Enterosgel: contraindications and side effects
Enterosgel is a drug belonging to the group of sorbents. Its main action is the excretion of toxic substances of various origin (toxins, poisons, allergens, toxins produced by pathogenic microorganisms). Therefore, the list of pathological conditions when administered enterosgel, extensive. The drug is available in gel form ready to use.
As with any pharmacological agent, enterosgel has its contraindications and side effects, this is taken into account in the appointment of people of different age groups, assessing their overall health.
Possible side effects when taking enterosgel
The drug is well tolerated by patients, easily excreted in feces unchanged. Patients weakened by chronic diseases, older people may develop side effects of enterosgel.
Often develop constipation, despite the fact that the drug does not affect the qualitative and quantitative composition of beneficial microflora in the gut. They appear first days after the start of treatment in patients of advanced age and are associated with the violation of the dynamics in the intestine. Usually, physical activity of the elderly is limited, they lead a sedentary lifestyle. These factors contribute to the development geodinamicheskikh constipation after taking enterosgel.
On the background of the development of constipation there are additional symptoms:
- a decrease or lack of appetite;
- violation of the sensitivity of taste buds;
- abdominal discomfort, bloating of the abdominal wall;
- false urge to defecate;
- rare expectoration of small amounts of stool, which does not bring relief.
If you do not resolve constipation, it will lead to inflammation of the mucosa of the large intestine. Ways to combat constipation – a cleansing enema, intake of preparations containing lactulose. To prevent the occurrence of this side effect during treatment with enterosgel need to drink plenty of fluids, at least 2-2. 5 liters (for adults).
Less sorbent is able to cause dyspepsia. Patients develops flatulence – flatulence in the intestine. The accumulated gases prevent the normal passage of food through the divisions of the small and large intestine. Moreover, they put pressure on the wall, stretch them, causes pain in patients. When receiving Enterosgel together with flatulence there are such signs:
- aching pain in the abdomen, epigastric region, sometimes they get cramping or stabbing in nature;
- nausea, belching;
- complete lack of appetite.
Less developed phenomena such as putrefactive or fermentative dyspepsia (impaired absorption of carbohydrates and proteins).
In chronic diseases of the liver or kidney (functional failure) the administration of Enterosgel can cause this side effect, as the feeling of disgust to the drug.
Long-term treatment with the sorbent leads to a deficiency of vitamins and minerals. Primarily, it appears on the skin condition. It becomes dry, is peeling, small wrinkles and folds, capillary hemorrhage. Deteriorating overall health. Develops chronic fatigue syndrome.
Who and why is contraindicated Enterosgel
Absolute contraindications for use of enterosgel no.
The drug without fear administered to children from birth, pregnant women, women during lactation. With caution when prescribed to patients with gastric ulcer and duodenal ulcer in acute, after chemotherapy and surgical removal of a malignant tumor.
Enterosgel is contraindicated in acute intestinal obstruction, mechanical obstruction, which partially or completely restricted the movement of food through the digestive tract. Reception of the sorbent burden of acute disease and the symptoms are more pronounced:
- continuous abdominal pain independent of food intake, severe pain seizures wave-like nature of every 15 minutes;
- delay the discharge of feces and gases from the intestine, the stool may be bloody;
- increased bloating, which leads to its asymmetry;
- nausea and repeated vomiting after administration of enterosgel, sometimes it can repeat and be more pronounced.
Another contraindication for enterosgel – intestinal – decreased tone of smooth muscle of intestinal wall and impaired motility.
If a patient with atony appoint a sorbent that will lead to such pathological conditions:
- strengthening of flatulence, bloating;
- pallor of the skin;
- the formation of fecal stones due to slow passage of food;
- weakness, reduced sleep quality, irritability;
- violation absorption of iron and, as a consequence, the development of anemia.
Enterosgel is not indicated for patients with intestinal bleeding of unknown etiology. Reception of the sorbent could aggravate the situation and increase the intensity of blood loss.
Also the drug is contraindicated in individual intolerance of its main component – the polymethylsiloxane polyhydrate. This substance is in its structure identical to that of silicon. Therefore, enterosgel may be difficult to movepatients with history of chronic pathology of the urinary system.
The sorbent enterosgel is safe for the body. It does not render local irritating action. Side effects are rare. Contraindications are just relative. After elimination of obstruction or intestinal atony, patients can be prescribed the drug.