How to take Polisorb in case of poisoning: user manual
POLYSORB – is a modern drug that belongs to the group of sorbents. It is effective for many types of poisoning and intoxications. In this article we look at what helps POLYSORB poisoning, in some cases, it can be used to treat, what are the contraindications and side effects of this drug.
Summary of product characteristics
POLYSORB is a new drug belonging to the group of sorbents. It is available in powder form, packaged in 12 or 24 g vials with a volume of 200-500 ml This powder is diluted with water according to instructions. Sale drug without a doctor's prescription.
Please note that before receiving the drug you should carefully read the instructions. You also need to check the expiration date of the medication. Expired medication may be ineffective and dangerous for the body.
Once in the digestive tract, POLYSORB in itself adsorbs toxins, neutralizes them, binds and removes along with the feces. Taking this sorbent helps get rid of diarrhea - a common symptom of poisoning.
POLYSORB must be taken separately from other medication and food. The time interval should not be less than 60 minutes.
Polisorb can be stored not in the refrigerator. The ambient temperature should not exceed 25 degrees.
Indications for taking the drug
POLYSORB if poisoning is used during first aid and during treatment. It is effective in the following types of acute intoxication:
- Consistent with alcohol poisoning. This condition can be caused by taking large doses of alcohol or occasional use of alcohol substitutes. It manifests itself by impairment of consciousness, vomiting, diarrhea, seizures. During intoxication with methyl alcohol, a deterioration of vision and development of blindness;
- Food poisoning. It is triggered by spoiled food or intestinal infections (salmonellosis, E. coli, dysentery). The first symptoms develop during the first 12 hours after eating bad food;
- In mushroom poisoning caused by poisonous mushroom varieties or of poor quality, spoiled mushroom dishes. In the case of consumption of poisonous mushrooms, the condition of the poisoned person may appear to worsen during the first 30 minutes after a meal;
- If poisoning or overdose of drugs. This pathology may occur in a child who swallowed pills left older;
- In cases of poisoning by salts of heavy metals. This condition often develops in people working with these substances.
Please note that the drug POLYSORB is only one component of the treatment of poisoning. It is not enough for effective therapy.
Contraindications and possible side-effects from medication
POLYSORB if poisoning can be taken not all. This drug has a number of contraindications, under which its use is prohibited. These include:
- A patient has ulcers in the stomach or duodenum;
- Allergy, individual intolerance to this medication or its components;
- Children up to age 1 year;
- Full or partial bowel obstruction;
- Ulcerative colitis;
- Atony of the intestine.
In rare cases, POLYSORB adverse reactions. They are individual and develop intolerance to the drug.
Possible adverse reactions:
- Constipation most often occurs in people with a low motility of the digestive system and are prone to constipation. When you remove the drug, this side effect resolves on its own and usually does not need special medical treatment;
- Allergic reactions in the form of urticaria or angioneurotic angioedema. The patient develops red itchy spots on skin surface - they may coalesce into large spots. With the development of angioedema there is swelling of the subcutaneous layer of fatty tissue, swelling of the face, neck. This complication is dangerous to the development of edema in the respiratory tract. With the development of allergies, you should immediately call the ambulance.
Please note that POLYSORB cannot be combined with Acetylsalicylic acid (Aspirin).
Advice on taking medication
How to take POLYSORB for poisoning? It is best to consult a doctor and ask him all the rules of the drug and its dosing.
In the case of acute poisoning, sorbents should be taken as soon as possible. To drink they can be while rendering first aid to the patient. Representatives of this drug group should be in every home medicine Cabinet.
POLYSORB excellent for first-aid poisoned. The suspension, which is obtained as a result of the breeding of white powder by a poison once in the digestive tract, begins to act quickly and remove harmful substances from the body.
In order to prepare the suspension for 1 adult admission, you should take 1 tablespoon of powder Polisorb and breed it with a glass of ordinary table water at room temperature. The drug should be wellstir - make sure to avoid lumps.
For suspension the child will need 1 teaspoon POLYSORB. It also diluted in a glass of water.
When providing first aid to the patient with poisoning, drink POLYSORB follows after the cleansing of the stomach. The sooner this is accepted the medicine, the faster you will improve the condition of the poisoned person.
Please note that the dosage should not be exceeded. Also strictly forbidden to take into undiluted with water powder.
The dosage of the drug during treatment of poisoning is determined by the attending physician. The above dose of the drug suitable for oceaneering premedical first aid. When treatment is given it can vary by doctor.
Taking the drug during pregnancy and lactation
The drug POLYSORB accepted in pregnancy and feeding the child breast milk. According to studies, he will not have a negative impact on the fruit and not into the breast milk.
Also POLYSORB is assigned during toxemia in pregnant women to reduce nausea and vomiting. The dosage of the drug should be discussed with your doctor. Designate this drug is not recommended.
Analogues of the drug
Today in pharmacies can find a large number of drugs belonging to the sorbents. All of them can be used in poisoning. Below is the list of analogues POLYSORB:
- APSCO. It consists of the same active substance as in Polisorba is silicon dioxide. APSCO is available in the form of powder for suspension preparation;
- Drug – sorbent in powder form for dissolution. The active substance is diosmectite;
- Diasorb – comes portioned in sachets for preparation of suspension. The active substance is diosmectite.
Please note that the rules of the dosing analogs can differ from POLYSORB. Before taking, read the instructions carefully.
The basics of first aid in acute poisoning
With the development of acute poisoning, first aid should be provided as quickly as possible. First and foremost, you should call SMP team. While waiting for the arrival of medical need, without wasting time, to begin to self-provision of first aid. Below are the main points:
Poor quality food or toxins and drugs causing poisoning can linger in the stomach for a long period of time, up to 4-6 hours. Their prompt removal will help to avoid increasing intoxication.
Gastric lavage can be carried out independently, at home. To do this, gulp drink a large amount of fluid and trigger a gag attack. Children will be enough 1-2 glasses of water, adults need 1 liter. To wash out the stomach at home is possible only plain water at a neutral temperature. According to the latest protocols, it is not recommended to use for this purpose a solution of potassium permanganate.
Please note that potassium permanganate, when improper dilution, can cause severe intoxication of the organism and cause burns of the mucous membranes of the esophagus and stomach.
Gastric lavage is not possible in all situations. Contraindications to this procedure include:
- The development of gastrointestinal toxicity. This condition can be caused by toxins trapped in the stomach cavity. It appears bloody or black vomit, melanau (dark stools), pale skin, rapid pulse;
- Poisoning with acids or alkalis. These substances can erode the stomach lining. Vomiting they can re-damage the esophagus. This poisoning lavage is performed by doctors with the use of gastric probe;
- The disturbed consciousness of the patient or his stay in a condition of strong alcoholic intoxication. Such patients lavage is performed by physicians.
Purgation is indicated for food poisoning, alcohol intoxication, overdose drugs. At home this procedure is carried out using plain water at room temperature. Children enema is done with a special children's pears small volume (100, 200 or 500 ml.).
At this stage, the first aid you can give the patient to drink POLYSORB, or any other sorbent, for example Activated carbon, Enterosgel, Smectite, Sorbex.
Sorbents are not given to patients with a suspected outbreak of gastrointestinal bleeding.
Fluid is necessary to the patient in cases of poisoning. Drinking helps to reduce the level of dehydration and intoxication, to restore electrolyte balance.
During the acute period of poisoning drinking may trigger another vomit attack. To avoid them, should drink little and often. If the patient due to severe vomiting can not drink the liquid himself, doctors SMP connect him to an IV and administered fluids intravenously.
What to do in case of loss of patient consciousness
Severe poisoning can lead to violations of human consciousness, and deep coma. Coma often develops as a result of alcohol poisoning, alcohol surrogates, poisonous mushrooms and drugsdrugs.
If the person lost consciousness before the arrival of doctors, your task is the prevention of suffocation due to tongue or vomit. Put the patient on a hard surface and turn it on its side. If you can't physically flip it, turn to one side, at least his head. In this position the risk of aspiration and choking is minimal.
Also, you need to constantly check the victim for presence of pulse and respiration. Heartbeat is the preferred control on the carotid artery, which passes right under the skin on the anterior side of the neck. Breath check, putting his hand on the chest of the patient.
POLYSORB – is a modern sorbent is effective in the treatment of poisoning. It is approved for use in children older than 1 year, pregnant and breast-feeding women. Before taking this medication, carefully read the user manual and check its expiration date. Independently it can be taken only during the premedical first aid. The dosage and treatment of poisoning should be discussed with your doctor.