What to take in case of poisoning at home adult
During intoxication it is important to begin to carry out activities aimed at removing harmful substances from the body, so the question is, what drugs can be taken in case of poisoning at home, it is very relevant.
Why did you get food poisoning
Food intoxication is commonly understood as a violation of functions of organs and systems caused by toxins or poisons. Severity there are three types of poisoning: severe, moderate and slight.
The most common pathogens are:
- Clostridium perfringens penetrates into the body as a result of poor handling of meat, poultry, fish;
- Golden stafilokok actively propagated at room temperature. The most likely place of "habitat" – salads, dairy products, cakes, pies, sauces;
- Bacillus saguaro, subject to all perishable products, which had not been secured storage at temperatures up to 6 °C.
Especially dangerous natural and chemical toxins that can cause food poisoning in the domestic environment are contained in poisonous mushrooms and berries, substandard, expired food. Poisoning can cause and casually washed the fruits and vegetables that have previously been treated with pesticides used for fertilizer plants. This category can be attributed to alcohol surrogates. So, there are cases of deaths from poisoning with methyl alcohol. Food chemical intoxication occurs when ingestion of vinegar.
The symptoms of food poisoning:
- Bacterial: vomiting, nausea, pain and abdominal cramps, diarrhea.
- Viral: fever, chills, tremors, stomach pain, vomiting, fever.
- Chemical: sweating, dizziness, vomiting, diarrhea, salivation, pain in the eye area.
- Botulism: affects the Central nervous system, vomiting, dry mouth, weakness.
If you suspect food poisoning, you should immediately consult a doctor, especially if it concerns children. However, the possibility of receiving medical care is not always available.
In acute pathology needs to take emergency measures, including gastric lavage, reception of sorbent products and restore electrolyte balance. Of great importance is the organization of correct diet. The final stage of treatment, recovery procedures, which includes taking multivitamin complexes. Typically, the recovery occurs in 3-5 days.
Cleansing the body
These procedures are necessary, they should begin treatment for food poisoning. The goal of this manipulation is to help the stomach get rid of food residue that caused the intoxication, and harmful toxins.
Even if the poisoning is accompanied by severe vomiting, this is not enough to fully cleanse the body. It will have to cause a natural way with a special solution.
Lavage should be done in the following order:
- To prepare a potassium permanganate solution (water must be pale pink). In the absence of potassium permanganate you can use ordinary baking soda (1 tablespoon per 2 liters of boiled water at room temperature).
- To drink 300-400 ml of solution.
- Induce vomiting artificially by pressure of the fingers on the tongue root.
- The procedure is repeated several times. A number of methods of solution, drink at once, should be not less than 500 ml.
Together for the first vomiting will be the main part of the meal, but gastric lavage can be stopped only when ejected from the stomach, the fluid will become absolutely pure and transparent.
The lack of urge to vomit means that the product that caused the poisoning, have moved from the stomach into the intestine. In this case, the wash procedure is ineffective and meaningless.
Diarrhea, like vomiting, is not that other, as a protective reaction of the organism to toxins received in the gastrointestinal tract. Some patients making a common mistake – try using medicinal drugs such as Imodium and its analogues, to stop this phenomenon. You should understand that diarrhea is the fastest and most efficient way to get rid of harmful substances. Delay stool will lead to the fact that the processes of absorption of toxic poisons and their decay will continue, therefore, the patient's condition to deteriorate. The question of the admission of antidiarrheal medicines can only be decided by the attending physician.
If the patient has diarrhea not need to call it using laxatives or enemas. But the folk remedies that can trigger diarrhea, should be avoided in order not to aggravate the disease.
Reception of sorbents
The next step in the treatment of food poisoning is the introduction into the organism of sorbent preparations. These funds were used for the absorption into itself of harmful elementscontained in the stomach, and their speedy elimination.
The most common sorbent used in case of intoxication, is activated carbon. This medication is in the form of standard tablets black color is found in any home first-aid kit and helps against poisoning. Coal should be used in the calculation of one tablet on 10 kg of weight. The drug can be taken in two ways: chew anddrink plenty of liquids or diluted in boiled water.
In case of poisoning, you can take and white activated charcoal comes in pills or powder. It is believed that, in contrast to black, it removes toxins, but does not affect the useful elements present in the body.
Another advantage of white is the sorbent dosage: 2-3 tablets enough (depending on the age and individual peculiarities of the patient, the degree of poisoning).
To drugs-sorbents recommended for use during intoxication include:
These medicines contribute to the rapid excretion of toxic substances by adsorption. They should be used in the interval between doses other drugs, in the absence of vomiting. Contraindications to taking these drugs are high temperature, stomach ulcer. The elderly and young children should be used with caution, after consultation with the attending physician.
Restoration of water-salt balance
Vomiting and diarrhea, as a natural reaction to the toxins, however, contributes to the removal of mineral substances and fluids. The volume should be filled. During the illness the patient ought to drink to maintain water balance. It is best for this purpose is mineral water without gas.
To maintain electrolyte balance it is recommended drinking water with a small addition of table salt (not sea). A solution is prepared from 1 liter of water and 1 tsp salt. Per day should drink at least 2-2,5 liters of salted water. Thus it is necessary to observe a rule: a glass of water an hour before a meal, after a meal within an hour can not drink. Thus, the stomach will be prepared for the next meal and begins to allocate the gastric juice.
To restore mineral balance shows the use of drugs regidron and oralit (contain trace elements, glucose and salt).
If poisoning can also be rather weak drink sweet black or green tea, decoction of chamomile or rose hips.
Medical treatment for poisoning
After cleansing the body to restore the intestinal microflora are shown healing therapy with probiotics. Normal intestinal biocenosis after intoxication almost always broken, so after recovery, recommended to take products containing good bacteria. These include "hilak Forte", "Linex", "Bionorm", "Bioflor".
If the food poisoning accompanied by fever, you should take antipyretic drugs (ibuprofen, paracetamol).
Self-medication is dangerous! Antibiotics, painkillers, and drugs specific orientation (antiemetic and antidiarrheal, etc.) are assigned a doctor!
A therapeutic diet
In the period of acute intoxication, the patient usually does not feel the desire to eat. However, this does not mean that he should refuse to eat. A weakened body needs strength to fight with illness. Besides the stomach and intestines can not fully restore the epithelium, no food is problematic. Of course, any adult or child who do not want to eat, we can't force them, but especially for medicinal purposes hunger is not practiced.
During poisoning, you should adhere to a strict diet, because the digestive tract works are defective and can't handle large amounts of food.
In the period of poisoning is prohibited:
- fatty, salty, junk food;
- dairy products, including milk;
- fast food, processed foods;
- sauces, ketchup, mayonnaise;
- fruits, vegetables, berries raw;
To eat 5 times a day, small portions. Food should be cooked or steamed. Fried foods are excluded.
The diet of the patient should consist of:
- mashed potatoes on the water, without oil;
- boiled rice;
- oatmeal, semolina porridges (on the water);
- chicken meat;
- crackers, a biscuit;
- low-fat broths.
Do not use bananas as fruit, enriched with nutrients, and watermelon, with a diuretic effect.
In some cases, require hospitalization
Food poisoning can be successfully treated at home, however, in some cases, the necessary qualified medical aid. Hospitalization is shown to children under the age of three years. In babies the treatment of intoxication should be conducted only under the supervision of medical staff, as vomiting and diarrhea quickly lead to dehydration. A small child is almost impossible to force to drink, and in the hospital he will be administered intravenous registratsionnyi solutions. Also hospitalized pregnant women and elderly people.
Treatment in hospital is indicated for:
- intoxications caused by poisonous plants and mushrooms;
- severe poisoning;
- diarrhea (more than 10-12 times a day);
- high temperature;
- diarrhea with blood;
- persistent vomiting;
- the increase of the symptoms of the disease;
- loss of consciousness;
If any of these signs, you should immediately call an ambulance.
Traditional treatments food poisoning
People's ways of dealing with intoxication has not been canceled, however, to resort to them should consult a doctor, and only mild toxicity.
Infusion of cinnamon
Cinnamon is a natural antispasmodic and a natural absorbent. Cinnamon infusion is prepared as follows: a pinch of dried and powdered bark pour 250 ml of hot water, let stand for 15-20 minutes. Strained broth to drink during the day in small doses. The recommended volume of 1.5 liters.
A decoction of yarrow and Artemisia
Medicinal plants, effectively cleansing the stomach from toxins, brew 1 tablespoon, pour a liter of boiling water. Let stand 15 minutes, drain. The broth is divided into 5 equal parts, drink during the day.
Infusion of Althea
You can use all types of plants – roots, flowers, leaves, as they contribute to a speedy recovery. Marshmallow (1 teaspoon root or 2 tablespoons of flowers and leaves), pour a glass of boiling water, to insist 4 hours. Drink 3 times a day. You can add half a teaspoon of honey.
A decoction of dill with honey
Honey helps retain potassium, which is excreted diarrhea and vomiting. Fennel reduces abdominal pain, facilitates the vomiting, promotes rapid removal of toxins. A teaspoon of fennel seeds to brew 1.5 cups of boiling water, boil for 3 minutes. Cool, strain, add warm broth a teaspoon of bee product. In case of poisoning food at home infusion need to take at least 1 liter a day.
How to avoid food poisoning
Preventive measures to prevent intoxication, reduced to compliance with the necessary hygiene procedures, eating only high-quality products, the correct retention period.
Experts ' recommendations:
- Observe personal hygiene.
- Subject a thorough treatment of vegetables, fruits.
- Do not buy products with broken sealed packaging.
- Do not eat expired food products.
- Without hesitation throw the drink clouded with sediment, the product with an unpleasant odor and taste, but also ready meals, stand in the refrigerator longer than three days.
- Eat only those mushrooms and berries, which you are sure.
- When cooking observe the rules of the heat treatment.
- Homemade milk pre-boil.
- Drink boiled water.
- Destroy in your house of cockroaches, flies, rodents – they are carriers of the bacteria.
- Keep raw and cooked meats on different shelves of the refrigerator.
Follow these simple precautions and you will never face food poisoning.