes, reduce the level of fat conversion of the liver, stop the process of dying its sites, improve the biochemical reaction in the liver.
Medicines based on natural materials – stimulate the regeneration of cells and protects them from exposure to toxic substances, improve functioning of the organ associated with the digestive processes.
Amino acid derivatives – reduce the level of damage and destruction of liver cells. Normalize the metabolism and the processes of decay at the cellular level. Indicated for severe alcoholic intoxication. Support not only the liver but also the body as a whole.
- Hepasol A.
- Have haasteren.
Each of the groups of drugs recovery and efficiency of the liver, protects it from the negative effects of alcohol. After a course of supplementation significantly improved blood biochemical parameters in a laboratory study, the health of the person, renews cell structure.
Recipes of traditional medicine for protectionliver after alcohol
To resume the use on herbs, vegetables, fruits.
Recipe No. 1. Take a ripe pumpkin of small size, remove the seeds. To top cut to form a bowl. Empty vegetable filled with liquid honey. Cover with the cut off top, slit carefully to close up the cooked dough. Put the pumpkin in a cool place and infuse for 10-14 days.
Method of application: take 3 times daily 1 tablespoon in between meals. Course duration 3 weeks. The number of courses of 2-3 per year.
Recipe №2. Fresh squeezed juice with pulp. You can add a decoction of chicory in a ratio of 1:1.
Method of use: drink 100-150 ml on an empty stomach (in the morning). The duration of treatment is 1 month.
Recipe No. 3. Take 0.5 kg purple onion cultivar "Mars", grind in a meat grinder or blender, add 400 g of sugar, mix thoroughly. Insist in a cool place for 10 days. Then squeeze and strain.
Application method: the resulting infusion to drink 1-2 tablespoons 3 times a day, half an hour before meals. The course of treatment is 3-5 weeks.
Recipe No. 4. Water infusion of herbs – St. John's wort, chicory, calendula. All the ingredients to take in equal parts, carefully grind (particles not larger than 1 mm). On the night of 1 tbsp. l. collection pour a glass of boiling water uncool, preferably in a thermos, and leave until morning. Drain in the morning.
Method of application: to the prepared infusion drink during the day, it is better to use in the form of heat. Course of treatment 2-3 weeks.
Recipe №5. Black radish wash, clean, chop. Squeeze fresh juice and store it in the fridge.
Method of application: take 1 teaspoon an hour after eating, 3 times a day. If the health won't deteriorate, a single dosage can be gradually increased to 50, the Course of treatment is 1 month.
Supporting the liver through diet
After the toxic attack the liver can not fully cope with its functions. Broken:
- carbohydrate, protein and fat metabolism;
- supply of minerals and vitamins;
- the breakdown of hormones.
To protect the liver from alcohol, to relieve stress and to relieve her condition, it is necessary to adjust the diet. Food should be balanced, include enough minerals and vitamins. For quick recovery products should contain magnesium, selenium, zinc, vitamins a, E and C.
Useful in any number of fresh vegetables – pumpkin, carrots, eggplant, zucchini, cauliflower or broccoli, corn, greens. Recommended fruits apples and grapes, apricots, peaches, pears, persimmons. Laminaria reduces the risk of degeneration of gepatitov into fat.
From dairy products is to exclude fat milk, sweet curds and yogurt that contain preservatives and food additives. It is useful to eat yogurt, fermented baked milk, unsweetened yogurt, cottage cheese.
Meat (chicken, Turkey, rabbit) best steamed, grilled, boiled. The fish should be rich in unsaturated fatty acids omega-3 (trout, salmon, mackerel, herring). Cereals – buckwheat, oatmeal, rice. Baked goods special restrictions no. It is not advisable to use hot buns. Useful dried apricots, raisins, prunes.
Honey – effective protection of liver. It contains all the essential nutrients well toxins, promotes cell regeneration. Strengthens the liver horseradish juice with honey.
A good detoxification tool has a green tea. It can be drunk in unlimited quantities. From coffee and strong black tea should be abandoned.
Recommended vegetable oils, but in small quantities. Perfect olive oil. It has a lot of vitamin E is an antioxidant that helps to neutralize and excrete the toxic substances.
Products that are not recommended to use after alcohol intoxication:
- Animal fat, margarine, heavy cream.
- Fatty meats – pork, lamb.
- Any canned meat, mushroom, vegetable, fruit.
- Spices, sauces, spicy condiments, vinegar.
- Smoked foods.
In pathological processes in the liver you need to eat often and small portions, so bile does not stagnate in the gallbladder.
The liver is a unique organ. She is able to fully resume functioning without serious consequences. In complete elimination of alcoholic beverages and the implementation of measures for rehabilitation therapy of the liver will be able to work for many years.