Poisoning, in which you can not induce vomiting
Artificial vomiting is not cause in some cases of poisoning and pathological conditions. In such situations, self-gastric lavage at home can harm the body and lead to dangerous complications. In this article, we have considered situations in which it is strictly forbidden to induce vomiting and to wash out the stomach with his own, the article also presents the algorithm of actions in such cases.
In some cases, it is forbidden to induce vomiting
The poison can be not only food products but also various chemicals, drugs, poisons, toxic substances. Some of them can erode the stomach lining and carry out the internal bleeding and burns of the esophagus. Almost everyone knows that during the development of the first signs of poisoning should drink several glasses of water and cause vomiting. Indeed, this procedure is able to improve the patient's condition and withdraw from his body of toxins.
But there are situations where such a gastric lavage "people's way" by provoking vomiting is prohibited. Below we have considered the main ones.
Poisoning harsh chemicals
Some chemicals can cause burns and damage mucous membranes of the esophagus, stomach and duodenum. When you use them inside to wash out the stomach through the probe. In case of vomiting can cause damage to the walls of the esophagus and cause severe internal bleeding.
In the case of vomiting in cases of poisoning with potent chemicals, the patient may develop shock and lose consciousness.
The list of substances, usage of which is strictly forbidden to provoke a gag attack:
- gasoline, diesel oil;
- brake fluid;
- disinfectants and cleaning agents, for example, "Domestos", "White";
Poisoning with these chemicals most often occurs in kids who decided to taste the unknown substance. All detergents, paints, varnishes should be stored out of reach of children.
Also there are cases of accidental ingestion of these substances into adults. For example, when cleaning the kettles citric acid, or in the use of peroxide inside to lose weight.
Disturbance of consciousness of the patient
In severe intoxication or poisoning people can lose consciousness and to boot in soporose or deep coma. In this case, it is strictly forbidden to provoke in the patient a gag attack. The person may choke on vomit and die from aspiration of vomit.
Also lavage and vomiting can be dangerous to people staying in a condition of strong alcoholic intoxication. Alcohol suppresses the expression of gag and protective reflexes, and the patient can easily choke on their own vomit.
If the person on the background of poisoning and lost consciousness, you need to put it on a firm and level surface, and the head turn to one side. In this position the airway is open, the risk of collapse is low.
In cases of poisoning may develop gastrointestinal bleeding. To it more likely people suffering from chronic gastritis or peptic ulcer disease. Also, it may begin at poisoned patients who have never complained of problems with the digestive system.
Bleeding can be provoked by the poisoning of chemicals, alcohol or uncontrollable vomiting. Frequent retching may disrupt the integrity of the mucosa of the lower esophagus and stomach syndrome (Mallory-Weiss).
Gastrointestinal bleeding manifested by bloody or dark vomit, black liquid stools (meleney). Also, despite the severe blood loss the patient feels General weakness, he had pale skin, quickens the pulse and falling blood pressure.
Induce vomiting or gastric lavage is strictly prohibited in this state. Such manipulation can lead to further damage of the vascular wall and increase the blood loss.
What you need to do and how to help the patient
With the development of the above situations, you should immediately call the patient to the ambulance. On the phone briefly describe to the dispatcher the condition of the patient, please specify the exact address.
Remember that self-medicate acute poisoning or internal bleeding, you risk the patient's life. Only qualified medical professionals will be able to provide first aid and treat the injured.
If the patient is poisoned with chemicals, until the arrival of the doctors can give him to drink a sorbent, e.g., activated charcoal or smectite. The appearance of retching explain to the victim that tear him dangerous, you need to hold back.
If signs of gastrointestinal bleeding, the patient are not allowed anything to drink. Put the patient to bed, on the stomach put an ice pack. The cold will slightly reduce the volume of blood loss.
Impaired consciousness intoxicated person you'll need to monitor his breathing and pulse. When they stop, you should immediatelyto start chest compressions.
Independent vomiting and gastric lavage is not helping at all poisoning. In the case of intoxication with acids, alkalis or strong chemicals such procedures worsen the patient's condition. Also induce vomiting is forbidden for gastrointestinal bleeding, and impairment of consciousness of the victim. In all of these situations, you should immediately call the ambulance.