Activated charcoal in capsule and powder form: manual
Probably not such a person though time in life would not have happened poisoning stale food, medication, or vegetation. Everyone knows that the first aid are adsorbents that attract dangerous substances on themselves and then gently remove them from the body. Classical activated carbon will help with any type of poisoning, but it is desirable to grind to a fine powder, which takes extra time. To quickly get rid of the signs of poisoning should take activated charcoal capsules, which starts in the first minutes after ingestion.
Characteristics of the drug
Activated carbon is the adsorbent of natural origin, which is characterized by good surface activity and high absorbing ability. The active ingredient is the active wood charcoal, powdered. The drug prevents the absorption from the digestive tract of toxins, salts of heavy metals, drugs and other harmful substances that are then excreted naturally. A feature of this adsorbent is that it can collect on the surface of Gaza.
The pharmaceutical industry produces activated carbon under the name estrasorb capsules and conventional tablets. The drug in the capsules begins to work faster, and therefore considered more effective.
In the pharmacies you can find capsules for 110, 220, or 250 mg, which is packaged in contour packaging foil or PVC and Packed in a box made of cardboard.
Extrasorb not absorbed in the gastrointestinal tract and excreted unchanged with feces.
Indications for use
Activated charcoal powder is used as first aid in case of poisoning, as well as in complex treatment of some diseases. It is prescribed for:
- diseases that occur with fermentation and evolution of gas in the intestine;
- acidity, and excess secretion of gastric juice;
- the intoxications of different etiology;
- disease occurring with the General intoxication of the organism – toxiinfectio, rotavirus, dysentery, salmonellosis, burn disease and various stages;
- chronic renal failure;
- hepatitis of different origin and cirrhosis of the liver;
- allergic diseases;
- in the treatment of bronchial asthma in the complex therapy.
In addition, the drug is prescribed in powder in atopic dermatitis, as well as the medical studies to reduce flatulence.
The adsorbent actively with the aim to normalize the weight. But to get involved in this weight loss is not necessary, as extrasorb no different electoral activity and displays how harmful and useful substances.
Contraindications to the appointment
In the instructions for use written a number of contraindications, which necessarily take into account in the appointment. These include conditions and diseases:
- A special sensitivity to the active ingredient of the medicine.
- Ulcerative diseases of the digestive tract.
- Suspected bleeding in the stomach or the intestine.
- Obstruction of the intestine.
Drug be prescribed with caution while treatment antitoxic remedies, the effectiveness of which develops after complete absorption, for example, methionine.
Activated charcoal it is advisable to take short courses only as first aid.
How to take estrasorb
Adsorbent take 1-3 tablets 250 mg several times per day. Children are usually prescribed a daily dose of 50 mg per 1 kg of body weight, which is divided into several stages. A single therapeutic dose for children should not exceed 200 mg.
In case of poisoning, the dosage is calculated individually, depending on the weight of the patient and severity of the condition. In strong intoxications the preliminary gastric lavage with suspension of powdered activated carbon, and then the patient is prescribed the capsules in the age dosages.
Drink capsules extrasorb clean drinking water. Not recommended for zapivaniya other liquids, so as not to reduce the efficiency of the adsorbent.
Capsules of activated charcoal for treatment of diseases drink one hour before or one hour after eating and taking other medications.
Regardless of the method of production activated carbon can give several side effects, these include:
- the intestine disorders which are manifested by constipation or diarrhea;
- hypovitaminosis is a phenomenon observed in long-term treatments;
- reducing the absorption of nutrients from the digestive tract.
If a woman is taking hormonal contraceptives, treatment with activated carbon must be protected further, as the adsorbent prevents the absorption of hormones.
What to pay attention
Store drug estrasorb must in the original packaging in a cool and dry place. Next should not be stored substances and products characterized by high volatility. Whenstoring the capsules in air, without packaging, adsorption capacity can be greatly reduced.
All familiar from childhood black activated charcoal tablets. Now the pharmaceutical industry produces the drug in capsules and increasing efficiency. Before taking you need to carefully study the manual, which clearly stipulates contraindications, side effects and the conditions of admission.