What happens if you drink potassium permanganate, its harm and benefits
If poisoning poor quality foods or toxic substances often used slightly pink solution of potassium permanganate, which wash out the cavity of the stomach. In the 90-ies of the barely pink solution used for bathing infants to prevent suppuration of the umbilical wound. Now buy medication at the pharmacy only by prescription, but this substance is still not losing popularity and is widely used not only medicinally, but also in horticulture. Many people wonder what will happen if you drink potassium permanganate to water? Here the consequences may not be at all, or can be quite severe organ damage, if the solution was highly concentrated.
Characteristic of a substance
Potassium permanganate is a brownish-purple crystalline powder, which upon dilution in water gives a solution rich Burgundy color. This chemical compound has antiseptic properties and releases oxygen in reaction with organic substances, for example, proteins that exist in human skin. Known units of chemical elements that also quickly react at normal temperature, as manganese.
Drink potassium permanganate at various intoxications useful, as it oxidizes organic and inorganic compounds. This chemical element helps:
- to convert to harmless form some of the toxic substances, for example, ethanol and various surrogates;
- to destroy the cells of many pathogenic organisms that are causes of food poisoning.
Potassium permanganate quickly causes vomiting and prevents the absorption of toxic substances. If lavage of the stomach solution of potassium permanganate to do with the appearance of the first symptoms, you can significantly speed up recovery.
Potassium permanganate is used not only for therapeutic purposes but also for growing plants in the other areas. Consider the primary use for medicinal purposes. A weak solution of potassium permanganate is indicated for:
- intoxications caused by low grade or stale food;
- intoxication with medications;
- poisoning by toxic plants;
- bathing infants, especially if the umbilical wound oozes.
Drink the solution as to provoke vomiting, and when retching to rinse the cavity of the stomach. Lavage performed as long as the waste liquid will not contain residues of undigested food.
Strong water solution is used for the treatment of wounds in trauma and surgery. The solution of manganese helps to avoid the festering of wounds and helps in the treatment of extensive burns even.
In the home the potassium permanganate solution can be applied with great caution, especially for children!
Potassium permanganate is not recommended for people with individual sensitivity, as well as those who have observed such States:
- severe irritation of the skin;
- rhinitis of allergic origin;
- bronchitis of allergic origin.
You can say it's just a recommendation for some people who suffer from allergies. Manganese is one of the most mild antiseptics and if used properly is not dangerous even for infants.
How to use potassium permanganate in case of poisoning
All tips on first aid for poisoning is limited to recommendations to drink a weak solution of manganese and immediately induce vomiting. In fact, the only potassium permanganate to induce vomiting ineffective treatment solution need to work for some time in the stomach and neutralize a number of toxic substances. Therefore, immediately after swallowing the pink of the solution, induce vomiting is not worth it, better to wait 15 minutes.
How to prepare a solution
Earlier, people not much thought, how to build a manganese, and a solution was prepared exclusively for the eye. In a container with drinking water and put a pinch of the substance and stirred, and then this concentrated solution is poured in the total volume of water for therapeutic purposes, to get a pale pink color.
The potassium permanganate solution mandatory is passed through the cheesecloth into several layers or using a cotton wool placed in the funnel. This allows you to hold crystals of chemical substances that are not dissolved.
Now, little has changed in the methods of preparation of medicinal solution. Per liter of drinking water add 3-4 crystals, which are thoroughly dissolved.
What happens if you eat dry powder
If an adult or child ate potassium permanganate in dry form – it can cause severe burns, with unpredictable consequences. This usually occurs by negligence or suicidal purposes.
In this case, the person painted the skin around the mouth and visibly painted mouth. Condition very quickly deteriorates, there are such symptoms:
- sharp pain in the esophagus and stomach;
- a burning sensation in the mouth when considering you can see the burns of the mucosa;
- can be a painful shock.
If a person ate a lot of powder, it may be a ruptured stomach and severe internal bleeding. With the untimely assistance provided may be fatal.
Need immediatelyto call an ambulance as soon as it was discovered the use of dry manganese. Only doctors can provide expert assistance to preserve human health and life.
What happens if you drink a concentrated solution of manganese
Often there are cases when, through ignorance or negligence, people drink saturated water solution of potassium permanganate. This can lead to burns on the potassium permanganate mucous membrane of the mouth, esophagus and stomach. To avoid unpleasant health effects, it is necessary to give the victim drink plenty of water and periodically artificially induce vomiting. Unsolder continue as long as the waste water will not be transparent.
If people drank potassium permanganate and he did not throw up, you must wait 15-20 minutes, then allow to drink up to a liter of water and induce vomiting by pushing on the tongue.
If a concentrated solution drank baby up to 3 years – immediately call an ambulance. Artificial vomiting such children cause in the home is impossible, as can be dehydration.
At the time of the assistance of the health effects will be. But still need to see a doctor, especially if the victim is a small child or a pregnant woman.
You can often hear the advice that in cases of poisoning by potassium permanganate helps egg protein or milk fat. That is very wrong, in this case, will only clean drinking water.
What to pay attention
Potassium permanganate is quite aggressive chemical. To bring a benefit and do not bear the harm, it is necessary to observe some rules:
- A solution only in glass and transparent capacity to be able to accurately determine the hue.
- Packaging with the substance stored in a cool and dark place, away from children. It is prohibited to pour the crystals out of the original packaging.
- It is forbidden to shake a container of dry potassium permanganate. Such actions can cause fire and explosion.
- Manganese, dissolved in distilled water, can be stored up to six months. The dry substance has no expiration date.
- The mortar should not be kept in a metal container, due to the chemical reaction, the potassium permanganate loses its useful properties.
Recently, to buy potassium permanganate in pharmacy impossible without a doctor's prescription. Manganese was attributed to explosive substances and prohibited free trade. However, this drug in the home medicine Cabinet.