Antiemetic drugs for children of different age
Any poisoning is always unpleasant, especially when it comes to children. Many parents at the first symptoms of poisoning begin to fuss and worry. But feelings will not help, the child needs to provide specific medical care, and then show the doctor. Do not fall into a state of panic, if the child began vomiting. This is completely normal, as the body tries to get rid of toxic substances that got him. If the vomiting becomes uncontrollable nature, need to use antiemetic drugs for children, who will be able to stop unpleasant urges.
Emergency care for poisoning
All adults must understand that to prescribe drugs from vomiting for children on their own is very dangerous. Before you start the medication of this drug group, it is necessary to understand why vomiting occurs in a child. The reasons are many, the main highlight so you can:
- food poisoning stale food;
- infectious diseases of the digestive tract;
- malfunctions of the pancreas;
- allergic reaction;
- unstable work of the liver and kidneys;
- injuries to the head.
Also retching in children can occur with overeating, if you eat fatty products and for motion sickness. Vomiting can be untamed or one-time.
Repeated profuse vomiting often indicates poisoning. In this case, the kid has to help. To start, thoroughly wash the stomach a large amount of slightly salted water. Give the child to drink as much fluid as he can, and then push with your fingers on the tongue root. Such actions are performed as long as the waste water will not be clean. It helps to remove the remnants of undigested food and of the pathogenic bacteria that caused the intoxication.
Only after the stomach is well washed, you can give medicine for vomiting to children, otherwise, it is ingested and come out with vomit. Children up to 1 year stomach washed only in a hospital environment and under the watchful supervision of physicians.
Children up to 3 years gastric lavage at home doing with great care. The baby should be in a vertical position and must constantly monitor his health. At this age, the body weight is small, therefore, quickly comes dehydration. If you feel unwell immediately call an ambulance or take the child on their own in the hospital.
The poisoning of a child suffering from severe vomiting and diarrhoea, through which the body goes much fluid and becoming dehydrated. In between retching the child should be immediately served in small portions, it will allow to restore water balance.
For taiwania suitable pure non-carbonated water, teas raisins and apricots, as well as water with added lemon juice and honey. You can use the pharmacy drug regidron, but it has an unpleasant taste, so children take it with great reluctance.
For otpevanie children should not apply milk and dairy products, soda, coffee and strong black tea.
When to start taking antiemetic drugs
Vomiting if the child long does not stop, then you start to antiemetics for children. This can be done only after consultation with your doctor a pediatrician or infectious disease. If the nearest hospital is far away, you can call an ambulance, where the doctor will be able to advise on the advisability of taking these drugs.
If you suspect rotavirus should not immediately try to stop retching. So the body fights pathogenic microorganisms, which have penetrated him. If you just take the pill from vomiting for children, the stomach will not have time to purify yourself naturally, which means that the disease can not only be delayed but also give serious complications.
Drugs that can be used for children
Pharmaceutical companies produce many different drugs for nausea and vomiting for the treatment of children. Many of them have the same active substance and differ only in name and price. In pediatric practice, doctors use a relatively safe anti-emetic.
In the pharmacy you can find medicines from this group not only in pills but also in powder and solution for injection. All ratostelevaa drugs have many contraindications and side effects, so write them should be exclusively a doctor.
The active ingredient of this drug is metoclopramide hydrochloride, which can be found in pharmacies in tablets of the same name. And it will cost much cheaper cerucal. Issued this drug in little pills for 10 mg solution for injection 1 ml contains 5 mg of active substance.
This medication helps to suppress the activity of dopamine receptors, strengthens the muscles of the digestive organs and increases motor function of the intestine. Prescribe the drug for the persistent nausea and vomiting that were caused by different reasons. It can be given to kidsat the age of 2 years. The dosage for children from 2 to 14 years is calculated as 0.1 mg per kilogram of body weight, with a day should not go over 0.5 mg per kilogram. Take the medicine 30 minutes before meals. The therapeutic effect of tablets begins in 20 minutes after administration and lasts up to 6 hours.
Have cerucal described in the instruction many contraindications that must be considered, especially in young children. These include the following diseases and conditions:
- individual intolerance to the components that are included in the medication;
- lactose intolerance;
- consistently low pressure;
- intestinal obstruction;
- suspected bleeding in the digestive organs;
Children under the age of 4 years, reglan is prescribed with great caution. The dosage is calculated by the attending physician in accordance with body weight.
This antiemetic many side effectsthat can cause a lot of unpleasant moments:
- Persistent migraines and dizziness.
- Undue fatigue.
- The feeling of fear, increased irritability.
- Atypical drowsiness.
- A nervous TIC, it is commonly observed in children.
- Allergic reactions.
In addition, occasionally there is dry mouth and diarrhea. With the appearance of the side effects of the drug treatment, stop and consult with your doctor for adjustments to therapy.
The active substance of this preparation acts as domperidone. The medicine is available in tablets and suspension. One tablet contains 10 mg of this substance, and syrup for oral use 1 mg in 1 ml.
Such remedies for vomiting in a child, as motilium prescribed for disturbed digestion, accompanied by stagnation in the stomach. In addition, the medication will help with flatulence, heartburn, hiccups, stomach pain and vomiting after taking medications and in infants with excessive regurgitation.
Children antiemetic administered at a dosage of 2.5 ml per 10 kg of body weight up to 3 times before meals and, if necessary, at night.
The drug is not recommended for some chronic diseases and specific conditions, these include:
- Malignant pituitary tumors.
- High levels of prolactin in the blood.
- Concomitant use of some antifungal and antibacterial drugs.
- Suspected bleeding in the gastrointestinal tract.
- Bowel obstruction of different etiology.
- Body weight less than 35 kg for a tablet form of the drug.
- Individual intolerance of individual components that are included in the medication.
- Pregnancy in all periods and lactation.
Kids under the age of 1 year drug suspension is allowed to take with great caution. Treatment with motylium only after weighing all the risks.
As tablets and suspension can cause various disorders in organs and systems:
- Having severe pain in the intestines.
- May be constipation or diarrhea.
- Excessive thirst, which is very hard to satisfy.
- Abnormal sleepiness and persistent migraine.
- Irritability and nervousness.
- Allergic reactions, until angioedema.
- Failures in the endocrine system.
Most often side effects occur in children the disruption of the digestive tract and are immediately after the abolition of drugs. If the child has serious health changes, it is a chance to cancel the admission of Motylium and consult pediatrician.
The active substance of this drug is bromide prifinia. No-spasm is available in several dosage forms – coated tablets, solution for injections, syrup and a special solution that is used in the treatment of children.
This medication is prescribed for colic, nausea and vomiting. In complex therapy be used to treat gastritis, colitis, enteritis and spasms of the muscles of the digestive organs in infants. But the spasm is often prescribed before diagnostic procedures on the digestive tract.
The dosage depends on the age of the patient. Adults and children over 12 years: 30-60 mg up to three times a day. Children 6 to 12 years: 15-30 mg three times a day. For the treatment of children under the age of 6 years is used syrup. Children under the age of 3 months, give 1 ml every 6 hours. From 3 months to a year are allowed to give 2 ml of the medication every 6 hours. From one to two years give a teaspoon every 8 hours. From 2 to 6 years give 2 tsp to 3 times a day.
Drug injection administered very slowly, as it can dramatically drop your blood pressure!
The drugs many contraindications that may be an obstacle to the appointment. If, however, the drug is assigned to such groups of patients in exceptional cases. Contraindications are as follows:
- individual sensitivity to components of the medication;
- in diseases of the heart, when palpitation of the heart is dangerous;
- in diseases of the intestines that are characterized by obstruction;
- for the elderly, when intestinal peristalsis is reduced;
- in diseases of the eye characterized by increased intraocular pressure;
- in diseases of the liver and kidneys;
- in chronic diseases of the respiratory organs;
- for injuries of the brain, especially in children.
It is not recommended to prescribe the drug to children with severe neurological diseases, and diseases of a genetic nature.
Side effects of the drug but spasm a bit. They all quickly disappear after the complete elimination of the medication or the therapeutic dose. Very rarely do patients complain of the following health changes:
- The feeling of dry mouth and excessive thirst.
- Dilation of the pupils.
- Increased intraocular pressure.
- Persistent constipation.
If there are any side effects, you should inform your doctor. If the boy's condition worsened after taking the drug, it is a chance to adjust treatment.
Dietary Supplement against vomiting
Well established powder from vomiting for children "Primadophilus", which is composed of bifidobacteria and lactic acid bacteria. Prescribe this drug to restore the digestive tract. Indications for use are allergic reactions, dysbacteriosis and a weak immune system. Doctors often prescribe this drug as a mild anti-emetic that works only locally and has no harmful effects on other organs and systems.
The only contraindications to the appointment is individual intolerance to the drug. Of the side effects possible allergic reactions.
Do not start taking any, even harmless, at first glance, medication without consulting your doctor. This is especially true of the treatment of younger children.
Diet after vomiting
Not enough to stop vomiting in a child, you need to make an unpleasant urge arose again. This can be achieved, if diet. Child nutrition in the first days of the disease should be a fraction and gentle. The diet includes only healthy and natural products. It is unacceptable to give the baby fried and smoked foods, and food that is richly flavored with spices.
In food should include protein-rich foods. It's lean meats – chicken, rabbit and veal. Dairy products – bifidokefir and low-fat cottage cheese. It is not recommended to give the child a pastry, especially yeast dough, they will provoke fermentation and a new attack of vomiting. Carbohydrates are the child should get from cereals – buckwheat, oats and rice.
In the first days is not necessary to load the stomach fresh fruits and vegetables. You can give baked apples with honey, or good ripe bananas. Vegetables better cooking light soup on the second broth. All food is prepared steamed or in the oven, it is also allowed to boil foods.
Child after vomiting and can not offer dishes of cabbage and beans. They cause severe bloating and hard to digest.
How to prevent vomiting folk ways
If the child suffers from nausea and vomiting, it is not necessary to start giving the kid drugs. To stop vomiting will help tea with lemon balm or mint, and a delicious drink of fresh lemon with honey. Give these drinks in small doses, but frequently. In some cases enough to drink strong sweet tea and a little lie down.
Great congee with raisins. It relieves inflammation of the stomach and reduces its intensity, due to this retching gradually comes to end.
Antiemetic drugs well remove the gag reflex. But use them mindlessly, as there are many contraindications. Before the arrival of the child's doctor well otpaivat to prevent dehydration. Only doctor decides how appropriate receiving antiemetic medications in a particular case.